Shrimp Farming at "Aquaculture 2007"
World Aquaculture Society Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, USA
February 26 through March 2, 2007
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United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program
Info on Aquaculture in Texas
Feed Short Course
Shrimp Farming in Texas--Map and Statistics
Texas Farm Leases Ponds
Texas Farm Sells Shrimp Online
The History of Shrimp Farming in West Texas
Trade Show Exhibitors
United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program
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The United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program (USMSFP) will sponsor the shrimp sessions at "Aquaculture 2007", a World Aquaculture Society meeting scheduled for February 26 through March 2, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. In addition to sponsoring the shrimp sessions, Anthony Ostrowski, Ph.D., director of USMSFP, said USMSFP will host a special reception for the United States marine shrimp farming industry that will encourage one-on-one contact with program scientists.
Information: Anthony Ostrowski, The Oceanic Institute, 41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, HI 96795 USA (phone 808-259-3109, fax 808-259-3121, email email@example.com, webpage www.oceanicinstitute.org).
Source: Industry Briefs (The newsletter of the United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program). Paula Bender, Editor and Webmaster (firstname.lastname@example.org). See you at WAS Aquaculture 2007--Science for Sustainable Aquaculture. V-12, N-4, P-7, October 2006.
Information on Aquaculture in Texas
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If you're looking for information on "Aquaculture 2007", the World Aquaculture Society meeting that's scheduled for February 26 to March 2, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas, go the Society's conference page at http://www.was.org/meetings/ConferenceInfo.asp?MeetingCode=AQ2007.
If you're looking for information on San Antonio or aquaculture in Texas, go to the Texas Aquaculture Association's webpage at http://www.texasaquaculture.org/index.html.
Information: John Cooksey, World Aquaculture Conference Management, P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 USA (phone 760-751-5005, fax 760-751-5003, email email@example.com, webpage, www.was.org).
Sources: 1. World Aquaculture Society Website. December 6, 2006. 2. Texas Aquaculture Association Website. December 6, 2006.
Tentative Program for the Bio-Floc Session
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At the World Aquaculture Society Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA (February 15, 2006), a special, all-day session brought people from around the world together to discuss bio-floc shrimp farming. They formed a working group within WAS to facilitate communications among interested parties, gave the technology its name--"bio-floc" aquaculture--and established a home for the group at the Agricultural Engineering Society's website (http://www.aesweb.org/starter.htm, click on Bio-Floc Workgroup in the left hand column).
Dr. Yoram Avnimelech has taken the lead in the bio-floc aquaculture movement. Yoram is head of the Sea of Galilee Water Shed Research Unit (Israel), Chief Scientist of the Israeli Ministry of the Environment, and Dean of the Department of Agricultural Engineering at Technion (the Israel Institute of Technology), where he holds the Samuel Gorney Chair. He has done consulting work in Israel, the United States, South America, Australia and Thailand and has been a visiting professor in various countries, including Belgium, the United States, Australia and the Netherlands. He has published more than a hundred papers in refereed journals, edited four books and trained many graduate students.
Yoram is putting together the program for the bio-floc session at the WAS meeting in San Antonio, Texas, USA, scheduled for Wednesday, February 28, 2007. Here's the tentative program. Both the morning and afternoon sessions will be followed by discussions.
