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Progress of Shrimp and Prawn Aquaculture in the World

Edited by I Chiu Liao, Nai-Hsien Chao and Eduardo M. Leaño


Progress of Shrimp and Prawn Aquaculture in the World, published in January 2016 and edited by I Chiu Liao (Email, Taiwan), Nai-Hsien Chao (Taiwan) and Eduardo M. Leaño (Thailand), the book ($50) contains:


445 Pages

18 Chapters

177 References

42 Color Pictures of Shrimp Dishes

Dozens of Charts, Tables and Color and Black and White Photos

Dorsal and Lateral Color Pictures of 12 Penaeus Species

Dorsal and Lateral Color Pictures of 4 Metapenaeus Species

Dorsal Color Pictures of Panulirus Species (spiny lobsters)



Table of Contents/Chapters


1. The Dawn of Decapod Crustacean Propagation and Cultivation in Japan with Special Reference to the Contribution by Drs. Kishinouye, Hudinaga and Kittaka (Y. Hayakawa).


2.  Overview and Future Scope of Kuruma-ebi, Penaeus (Marsupenaeus) japonicus, Cultivation in Japan (K. Shigeno).



3. History and Pioneers in Commercial Shrimp Culture in the Americas (A. Li and H. Persyn).


4. Development of Shrimp Culture Techniques and Facilities in Taiwan (C-Z. Shyu, I C. Liao, K.F. Tseng, S. Chen and Y.N Chu).


5. Domestication and Globalization of Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) Penaeus vannamei(J. Wyban).


6. The Past, Present, and Future R&D Prospect of Shrimp Culture in Mainland China (J. Xiang, F. Li and X. Zhang).


7. From Wild to Domestication - the Development of Chinese Shrimp Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) chinensis Farming Industry in China (Q. Wang).


8. Shrimp Industry in Vietnam (T.N. Hai, T.H. Minh, T.Q. Phu and N.T. Phuong).


9. Shrimp Farming in the Philippines (W. G. Yap).


10. Shrimp Farming in India–History, Status and Thoughts for the Future (D. Kaippilly).


11. Polyculture of Shrimp: Current Status and Culture Prospects in Taiwan (H.-T. Lin, J.H.-Y Lin and H.-J. Lin).


12. Advances and Prospects of Shrimp Nutrition (Y.-H. Lin and S.-Y. Shiau).


13. Important Diseases of Penaeid Shrimps (G. D. Lio-Po and E. M. Leaño).


14. Science to the Rescue: Interventions that Help Shrimp in the Arms Race Against White Spot Syndrome Virus (H.-C. Wang, Y.-A. Chiang, T.H. Ng, H.C. Wang, L.-L .Chen, J.-H. Leu and C.-F. Lo).


15. Biologics that Inhibit White Spot Syndrome Virus and Their Application in Shrimp Farming (I C. Liao and C. Peng).


16. Factors Influencing Taiwan’s Shrimp Production Revenue (Y.-H .Chen, Y.-H. Chen, T.-T. Wang and I C. Liao).


17. Development of Regional Freshwater Prawn Culture and Culture Potential of Native Macrobrachium Prawns in Taiwan (J.Y. Shy, N.-H. Chao and I C. Liao).


18. Five Decades in Witness of and Participation in Scientific Research and Industrial Development of Shrimp/Prawn Aquaculture in Taiwan (I C. Liao, N.-H. Chao and E.M. Leaño).



Notes from the Prefaces


Shuolin Huang, President of the Asian Fisheries Society (Malaysia) and a Professor at Shanghai Ocean University (China):


According to a Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations report, in 2012, farmed crustaceans accounted for 9.7 percent (6.4 million metric tons) of global aquaculture production by volume and 22.4 percent ($30.9 billion) by value.  This book covers shrimp and prawn aquaculture in Mainland China, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, India and the Americas.


