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June 8, 2015

United States

Florida—Southern Shrimp Alliance, Shrimp Imports, Antibiotics, “Entry Lines”, FDA and Violators

 

The Southern Shrimp Alliance (SSA), an organization of shrimp fishermen and shrimp processors, has members in the eight warm water shrimp fishing states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas.

 

Founded in 2002, SSA works to ensure the continued vitality and existence of the USA shrimp industry.  It believes the livelihoods of USA shrimpers are threatened by inexpensive imported shrimp and says the USA market has become a dumping ground for shrimp that are turned away from other major seafood importing countries.

 

Information released by the USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding import entry line* refusals in May 2015 shows a significant reduction in the number of shrimp entry lines refused for reasons related to banned antibiotics compared to the first four months of this year.  Of the 103 seafood entry lines refused last month, 12% were for shrimp contaminated with banned antibiotics.  The total number of shrimp entry lines refused for banned antibiotics in May was the lowest number reported by the agency since August 2014.

 

While the total number of shrimp entry line refusals fell in May 2015, the number of refusals remains significant.  By way of comparison, in the 13-year period between 2002 and 2014, covering 156 months, the FDA refused at least 12 entry lines of shrimp for reasons related to antibiotics in only 20 of those months.  In contrast, the FDA has reported refusing at least 12 entry lines of shrimp for antibiotics in each of the first five months of this year.

 

So far this year, the FDA has now refused a total of 203 entry lines of shrimp products for reasons related to banned antibiotics.  As shown in the chart below, the previous single annual high for shrimp entry lines refused for reasons related to banned antibiotics occurred last year at 208.

 

   

 

In May 2015, shrimp entry lines from three countries—Malaysia, India, and Vietnam—were refused for reasons related to veterinary drug residues at ports throughout the United States.  Following are the names of the six companies that had their shrimp products rejected in May 2015:

 

Malaysia: Seng Enterprise Seafood Supplier, a company that was listed on Import Alert 16-124 on February 20, 2015, for chloramphenicol, had four entry lines refused in the New York Import District for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues and nitrofurans and was additionally refused for failing to bear the name of the manufacturer, packer or distributor on its labeling.

 

Malaysia: Ria Budimas Trading, a company listed on Import Alert 16-129 for nitrofurans on March 2, 2015, at two different addresses, but not currently listed on Import Alert 16-124, had three entry lines refused for shrimp contaminated with nitrofurans and veterinary drug residues in the Southwest Import District.

 

Malaysia: Fishergold Cold Storage, Sdn., Bhd., a company listed on Import Alert 16-129 for nitrofurans on September 29, 2014, had two entry lines refused for shrimp contaminated with nitrofurans and salmonella in the Southwest Import District.

 

   

 

 

Vietnam: Quoc Viet Seaproducts Processing, a company that has been listed on Import Alert 16-124 since March 10, 2014, for chloramphenicol, had one entry line refused for shrimp contaminated with veterinary drug residues in the Seattle District.

 

   

 

India: Sharat Industries, a company listed on Import Alert 16-129 for nitrofurans on March 9, 2015, had one entry line refused for shrimp contaminated with nitrofurans and veterinary drug residues in the Los Angeles District.

 

India: Sandhya Aqua Exports, Pvt., Ltd., a company not currently listed on either Import Alert 16-124 or Import Alert 16-129, had one entry line refused for shrimp contaminated with nitrofurans and veterinary drug residues in the Southwest Import District.

 

   

 

For 2015, the FDA has refused 138 entry lines of shrimp shipped from Malaysia for reasons related to veterinary drug residues, 30 from Vietnam, 25 from India, 9 from China and 1 from Indonesia.

 

For both Malaysia and India, there have now been more shrimp entry lines refused by the FDA for reasons related to antibiotics in the first five months of this year than in any prior year reported by the FDA.

 

For Vietnam, the only year in which more shrimp entry lines were refused by the FDA for reasons related to antibiotics than 2015 was 2014.

 

* Entry Line Defined: FDA refusals ‎ are not of shipments; rather they are defined as “entry lines”.  A single container of shrimp shipped to the United States could include multiple entry lines.  For example, a single container of imported shrimp could contain peeled and deveined shrimp of multiple count sizes.  An importer can break this shipment out into multiple entry lines—PND 31-40 count as one, PND 41-50 as another, and PND 51-60 as a third.  If all of this shrimp is contaminated with antibiotics and detected by the FDA at the border, then that single container load would be reported as three entry line refusals.

 

An entry line is a type of product in any given container or other method of import.  Example: A container of imported shrimp (40,000 pounds) may have several different types of shrimp within that container such as peeled and deveined, cooked, breaded and headless shell-on.  Each different type of product in that container has its own code and each product is considered an “entry line”.

 

Information: John Williams (john@shrimpalliance.com) and Deborah Long (deborah@cohesivecommunications.com), Southern Shrimp Alliance, P.O. Box 1577, Tarpon Springs, Florida 34688, USA (phone 1-727-934-5090, fax 1-727-934-5362, email info@shrimpalliance.co, webpage http://www.shrimpalliance.com/new).

 

Sources: 1. The Southern Shrimp Alliance.  FDA Entry Lines Refusals for Shrimp Contaminated with Antibiotics Close to Record High.  June 4, 2015.  2. Emails from John Williams and Deborah Long (above) on June 8, 2015.

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