Morning Session Chairman: Yoram Acnimelech
Management of Nitrogen Cycling and Microbial Populations in BioFloc-Based Aquaculture Systems (Peter Van Wyk and Yoram Avnimelech)
Roselien Crab Added Value of Microbial Life in Flocs (Willy Verstraete, P. De Schryver and Tom Defoirdt)
Fish Waste Management by Conversion into Heterotrophic Bacteria Biomass (Oliver Schneider, Vasiliki Sereti, E.H. Eding and Johan Verreth)
Impact of Carbon/Nitrogen Balance and Modeling of the Nitrogen Removal Processes in Microbial-Based Aquaculture Systems (James M. Ebeling and Michael B. Timmons)
Afternoon Session Chairman: Greg Boardman
Biological Treatment of Wastewaters to Generate Microbial Flocs for Shrimp Culture D.D. Kuhn, G.D. Boardman, S.R. Craig, E. McLean and G.J. Flick)
Utilization of Bacterial Floc Single Cell Proteins in Feeds for African Catfish and Tilapia (Eric De Muylder)
Effect of Solids Concentration on Performance of Indoor Bio-Floc Mesocosms (John A. Hargreaves and David Wong)
Algal/Bacterial Sedimentation, Degradation and Denitrification Rates in Suspended Culture Aquaculture Systems (David Brune)
Bio-Floc Dynamics in Super-intensive Shrimp Raceways: The Good the Bad and the Ugly (John Leffler, Heidi Atwood, Brad McAbee, Patrick Brown, Steve Morton, Susan Wilde and Craig Browdy)
Production of Marketable Size Penaeus vannamei in Greenhouse-Enclosed Raceways Operated with Limited Water Discharge (John J. Austin, Tzachi M. Samocha, Susmita Patnaik, Tim C. Morris and Yin Yiu)
Growth and welfare of nile tilapia oreochromis niloticus cultured in indoor tanks using activated suspension technique (AST) (M. Ekram Azim, David C. Little and Ben P. North)
Probiotic Effects of Bio-Floc Technology (Yoram Avnimelech and I. Bezerano)
Information: Yoram Avnimelech, Professor (Emeritus), Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Haifa, 32000 Israel (phone 972-3-7522406, fax 972-3-6131669, email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Information: John Cooksey, World Aquaculture Conference Management, P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 USA (phone 760-751-5005, fax 760-751-5003, email email@example.com, webpage www.was.org).
Source: Email and attachments from Yoram Avnimelech on November 8, 2006.
Feed Short Course
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For the two days (February 25-26, 2007) preceeding "Aquaculture 2007" (February 27 to March 2, 2007) in San Antonio, Texas, USA, a practical short course titled "Aquaculture Feed Extrusion, Nutrition and Feed Formulation" has been scheduled. It is a course for new feed mill personnel.
Attendees of the feed short course will receive a complimentary pass to the "Aquaculture 2007" Trade Show and can register for "Aquaculture 2007" at the World Aquaculture Society member rate.
Feed Short Course Program
Sunday, February 25, 2007
Current and Future Market Trends in Aquaculture Feed (Peter Coutteau)
Introduction to Extrusion Technology (Joseph Kearns)
Feed Preparation Technology (Christoph Naef)
Grinding Aquatic Feeds (Mark Heimann)
Feed Pelletization (Mark Heimann)
Drying Aquafeed (Tom Barber)
Feed Short Course Program
Monday, February 26, 2007
Latest Technologies in Absorption Coating by Vacuum (Josef W. Barbi)
Feed Coating and Micro Encapsulation (Jacques C. Wijnoogst)
Production of Feeds for Shrimp (Eric De Muylder)
Environmental Issues: Noise and Odor Control (Jacques C. Wijnoogst)
Applications of Soy Protein Concentrates in Aquafeed (Don Lindsey)
High Fat Extrusion for Aquafeed (Joseph Kearns)
Aquatic Feed Extrusion: Applications of Twin Screw Extruders (Joseph Kearns)
Aqua Feed Quality Control: Chemical and Microbiological Aspects (Els Vanden Berge)
New Extrusion Technology with Online Control of Product Density and Specific Mechanical Energy Input (Christoph Naef)
Aqua Feed Quality: Lipid Oxidation and Palatability (Fernando Valdez)
Aquaculture Feeds: Technologies and Products (Alain Brisset)
Utilization of Soybean Meal in Both Freshwater and Marine Fish Feed Development (Michael Cremer)
Hygienic Feed Preparation--HACCP and GMP (Fernando Valdez)
U.S. Soy Industry's Support to Global Aquaculture: Research and Field Oriented Projects (Michael Cremer)
Registration Fee: Before January 25, 2007, $795; after January 25, 2007, $895. Rate includes short course manuals, lunch and coffee breaks.
