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April 11, 2013

 

India

Produces First SPF Vannamei Broodstock

 

In India, for the first time, researchers at the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (RGCA), in collaboration with researchers from the USA-based Oceanic Institute, an affiliate of Hawaii Pacific University, have developed specific pathogen free (SPF) Penaeus vannamei broodstock.  Generally, SPF P. vannamei broodstock are easier to spawn than pond-raised broodstock, and their offspring are diseases resistant and have higher survival rates.  Over a six to eight-month period, specific pathogen free postlarvae imported from the Oceanic Institute were grown at RGCA’s facilities to 40-gram broodstock.

 

An official release said: “The first batch of around 20,000 high-quality, SPF broodstock produced at a RGCA facility in Visakhapatnam is ready to supply approved shrimp hatcheries at half the price of imported stock.”

 

Currently, Indian shrimp hatcheries import P. vannamei broodstock from the USA, Thailand and Singapore.  They pay high shipping costs, and many animals die during transit.  The average cost of broodstock when it reaches the hatchery is estimated at $91, which encourages some hatcheries to source broodstock from local ponds, a practice that ultimately results in the production of poor quality seedstock and subsequent crop losses.

 

About 80% of India’s shrimp farms are small, ranging in size from 0.5 to 5 hectares.

 

Utilizing about 10,000 hectares of ponds producing two crops a year, government sources said the SPF broodstock will help Indian farmers produce an additional 135,000 metric tons of shrimp a year.  Worth over $700 million in the export market, the new production will increase India’s annual shrimp exports from approximately $1.75 to $2.5 billion a year.

 

Information: Dr. E.G. Silas, Chairman, Scientific Advisory Committee, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture, Indian Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MPEDA), 3/197 Poompuhar Road, Karaimedu Village, Sattanathapuram Post Office, Nagapattinam District, Sirkali Taluk609109, Tamil Nadu, India (phone +91 4364-265200, emails rgcaho@gmail.com and engg.rgca@gmail.com, webpage http://www.mpeda.com/tender/phase2.pdf).

 

Sources: 1. The Hindu/Business Line.  Specific Pathogen Free Shrimp Developed.  April 10, 2013.  2. Indigenus (a blog from Nature India).  Indigenous Shrimp Broodstock to Boost Exports.  Subhra Priyadarshini.  April 10, 2013.  3. India (Education Diary.com).  Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture Produces Specific Pathogen free L. Vannamei Broodstock for the First Time in India.  April 11, 2013.

 

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