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June 12, 2014

India

Quotas on Shrimp Broodstock Hinder Production

 

Ravikumar Yellanki, secretary of the All India Shrimp Hatcheries Association, said the government’s policy on shrimp broodstock imports hinders production.  “We need good quality broodstock, unrestricted by quotas, to meet the demand.  We also need a good breeding program instead of depending on imported broodstock, and the government needs to release guidelines for multiplication centers for Penaeus vannamei.

 

Ravikumar said India’s growth in shrimp productions has largely been spurred by P. vannamei production, but production hinging on a single species is not wise.  He thinks India needs to domesticate indigenous species through captive breeding.  He said, “Unlike P. vannamei, tiger shrimp [P. monodon] grow up to 120 grams, which small farmers prefer.  At present, tiger shrimp broodstock is available only from the wild, and it is infected with diseases.  We need to produce specific pathogen free tiger broodstock to diversify.”

 

V. Balasubramaniam, general secretary of the Prawn Farmers Federation of India says, “Access to specific pathogen free seedstock through quota-free imports is the right of every farmer.  Hatcheries should have adequate broodstock through quota-free imports.”  In addition, he thinks export cartels fix low prices during the peak harvest season, leaving farmers with no choice but to harvest their crop at a low price.  He wants The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) to circulate daily international prices, which would help farmers fetch a fair price for their shrimp.  He also thinks the licensing system for farms and hatcheries should be given to one agency, like MPEDA or the Fisheries Department.  “Currently, there are seven departments involved in the process,” he said.

 

Source: The Hindu.  Shrimp Industry Looks to Critical Policy Interventions.  P.V. Srividya.  June 10, 2014.

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