Information: Dr. Sefa Koseoglu, President, Extraction and Refining Program Filtration and Membrane World LLC, 603 Southwest Parkway, Unit 23 College Station, Texas 77840 USA (phone 979-764-8360, fax 979-694-7031, email firstname.lastname@example.org, webpage www.membraneworld.com).
Information: Dr. Ignace Debruyne, ID&A, Haverhuisstraat 28, B-8870 Izegem, Belgium (phone 32-(0)51-31-12-74, mobile 32-(0)476-46-07-98, fax 32-(0)51-31-56-75, email email@example.com).
Source: Aquafind. Aquafind Events Calendar (http://www.aquafind.com/info/calendar.php). 5th Practical Short Course on Aquaculture Feed Extrusion, Nutrition and Feed Formulation. Site visit on January 3, 2007.
Shrimp Farming in Texas--Map and Stats
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Estimate Farm-Raised Shrimp
Production in Texas in 2006*
43,400,000 15,969,386 702,229 38.80 185 Auswell Aqua Farm 17,216,116 7,199,470 348,873 41.82 84 Bowers Shrimp Farm 30,000,000 19,000,000 718,000 63.33 145 Bowers Valley Shrimp , Inc. 61,000,000 29,873,500 1,375,000 48.97 460 Harlingen Shrimp Farm 21,000,000 8,000,000 370,000 38.10 346 Junior Aquaculture Farm 18,000,000 8,424,000 312,000 46.80 72 Mengers & Sons Farm 70 0.1 Permian Sea Organics (estimate from 2005)** 1,000,000 700,000 20,000 70.00 20 Southern Star, Inc. 11,500,000 5,103,005 224,802 44.37 55 St. Martin's Seafood 51,400,000 21,851,292 890,673 42.51 220 TAES Flour Bluff (Bait Shrimp R&D) 945,000 320,000 7,000 33.86 2 Texas Seabreeze Shrimp Co. 2,400,000 1,003,579 42,000 41.82 12 Totals 257,861,116 117,444,232 5,010,647 45.55 1,601 * Source of Data: Dr. Ya-Sheng Juan, Texas Parks and Wildlife, Brownsville, Texas ** Permian Sea Organics' 2006 production could not be obtained, estimate not confirmed.
Information: Granvil Treece, Aquaculture Specialist, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 2700 Earl Rudder Freeway South, Suite 1800, College Station, Texas 77845 USA (phone 979-845-7527, fax 979-845-7525, email firstname.lastname@example.org, website http://texas-sea-grant.tamu.edu).
Texas Farm Leases Ponds
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On December 11, 2006, I chatted with Bing Hung, president of Southern Star, Inc., formerly Hung Shrimp Farms, who said, "We're developing the first privately owned industrial park for aquaculture in the United States."
Southern Star has 63 ten-acre ponds and 94 five-acre ponds that it leases to aquaculturists. Right now all the ten-acre ponds are leased, but more than 50 of the five-acre ponds are available. Southern Star supplies the pond, water and discharge permit; and the tenant supplies seedstock, feed, equipment and labor. Tenants also pay their own energy bills. Hung encourages commercial ventures, but says his ponds also provide a good place to test products (like feeds, probiotics and aeration equipment), to do research, or to just test an idea.
Shrimp News: Do you lease any other facilities?
Bing Hung: Yes, we have 16 concrete ponds measuring 50 feet by 65 feet by 4 feet deep and 12 concrete ponds measuring 75 feet by 100 feet by 5 feet deep. In addition to that, we have 40,800 square feet of greenhouse space with a concrete floor that can be used for hatcheries.
Shrimp News: What is the source of your water?
Bing Hung: The Arroyo Colorado River, only four nautical miles upstream from the hyper saline Laguna Madre Bay. Our average salinity is around 5 to 15 parts per thousand and the water is rich in algae.
Shrimp News: Is farm labor available?
