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India

Farmed Shrimp Production

 

   

 

Indian exports $3.1 billion worth of farmed shrimp a year.

 

Most production, 65 percent, is in the state of Andhra Pradesh, followed by the states of West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Odisha.  Giant tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) are farmed in the states of West Bengal, Odisha and Kerala, while the white shrimp (P. vannamei) are preferred in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.

 

   

 

Although most of India’s farmed shrimp production is exported, its broodstock is imported.  According to industry sources, India imports specific-pathogen-free (SPF) white shrimp broodstock from USA, Indonesia, Thailand and Singapore; however, the USA is the dominant exporter of broodstock to India with sales reaching $10.8 million in 2015, representing 98 percent of Indian’s broodstock imports.  In addition, India imported $15.44 million worth of brine shrimp cysts in 2015, 97 percent of them from the USA, which are hatched and used as live feeds for larval shrimp.

 

   

 

India’s Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture has enriched a consortium of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria that are used to manage toxic nitrogenous compounds in brackish water shrimp ponds.  One of them, CIBAMOX, a probiotic, was developed from brackish water ecosystems in India.  It has been tested in 27 ponds in the Surat and Navsari districts of Gujarat, in 15 ponds in the Nellore and Bhimavaram districts of Andhra Pradesh and in 40 ponds in the Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu.  Regular application of it at a rate of three liters per hectare every ten days from the 45th day of culture till harvest restricts the levels of ammonia in ponds below the maximum permissible limits.

 

Source: BW BusinessWorld.  India May Retain Rs 20k Crore Shrimp Production Market by Bio-Remediation - ICAR Suggests Remedy.  Prabodh Krishna.  September 7, 2017.

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