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July 14, 2013

Indonesia

Global Gen, Broodstock and OIE

 

On January 25, 1924, the Office of International des Epizooties (OIE) was created to fight animal diseases at the global level.  In May 2003, its name was changed to the World Organization for Animal Health, but it continues to use the historical acronym “OIE”.   The World Trade Organization recognizes OIE as the reference organization on global animal diseases.  In 2013, OIE had 178 member countries, and it maintains permanent relations with 45 other international and regional organizations.  With regional and sub-regional offices on every continent, OIE’s day-to-day operations are managed at its headquarters in Paris, France (address below).

 

Jeff Prochaska, program manager at PT Bibit Unggul (Global Gen), a shrimp broodstock producer, reports:

 

The Global Gen Penaeus vannamei breeding and broodstock production program’s self-declaration of SPF status has been published in the OIE Bulletin.  I believe this is a first for a shrimp broodstock company and possibly a first for any aquaculture company or program.

 

In accordance with OIE guidelines, Global Gen has made a big effort to clarify and establish regional requirements for declaring and recognizing the SPF status of broodstock and for standardizing the requirements for broodstock trade between countries.  Global Gen facilitated discussion between authorities in Indonesia and Vietnam that led to the establishment of an agreement regarding the movement of shrimp broodstock between the two countries.

 

We hope to create cooperation between all Asian OIE representatives and to establish a regional SPF broodstock certification process and agreement that would standardize practices for broodstock movement.  That agreement should include:

 

• A list of problematic diseases

• Standardized PCR methods

• Certification protocols for broodstock producers

• Formats for health certification

• Quarantine procedures

 

We were unable to organize such a meeting between all representatives, but we created interest in the concept, and we signed an agreement with Vietnam.

 

I believe that publication of Global Gen’s self-declaration of disease status in the OIE Bulletin will help draw attention to the potential benefits from and need for a more official and standardized approach to broodstock movement and health surveillance techniques.

 

 

Excerpts from Global Gen’s Self-Declaration in the OIE Bulletin

 

Background Information: Global Gen is a Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus [Litopenaeus] vannamei) shrimp-breeding and broodstock production company located on the island of Lombok in Indonesia.  These breeding and broodstock multiplication centers consist of newly constructed facilities at two sites approximately 12 kilometers from each other.

 

Surveillance program: In compliance with the OIE’s Aquatic Code, Global Gen established its selective breeding and broodstock multiplication program in 2007 by putting biosecurity measures into place.  In 2008, a pathogen-surveillance program was initiated, and twice yearly health screenings were initiated with the University of Arizona, the OIE Reference Laboratory for penaeid shrimp diseases.  In accordance with the OIE Aquatic Manual, broodstock were checked for hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV) and necrotizing hepatopancreatitis (NHP) using published, peer-reviewed methods like polymerase chain reaction (PCR).  In addition, all PCR tests were negative for whitespot disease, infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus, monodon baculovirus, HPV, baculovirus penaei, NHP, infectious myonecrosis virus, yellowhead virus and Taura syndrome virus.

 

In 2010, the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia officially recognized P. vannamei shrimp produced by Global Gen as a “new variety” fit for export and free of nine specific OIE-listed or regionally important penaeid shrimp pathogens.  In 2010, 2011 and 2012, Global Gen’s breeding and broodstock multiplication facilities were inspected by Indonesia’s delegate to OIE and certified as meeting the biosecurity requirements set by the government of Indonesia as being specific pathogen free for nine OIE-listed or regionally important pathogens of penaeid shrimp.

 

Global Gen is an approved P. vannamei broodstock supplier to the Philippines, Vietnam and Malaysia.  Competent authorities in Indonesia have agreed to cooperate with competent authorities in those countries to import Global Gen’s live shrimp broodstock.  Based on OIE guidelines, Global Gen initiated and organized a meeting and discussion with the competent authorities in Indonesia and Vietnam that resulted in an agreement between the two countries on health screening, quarantine and health certification requirements for the export of P. vannamei shrimp from Indonesia to Vietnam.  Consequently, the Vietnamese competent authorities have officially approved Global Gen as a supplier of P. vannamei shrimp.

 

Global Gen, in accordance with OIE guidelines, is initiating discussion between competent authorities in other Asian countries in the hope of establishing regional cooperation over procedures for the recognition of disease-free status and facilitating international trade in live shrimp.

 

In preparation for its self-declaration of freedom from disease, Global Gen’s broodstock facilities were audited by the University of Arizona’s Dr. Donald Lightner and were found to meet “basic biosecurity conditions” as defined by OIE’s Aquatic Code.

 

A dossier with supporting documents for this self-declaration of freedom from disease is available from Global Gen (address below) on request.  The dossier includes:

 

• Documents detailing Global Gen’s biosecurity plan

• Information on Global Gen’s standard operating procedures

• Reports about Global Gen from OIE’s reference laboratory

• Inspection certificates from the Indonesian delegate to OIE

• Agreements between Indonesia the Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam

• A report on a biosecurity audit

 

Information: World Organization for Animal Health, 12, rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France (phone 33-0-1-44-15-18-88, fax 33-0-1-42-67-09-87, email oie@oie.int, webpage www.oie.int).

 

Information: Jeff Prochaska, Program Manager (phone +62-021-70796811, cell +62-081-917312525, email jeff.prochaska@gmail.com) and Leonardo Tiro, Production Director (phone +62-21-70796812, cell +62-81-808047757, email lbtirojr@yahoo.com), PT Bibit Unggul (Global Gen), Nucleus Breeding Center and Broodstock Multiplication Center, Jalan Raya Narogong Km 14, Desa Cikiwul Bantar Gebang Bekasi, 17310 Indonesia.

 

Source: 1. Email to Shrimp News International from Jeff Prochaska.  Subject: OIE Publication of Global Gen Self-Declaration of SPF Status.  July 13, 2013.  2. OIE Bulletin.  Progress in Technology.  Compartmentalization: Self-Declaration from the Production Company PT Bibit Unggul (Global Gen) of Freedom from Nine OIE-Listed or Regionally Important Penaeid Shrimp (Crustacean) Pathogens.  No. 20123-2.  Reference A211-2.  Page 64.  No Date, Received July 13, 2013.

 

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