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Free Copy of the Proceedings of a Conference
on Spiny Lobster Farming


Published by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Spiny Lobster Aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific Region is the 162-page proceedings of an international conference held in Nha Trang, Vietnam, on December 9–10, 2008.  Click on the link at the end of this page to get a free copy of the proceedings.


In addition to papers contributed by leading lobster researchers in the Asia–Pacific region, the proceedings contains 16 papers that report the results of research carried out in a four-year ACIAR lobster aquaculture project involving six agencies from Australia, Vietnam and Indonesia.


The papers focus on:


• Sustainable lobster aquaculture

• Improving lobster nursery culture

• Lobster growout culture systems

• Lobster growout feeds and feeding practices





In the forward to the proceedings, Nick Austin, Chief Executive Officer at ACIAR, provides some background information on the spiny lobster farming project:


In July 2004, the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) sponsored a workshop in Nha Trang, Vietnam, as a forum to gather information on the use of lobsters in the South China Sea and the measures that should be taken for sustainable exploitation of lobster stocks in the region.  At that time, the lobster aquaculture industry in Vietnam was rapidly expanding, with an annual production of marketed lobsters in excess of 2,000 tons and a farm-gate value of around $60 million.  There was concern that the uninhibited capture of wild juvenile lobsters for farming would lead to the collapse of the wild lobster fishery.  Concerns also arose over feeding low-value fish to lobsters and about pollution from the lobster farms.


In 2005, ACIAR organized a collaborative project involving several institutions in Australia and Vietnam to address some of these concerns.  The project team was expanded in 2008 to include researchers in Indonesia so that lobster aquaculture development in eastern Indonesia could be fast-tracked.


The primary focus of the project was to enhance the sustainable production of tropical spiny lobster in Vietnam (and subsequently in Indonesia) and to develop the technology that would facilitate commercial establishment of spiny lobster aquaculture in Australia.  This was achieved by documenting the level of exploitation of lobster seed for aquaculture use in Vietnam, reducing immediate post-capture losses of lobster seed, and developing husbandry practices for lobster growout in Vietnam and Australia.  The development of land-based lobster culture systems, pelleted feeds and the transfer of this technology to Indonesia were also key project activities.




In order to rapidly and widely disseminate the research findings arising from the ACIAR lobster project, an international symposium on spiny lobster aquaculture was held at Nha Trang, Vietnam, on December 9–10, 2008.  A broad range of people attended the conference, which had participants from Australia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, the Philippines and Vietnam.  The proceedings of the conference detail the rapid advances that are being made in the pursuit of the best practices for sustainable lobster aquaculture development.



Table of Contents


Session 1

Sustainable Lobster Aquaculture


Measuring the carapace length of a pre-settlement Panulirus ornatus seed
lobster that was caught by seine net


Lobster Seacage Culture in Vietnam (Lai Van Hung and Le Anh Tuan)


Potential of Seacage Culture of Panulirus ornatus in Australia (Matt Kenway, Matt Salmon, Greg Smith and Mike Hall)


Potential for Co-Management of Lobster Seacage Culture: A Case Study in Lombok, Indonesia (Reza Shah Pahlevi)


Spiny Lobster Resources and Opportunity for Culture in Post-Tsunami, Aceh, Indonesia (Alexander Tewfik, David Mills and Dedi Adhuri)


Contributions to the Life-History Study of the Palinuridae of the Southwest Lagoon 35 of New Caledonia (Emmanuel Coutures)


Lobster Aquaculture Industry in Eastern Indonesia: Present Status and Prospects (Bayu Priyambodo and Sarifin)


The Potential for Harvesting the Seed of Panulirus argus, the Caribbean Spiny Lobster (Andrew Jeffs and Megan Davis)


Census of Lobster Seed Captured from the Central Coastal Waters of Vietnam for 52 Aquaculture Growout, 2005–2008 (Nguyen Van Long and Dao Tan Hoc)


Improving Environmental Quality for Panulirus ornatus Lobster Aquaculture in Van Phong Bay, Vietnam, by Combined Culture with Perna viridis Mussels (Le Thi Vinh and Le Lan Huong)



Session 2

Improving Lobster Nursery Culture


Floating lobster cages in Van Phong Bay, Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam


Effect of Stocking Density, Holding and Transport on Subsequent Growth and Survival of Recently Caught Panulirus ornatus Seed Lobsters (Nguyen Thi Bich Ngoc, Nguyen Thi Bich Thuy and Nguyen Ngoc Ha)


Effect of Environmental Conditions During Holding and Transport on Survival of Panulirus ornatus Juveniles (Nguyen Thi Bich Thuy, Nguyen Ngoc Ha and Duong Van Danh)


Effect of Different Types of Shelter on Growth and Survival of Panulirus ornatus Juveniles (Nguyen Minh Chau, Nguyen Thi Bich Ngoc and Le Thi Nhan)


Comparison of the Growth and Survival of Panulirus ornatus Seed Lobsters Held in Individual or Communal Cages (Simon J. Irvin and Kevin C. Williams)



Session 3

Lobster Growout Culture Systems


Dr. Clive Jones, Queensland Department of Primary Industries
and Fisheries, examining subadult
Panulirus ornatus
on a lobster farm in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam


Requirements for the Aquaculture of Panulirus ornatus in Australia (Clive Jones and Scott Shanks)


Comparison of the Biological, Environmental and Economic Efficiency Seacage Culture of Panulirus ornatus Lobsters Using Different Practical Diets (Le Anh Tuan and Lai Van Hung)



Session 4

Lobster Growout Feeds and Feeding Practices


Floating lobster sea cage at Xuan Tu village, Van Phong Bay,
Van Ninh district, Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam


Culture of Panulirus ornatus Lobsters Fed Fish By-Catch or Co-Cultured Perna viridis Mussels in Seacages in Vietnam (Do Huu Hoang, Huynh Minh Sang, Nguyen Trung Kien and Nguyen Thi Kim Bich)


Effect of Trash Fish Species and Vitamin Supplementation on Productivity of Panulirus ornatus Juveniles Fed Moist Diets (Le Anh Tuan and Nguyen Dinh Mao)


Nutritional Requirements of Juvenile Panulirus ornatus Lobsters (Kevin C. Williams)


Panulirus ornatus Lobster Feed Development: From Trash Fish To Formulated Feeds (Simon J. Irvin and Kevin C. Williams)


Optimizing the Physical Form and Dimensions of Feed Pellets for Tropical Spiny Lobsters (David M. Smith, Simon J. Irvin and David Mann)


Free Copy of Proceedings


Information: ACIAR publications are free at the ACIAR website http://www.aciar.gov.au.  They are also available for purchase either directly from the ACIAR website or by contacting National Mailing and Marketing, P.O. Box 7077, Canberra BC ACT 2610, Australia (phone +61 2 6269 1055, email aciar@nationalmailing.com.au).


Complimentary hard copies are available to developing-country researchers and institutions involved in agriculture in ACIAR’s operating area.  For a free copy, fill out the online request form or contact ACIAR’s Communications Unit at comms@aciar.gov.au.


Source: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.  Spiny Lobster Aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific Region.  ACIAR Proceedings No.132.  Editor, K.C. Williams.  November 2009. 2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, April 23, 2010.

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