Bing Hung: Yes, we can get unlimited labor from Mexico at an average rate of $5.15 an hour. The State of Texas might raise this to $6.00 an hour soon.
Shrimp News: Is shrimp feed available?
Bing Hung: Yes, four big feed companies, Nutrena, Burris, Rangen and Zeigler Brothers deliver weekly or daily.
Shrimp News: How long do the leases run?
Bing Hung: For at least three years, beginning in January and ending in December.
Shrimp News: How much do you charge for a one-year lease on a five-acre pond?
Bing Hung: $5,000, plus $1,000 for the water assessment fee (a fuel charge for pumping water).
Shrimp News: What are the advantages of your site?
Bing Hung: It's in southern Texas, which has one of the best climates for growing fish and shrimp in the United States. Shrimp can be grown from March through November and fish all year long. There are three shrimp processing plants within thirty minutes. We own a nearby shrimp hatchery. We also have a very important water discharge permit. It's difficult to get new discharge water permits in Texas, especially at our location. We have 200-acre wetland to recycle waste water; our tenants don't have to worry about any water discharge issues. We take care of that.
An entrepreneur can start with twelve ponds and expand pond by pond as his business grows. Other entrepreneurs on the farm are doing the same thing, and they all help each other out. Shrimp farming is part of the culture in this corner of the state, and we provide a place where that culture can flourish.
Shrimp News: Is your offer open to foreigners?
Bing Hung: Yes, we started out just serving Texas companies, now we have people coming in from other states and overseas.
Shrimp News: Will you be at the World Aquaculture Society Meeting in San Antonio, Texas, USA, in February 2007?
Bing Hung: Yes, and I will talk with anyone interested in leasing ponds. I also invite everyone to visit our farm, it's about a four to five hour drive from San Antonio.
Information: Bing Hung, Southern Star, Inc., 35518 Marshall Hutts Road, Rio Hondo, TX 78583 USA (phone 956-748-2333, mobile 956-266-5495, fax 956-748-3600, email email@example.com).
Source: Bing Hung. Interview by Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International. El Cajon, California. December 11, 2006.
Texas Farm Sells Shrimp Online
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Harlingen Shrimp Farms, Ltd., produced its first crop of shrimp in 1982. Its Bayview farm, one of five, is the oldest continuously operating shrimp farm in the United States.
Harlingen's operations are regulated by eight federal agencies, some of which use Harlingen as a model on how to do shrimp farming right.
If you have Google Earth, you can view the farm at latitude 26°--8'--56.76"--N; longitude 97°--18'--58.69"--W. The satellite image that you see was taken in the winter when the ponds were dry.
Here's the complete listing of Harlingen's "Texas Star" online shrimp products:
Harlingen's "Texas Star" Shrimp
Headless Frozen Shrimp IFQ Tails in Bags Size/Count Weight Regular Price Sale Price Shipping Weight 16/20 5 Pounds $33.60 $25.10 7.5 Pounds 21/25 2 Pounds $11.65 $9.30 3.7 Pounds 26/30 2 Pounds $10.00 Sold Out 3.7 Pounds 31/35 5 Pounds $22.00 $17.60 7.5 Pounds Block Tails in Boxes 10/15 5 Pounds $45.00 NA 9.5 Pounds 16/20 5 Pounds $32.35 $25.88 9.5 Pounds 21/25 5 Pounds $29.05 $23.25 9.5 Pounds 26/30 5 Pounds $25.00 $20.00 9.5 Pounds 31/35 5 Pounds $23.85 $19.05 9.5 Pounds 36/40 5 Pounds $20.10 NA 9.5 Pounds Head -On Frozen Shrimp Frozen Blocks 13/15 4 Pounds $18.60 NA 7.85 Pounds 16/18 4 Pounds $15.40 NA 7.85 Pounds 19/21 4 Pounds $12.99 NA 7.85 Pounds IQF Boxes 10/15 40 Pounds $150.00 NA 55 Pounds 16/20 40 Pounds $105.00 NA 55 Pounds Notes: Prices November 2006, subject to change. Mimimum online order 20 pounds. Several shipping options. Call or email for information on international shipments.
