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April 5, 2014

India

Production Increases in 2013

 

Shrimp production in India during 2012 and 2013 was very impressive.  In 2012, it produced 225,000 metric tons, nearly twice that of 2010 (142,000 tons).  In 2013, production reached 292,810 tons.  After several years of low production, India is now emerging as a leading shrimp producer for global markets.  In 2013, India became the leading supplier of shrimp to the USA market, overtaking Thailand and Vietnam.  White shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) is farmed in 25,000 hectares of ponds, and giant tiger (P. monodon) shrimp is produced in 60,000 hectares of ponds, some of which are being converted to white shrimp.  Farm output is also expected to increase with the conversion of freshwater fish ponds to shrimp farming.

 

 

 

With the threat of EMS, India’s shrimp farming industry welcomed the ban on broodstock imports from countries with EMS.  In 2013, its sole supplier of imported broodstock was Shrimp Improvement Systems (SIS) in Florida, USA.  In 2013, India established a Broodstock Multiplication Centre (BMC) in Visakhapatnam, under a collaborative program with the Rajiv Gandhi Aquaculture Centre (RGAC).  Current production of postlarvae at the new center is 20 billion, but an estimated 40 billion will be required for 2014.

 

 

India had 300 operating shrimp hatcheries in 2013.  Most of them (70%) were in the state of Andhra Pradesh.  Only 40% of them were registered with the government, which means they could import broodstock.  India is unique in that the government requires all imports of P. vannamei broodstock to be channeled through the Aquatic Quarantine Facility (AQF) in Neelankarai, Chennai, where they are quarantined for five days.  In 2013, AQF expanded its capacity to import broodstock to 118,500 pairs a year.  Hatchery operators support this measure, but worry that the quarantine facility will not be able to keep up with the demand for broodstock.  Fortunately, additional supplies of broodstock could be met by the RGCA’s BMC, which has an annual capacity of 45,000 pairs and could be expanded.

 

Source: AQUA Culture AsiaPacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com).  India: New Heights in Shrimp Production.  Volume 10, Number 2, Page 6, March/April 2014.

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