Rebecca Lochmann, President of the World Aquaculture Society (2015-2016):


Progress of Shrimp and Prawn Aquaculture in the World....takes a fascinating look at the history and evolution of the shrimp industry from a variety of regional perspectives.  Key aspects of shrimp farming, including historical, current, and projected practices are addressed for a number of Asian countries (where most shrimp production occurs), as well as the Americas.


Early studies of basic biology and development of penaeid crustaceans in Japan led to mass production of the kuruma shrimp (Penaeus japonicus).  Practical shrimp culture soon became implemented in other regions.  Technological advances such as artificial seed production, closed-cycle breeding and nutritionally complete feeds facilitated culture intensification to meet growing market demand.  However, intensification was often accompanied by poor water quality and disease outbreaks, which required new solutions.  The development of specific pathogen-free (SPF) shrimp was a major factor in Penaeus vannamei becoming the predominant culture species worldwide.  However, diseases such as whitespot syndrome virus continue to have economically devastating effects on shrimp production.  Several chapters in this book deal with shrimp diseases and approaches used to control them.  These include genetic improvement for disease resistance, improved biologics, immunostimulants, and vaccines.


Numerous technological advances have been made in shrimp culture systems.  However, the high costs of some, such as closed recirculating systems, must be offset by higher product prices to be profitable.  At the other end of the spectrum, some producers have returned to polyculture of shrimp and prawns with finfish.  Polyculture allows more efficient exploitation of the pond ecosystem and increases product diversification.  Sustainability of shrimp culture—both environmental and economic aspects—will be an increasingly important determinant of culture systems used in different regions.


In intensive shrimp production, feed usually dominates operating costs.  Knowledge of specific nutrient requirements for shrimp has advanced significantly.  However, further refinements are needed to optimize fish growth, health, reproduction, and cost effectiveness without negative environmental impacts.


Shrimp farming is an important socio-economic influence in many countries.  This book identifies some specific factors that influence revenue generated by shrimp farming.  Along with economic considerations, marketing and food safety aspects of shrimp production are advancing.  Certification in the production chain is an increasingly important trend for international shrimp marketing.


In summary, this book contains insightful contributions on the most significant factors affecting shrimp production globally.



Notes from the Introduction


Looking upon the status of development, we tried our best to invite outstanding scholars and experts to contribute chapters with scientific information, old and new developments and some historic review.


There have been progressive breakthroughs in the scientific and applied research on how tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) have been adapting to the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), adaptations that might lead to the revival of this once-booming species in the Asia-Pacific region.


At present, there are diversified opinions on the scientific names of the farmed shrimp species.  The nomenclature proposed by Perez Farfante and Kensley (1997) has been disputed by several authors (Flegel, 2007; Ma et al., 2011) who returned the genus of all penaeids to Penaeus.  In this book, the editors use just one genus—Penaeus, but still use Fenneropenaeus, Litopenaeus, Farfantepenaeus, Melicertus and Marsupenaeus (in parentheses in some cases) if they were preferred by the chapter authors.


By and large, the present book provides a great deal of information on the established technologies of shrimp aquaculture around the world.  Data included in this book are useful for students, shrimp biologists, researchers and stakeholders in the private sector, as well as entrepreneurs who want to get into profitable shrimp farming.





National Taiwan Ocean University,  I Chiu Liao (Email, Pei-Ning Road, Keelung 202 Taiwan.


Asian Fisheries Society, Institute of Bioscience, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.


The Fisheries Society of Taiwan, Laboratory of Marine Science and Aquaculture, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, Taiwan.


World Aquaculture Society, 143 J.M. Parker Coliseum, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.


Sources: 1. Progress of Shrimp and Prawn Aquaculture in the World.  Edited by I Chiu Liao (Email, Nai-Hsien Chao and Eduardo M. Leaño.  ISBN 978-986-04-7656-9, GPN 1010500030.  January 2016.  2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, April 11, 2016.

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