I purchased five pounds of Harlingen's 16/20s for $25.10, plus $36.98 for over-night shipping, which worked out to about $12 a pound. They were top quality.
Information: Fritz Jaenike, Harlingen Shrimp Farms, Ltd., 44099 Schafer Road, Los Fresnos, Texas 78566 USA (phone 956-233-5723, email firstname.lastname@example.org, website http://harlingenshrimp.com).
Sources: 1. Harlingen Shrimp Farms, Ltd. Website visit (http://harlingenshrimp.com) on November 10, 2006. 2. Telephone conversation with Brent Burkott, web administrator at Harlingen, on November 14, 2006. 3. Google Earth on November 6, 2006.
The History of Shrimp Farming in West Texas
By Granvil Treece
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At one time, six shrimp farms in West Texas with almost 200 acres of ponds contributed significantly to the state's overall production of farm-raised shrimp. The challenge of operating in such a remote area, however, took its toll, and today only one farm remains.
In 1972, two Ward County, Texas, gravel pit operators, Hal Brown and Dean Phipps, asked the local county agent to help them explore the possibility of using saline ground water for aquaculture in some of their gravel pits.
In 1973 County Extension Agent Johnny Harris, with the assistance of Dr. James Davis and Dr. Jack Parker of Texas A&M University (both retired), stocked some shrimp in West Texas.
Early experiments were crude and little data were obtained-- other than survival rates, which indicated the biological feasibility of shrimp cultivation in West Texas.
Stocking continued and gradually a body of information was accumulated that supported commercial shrimp farming in West Texas.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s Vernon Holcomb, Jack Parker (not the Jack Parker mentioned above) and Charlie McKaskle all tried pilot-scale shrimp farms in West Texas. Holcomb's farm was in Stanton; Parker's in Crockett County near Iraan; and McKaskle's in Martin County. McKaskle produced commercial crops of shrimp in 1989 (810 pounds per acre) and 1990 (2,166 pounds per acre). The 1990 crop was from 4.2 acres of ponds, which yielded 9,100 pounds of shrimp. The farms closed for different reasons. Holcomb's aquifer dried up during a drought year. Parker's farm produced an average of 1,068 pounds per acre in 1989, but could not get viable seedstock the following year and the bank took the farm.
In 1991, Durwood Dugger conducted a feasibility study for the Pecos County Water District No. 3 entitled "The Feasibility of Aquaculture in Pecos County and Far West Texas".
In July 1992, Texas A&M University (TAMU), the Texas General Land Office, and Pecos County Water District No. 3 jointly opened a R&D Center in Imperial, Texas. Redfish and shrimp were grown at a pilot facility consisting of six, one-acre ponds. The R&D facility had some problems sealing its ponds the first year, but produced 1,140 pounds of shrimp. This pilot helped pave the way for a commercial group (Triton) from Florida to try shrimp farming in West Texas. In 1993 and 1994, Triton produced commercial crops of shrimp, but decided to sell the farm. C.E. Selinger of Odessa and a group from India purchased the farm from Triton and reopened it as Pecos River Aquaculture in 2001. Currently, the farm is leased, but not in production.
Production averages from the various farms in West Texas ranged from 3,000 to 4,500 pounds per acre. The highest production was with the Super Shrimp (Litopenaeus stylirostris) in 1996 at the Regal Farm, where 6,000 pounds per acre were produced.
The aquifer used by shrimp farms in the Imperial area is the Cenozoic Alluvium, water remaining from the Permian Sea. Salinity varies from 10 parts per thousand to 15 ppt. There are no fresh water zones in the area, and no discharge water leaves any farm. The water is too salty for agricultural uses. Red clay soils can be found in the area for lining ponds.
