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India

A Revival of Native Shrimp Broodstock

 

   

 

Reviving the native species, Penaeus indicus, is crucial for the long-term sustainability of shrimp farming in India, which currently depends on P. vannamei broodstock imported from the United States.

 

K.K. Vijayan, director of the Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA), said a detailed project report had been submitted to the Department of Animal Husbandry, Diary and Fisheries seeking financial assistance to popularize the Indian white shrimp as the first step towards a flagship program to undertake genetic improvement and ensure the future of the Indian shrimp farming industry through the supply of domesticated and selectively bred SPF/SPR (specific pathogen free/specific pathogen resistant) Indian white shrimp broodstock.

 

“A culture demonstration program was initiated by CIBA in 2014, with funding from National Fisheries Development Board, to investigate the performance potential of indigenous Indian white shrimp.  This was carried out in six coastal States (Odisha, West Bengal, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat).  Initial demonstrations and evaluation trials proved this species could be an ideal indigenous/native to compliment Penaeus vannamei,” Vijayan said, adding that a second phase of the project has been proposed.

 

In the second phase of the project, three hatcheries, including the OSSPARC hatchery in the state of Odisha and two hatcheries in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, or Gujarat, will be selected for the broodstock project.  Demonstration projects will be set up to show that four to eight tons of Indian white shrimp can be produced per hectare per year.

 

Source: The New Indian Express.  Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture to Begin Revival of Native Shrimp.  S.V. Krishna Chaitanya.  June 27, 2017.