Bart Reid and Permian Sea Organics
Over the years, Bart Reid has played a pioneering role in West Texas shrimp farming, and today his farm in Imperial, Permian Sea Organics (formerly Permian Sea Shrimp Company), is the last of the shrimp farms. Reid has 64 surface acres of ponds, filled with a combination of tap and irrigation water from Pecos County Water District #3 and water from the aquifer. He is one of two shrimp farms in the USA that can sell USDA Certified Organic Shrimp.
In 2005, Reid stocked 20 acres and produced 20,000 pounds of shrimp. He stocked at low densities and raised the shrimp organically, feeding only 24 thousand pounds of feed, while the shrimp utilized the natural productivity in the ponds for additional nutrition. The survival for the 2005 crop was 70%.
Reid avoids chemicals and antibiotics, does not crowd his shrimp and uses organic feed. Marty Mesh, executive director of Florida Organic Growers (FOG) in Gainesville, Florida, said FOG certified the farm as "USDA Organic" because Reid followed all the rules. Reid thinks the "organic" label will help his products compete with the foreign shrimp flooding into the United States from Asia and Latin America. He says he can charge $5 a pound wholesale for his organic shrimp, compared with $2 for conventional shrimp.
Groundwater quantities are still unknown in West Texas and are a source of uncertainty to any operating farm. However, marketing the shrimp appears to be the biggest uncertainty and one of the biggest challenges. Some of the shrimp can be sold fresh at harvest to local markets, but that market is easily saturated. The organic certification of the shrimp opens up new markets as far away as California. Reid also sells his shrimp over the Internet or directly from his shrimp store and restaurant in Imperial.
If you have Google Earth (free, but you must download it from Google's website) installed on your computer, you can view Permian Sea Organics at latitude 31°, 16', 16.93" N; longitude 102°, 40', 48.35"W.
Information: For a list of West Texas saline groundwater references, contact Granvil Treece, Aquaculture Specialist, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 2700 Earl Rudder Freeway South, Suite 1800, College Station, Texas 77845 USA (phone 979-845-7527, fax 979-845-7525, email email@example.com, website http://texas-sea-grant.tamu.edu).
Source: Texas Aquaculture Association Website (http://www.texasaquaculture.org/index.html). Update on Inland Shrimp Farming in West Texas (http://www.texasaquaculture.org/id227.htm). Granvil Treece. Site visit on September 13, 2006.
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Company Country BoothNumber ProductService Acqua & Co. Srl ITALY 120, 122 Aeration Equipment Advanced BioNutrition Corp. USA 718 Feeds and Health Products Aeration Industries International, Inc. USA 219 Aeration Systems Aerway Manufacturing Company USA 129 Air-O-Lator Corporation USA 314 Floating Surface Aerators AirTree Ozone Technology Co. TAIWAN 102 Water Treatment Systems Alchem Industries CANADA 641 Fiberglass Aquaculture Equipment Alicorp S.A.A. PERU 114, 116 Aquaculture Feeds Alltech Inc. USA 223, 225, 324, 326 Feed Additives American Tilapia Association USA 142b Association aOvaTechnologies, Inc. USA 424 Feed, Research AQ1 Systems Pty Ltd AUSTRALIA 625 Feeds & Nutrition Aqua Bounty Technologies USA 312 Diagnostic Kits Aqua Logic, Inc USA 103 Water Chillers Aquacenter, Inc. USA 719 Aquaculture Supplies Aquacultural Engineering Society USA 347 Association Aquaculture Engineering Group, Inc. USA 240 Aquaculture Magazine USA 643 Publication Aquaculture Systems Technologies, LLC USA 507, 509 Filters, Pumps Aquafauna Bio-Marine, Inc. USA 125 Hatchery Feeds & Supplies Aqualine AS NORWAY 619, 621 Sea Cages AquaMaof Technnologies Ltd. ISRAEL 642 Aquaneering, Inc. USA 419, 421 Equipment, Tanks Aquatic Eco-Systems, Inc. USA 203, 205, 302, 304 Equipment Catalog Company Aquatic Health Resources, LLC USA 215, 217 Fish Vaccines Aquavan Technology Inc. TAIWAN 137 AREA USA 402, 404, 406 Aeration Equipment Armada Systems, Inc. USA 107 Net Cleaning Systems Artemia International LLC USA 704 Feeds, Supplies, Services Atlantium Technologies Ltd. ISRAEL 541 Water Treatment Bentoli AgriNutrition Inc. USA 524, 526 Feed Additives BIOMIN USA 440 Probiotics, Feed Ingredients Biscayne Aquaculture USA 417 Blackwell Publishing USA 321 Publications Campbell Scientific, Inc. USA 706 Water Quality Monitors Cargill Animal Nutrition USA 517, 519, 521,
616, 618, 620
Nutritional Services & Feeding Programs Carlisle SynTec Incorporated USA 106 CLEPCO / Cleveland Process Corp. USA 105 Immersion Heaters Colorado Lining International USA 414 Geosynthetic Products Colorite Plastics USA 131 Aeration Systems Conforma Clad Inc. USA 525 Feed Preocessing Equipment CPM Roskamp Champion USA 104 D & T Fiberglass Inc. USA 546 Fiberglass Tanks Dae Yang Air Stone Ind., Co. KOREA 730 Air Stones Delstar Technologies, Inc USA 412 Plastic Netting Delta Hydronics, Inc. USA 341 Water Heating/Cooling Systems Diamond V Mills USA 714 Yeast Culture Products DSM Dyneema USA 540 Net and Rope Fiber DSM Nutritional Products USA 527 Nutrition and Health Products E.S.E. & INTEC (Midland Companies) USA 134 Feed & Process Equipment Eagar, Inc USA 313 Fisheries Supplies Elsevier USA 443 Emperor Aquatics, Inc. USA 514 Water Filters, Sterilizers Environmental Technologies, Inc. - ETI USA 128 Pumps & Feed Systems Epicore Bionetworks Inc. USA 207 Biological products Ewing Irrigation & Industrial Products USA 510 Feed Pumps, Tanks, etc. Extru-Tech, Inc. USA 711 Equipment for Feed FeedMed Ltd. USA 346 Feed Additives Firestone Specialty Products USA 738 Synthetic Rubber Liners Fish Farming International ENGLAND 624 International Monthly Publication Fish Farming News USA 325 Publication Forestry Suppliers, Inc. USA 626 Water Instruments Fresh-flo Corporation USA 607 Aerators, Graders Fybroc Division USA 703 Centrifugal Pumps Global Aquaculture Alliance USA 247 Association Griffin Industries, Inc. USA 213 Feed Ingredients GSE Lining Technology, Inc. USA 615 Liquid Containment Systems GTC Nutrition USA 726 H. M. Johnson & Associates USA 349 Market Research Services Hach Environmental USA 442 Water Analysis Equipment Hatchery International CANADA 425 Publication HDR|FishPro USA 716 Professional Services House Manufacturing Company, Inc. USA 211 Aerators IDC Westinghouse USA 441 Outdoor Lighting IMCOPA BRAZIL 736 In-Situ Inc. USA 315 Water Monitoring Equipment Integrator Aqua Systems, Inc. USA 112 Oxygen Monitoring & Control Systems Intermas Nets SA SPAIN 627 Extruded Nets International Business Wales UK 115, 117, 119, 121, 214, 216, 218, 220 Trade Organization International Filter Solutions USA 411, 413 Filters International Ingredient Corporation USA 204 Ingredients for Feed InterNet, Inc. USA 713 Plastic Netting INVE Aquaculture, Inc. USA 603, 605 Feeds and Nutrition ITT Advanced Water Treatment-Royce Technologies USA 725 Dissolved Oxygen Monitors Kasco Marine, Inc. USA 317 Aeration Equipment Keeton Industries USA 303, 305 Water Systems, Filters Magic Valley Heli-Arc & Mfg. USA 420 Pumps, Tanks, Equipment Maine Aquaculture Association USA 640 Association Marine Biotech, Inc. USA 426 Aquatic Research Systems MariSource USA 307 Vertical Incubators Melick Aquafeed, Inc. USA 708 Aquaculture Feeds Museum Apparel USA 547, 549 Promotional Apparel Nanrong (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. CHINA 542 Equipment & Machinery National Aquaculture Association USA 136, 138, 140, 142 Association Nelson & Sons, Inc. / Silver Cup Feeds USA 723 Aquaculture Feeds Northwest Marine Technology, Inc. USA 320 Marking & Tagging Nutricil São Pedro Agro Industrial Ltda. BRAZIL 108 Shrimp Feeds Oceanic Institute USA 118 Research & Consulting Octaform Systems Inc. CANADA 733 PVC Systems Omega Protein, Inc. USA 318 Feed Supplements Pacific Ozone Technology USA 343 Ozone & Oxygen Generators Panorama Acuícola Magazine MEXICO 143 Publication Parkway Research div. of Brandt Consolidated USA 206 Lake & Pond Dye Pilot Company Limited TAIWAN 208 Aquaculture Machinery Point Four Systems, Inc. CANADA 512 Aeration/Oxygenation Equipment PolyTank Inc. USA 520 Tanks Poultry Protein & Fat Council USA 617 Poultry Products PRAqua Group Ltd. CANADA 717 Design & Engineering Group PRILABSA International USA 728 Artemia, Feeds & Equipment Process Technology USA 513 Immersion Heating Equipment Promens USA 720 Storage Containers R & B Aquatic Distribution, Inc. USA 503, 505, 602, 604 Water Quality Control Rangen, Inc. USA 610 Aquaculture Feeds Red Ewald, Inc. USA 503a, 505a, 602a, 604a Fiberglass Products, Tanks Reed Mariculture USA 306 Aquaculture Feeds Reef Industries, Inc. USA 309 Liners RK2 Systems Inc USA 202 Filters, Generators, Pumps Salt Creek Inc. USA 408 Feeds for Aquaculture Schering-Plough Corporation USA 224, 226 Pharmaceutical - Vaccines Seabait Limited UK 702 Maturation Feeds & Fishing Baits Signal Corporation TAIWAN 125a Probiotics, Aerator, Turnkey Service Skretting CANADA 109 Nutrition and Services Smith-Root, Inc. USA 132 Products, Services, Equipment Sort-Rite International USA 319 Shrimp Processing Striped Bass Growers Association USA 142c Association Syndel Laboratories Ltd. CANADA 612a Fish Reproduction Technology Tanaka Sanjiro Company, Ltd. JAPAN 221 Tanks, Heaters, Meters Taylor & Francis Group UK 209 Publisher Ten Cate USA 427 Containment Netting Texas Hunter Products USA 124 The ROAN Group, Inc. USA 609 Health Products Therion International, LLC USA 606 DNA-based Testing Service Toshi Pump Co., Ltd. KOREA 732 Diaphragm Air Pumps U.S. Soybean Export Council USA 721 Trade Organization U.S. Trout Farmers Association USA 142a Association Uniscope, Inc. USA 308 Pelleting Agents United-Tech, Inc. USA 110 Bacteria & Enzyme Formulas USDA / National Agricultural Statistics USA 139 Publisher of Agricultural Statistics Vertex Water Features USA 310 Aeration Systems Water Garden Gems USA 415 Filters, Pumps, Plants Water Management Technologies Inc. USA 705, 707 Microscreens, Feeders, Oxygen Injection Waterco/Baker Hydro Div. USA 239, 241, 340, 342 Filtration Equipment Wenger Manufacturing, Inc. USA 543 Equipment for Feed Mfg. Western Chemical / Syndel USA 612 Drug Manufacture Wisconsin Flowgate & Culvert Co Inc USA 311 Water Control Structures Wofford Electric & Pump Supply USA 608 Wholesale Electrical Distributor YSI, Inc. USA 416, 418 Water Monitoring Equipment Yunker Plastics, Inc. USA 724 Fabrics, Liners, Covers Zeigler Bros., Inc. USA 130 Feeds