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Friday, November 19, 2010

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New Software for Managing Shrimp Farms

Download a Free Demo! 

Rui Ferreira, director of Longline Environment, Ltd., in the United Kingdom, reports that his company is in the final stages of developing POND, a Windows-based software program for managing shrimp farms.  Longline is also exploring the possibility of making POND web-based, so that it would be available to all computer operating systems, something that it has already done with its software for managing mollusk farms.



POND calculates the growth and production of penaeid shrimp during growout, taking into account farm layout, cost of seed, farming technology (species, stocking densities, growout period) and pond characteristics (water temperature, salinity, chlorophyll and dissolved oxygen), and then calculates the harvestable biomass.


What species does POND cover?


Pacific White Shrimp - Penaeus vannamei

Indian Shrimp - Penaeus indicus

Giant Tiger Prawn - Penaeus monodon (under development)





POND analyzes all the data put in by the user and then outputs reports on production, environmental variables and pond mass balance.


The production analysis provides an overall picture of each pond by calculating the harvestable biomass, total feed and seed costs and estimated revenue/profit.  It determines the point during the growout cycle when the pond has reached its full harvestable biomass, then calculates the profitability for that pond—and the aggregate profitability for the entire farm.


The environmental analysis focuses on water quality and bottom sediments.  Outputs include predicted dissolved oxygen levels, chlorophyll and nutrient concentrations and bio-deposition.


The mass balance analysis aggregates data over the entire production cycle, producing a picture of what is happening across the farm.  The mass balance outputs show the feed used, feed consumed and shrimp production.  It also estimates the amount of sludge produced and reports on organic deposits, algal growth, and nitrogen regeneration and dissolution.


POND will also include a disease analysis component that calculates the likelihood of a disease outbreak based on what’s going on in the ponds.  That component provides an early warning system for conditions that are known to increase the likelihood of disease.


How Much Does Pond Cost?


Pricing is based on the number and type of licensing you choose.  POND is available as a single use license or a concurrent use license.  A single use license allows for the software to be used on one system.  A concurrent use license allows multiple users to operate the software concurrently through a shared pool of licenses.


You can download a demo version of POND at


Information: Rui Gomes Ferreira, Director, Longline Environment, Ltd., 2nd Floor, 145-157 St. John Street, London, EC1V 4PY United Kingdom (phone +44-(0)-20-719-36121, fax +44-(0)-20-790-03372, email, webpage


Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp News International from Rui Ferreira.  Subject: POND-Shrimp Model.  November 3, 2010.  2. Longline’s webpage on November 3, 2010.  3. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, November 10, 2010.



Country Heading


Developing and Marketing Shrimp Hatchery Technology


Launched in February 2010, BioHatch is a two-year research project designed to bring biosecure shrimp hatchery technology (Penaeus monodon) to Bangladesh.  The project is coordinated by ttz Bremerhaven [lower case “ttz” correct], a research service provider, and co-financed by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology.


WAB Trading International, ttz Bremerhaven and Gesellschaft für Marine Aquakultur are all working together on the BioHatch project, which hopes to develop the technology and then market it.


WAB Trading International is already running an organic shrimp project in Bangladesh that’s certified by Naturland.


Information: Christian Colmer, Head of Communication and Media, ttz Bremerhaven, Fischkai 1, D-27572 Bremerhaven, Germany (phone +49-(0)-471-48-32-124, fax +49-(0)-471-48-32-129, email, webpage


Source:  Eco-Shrimps Protect Mangroves and Social Standards.  November 2, 2010.


Bioflocs Protect Brine Shrimp from Vibriosis


From Abstract: Glycerol-grown bioflocs were investigated for their antimicrobial and antipathogenic properties against the opportunistic pathogen Vibrio harveyi.  The bioflocs did not produce growth-inhibitory substances, but they did decrease the quorum sensing-regulated bioluminescence of V. harveyi.  This suggested that the bioflocs had activity against this pathogen because quorum sensing regulates virulence of Vibrios towards different hosts.


The addition of live bioflocs significantly increased the survival of gnotobiotic [clean] brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana) larvae challenged with V. harveyi.


Conclusion: Bioflocs grown on glycerol as carbon source inhibit quorum sensing-regulated bioluminescence in V. harveyi and protect brine shrimp larvae from vibriosis.


Source: Electronical Larviculture Newsletter.  Editor Gilbert Van Stappen (  The Application of Biofloc Technology to Protect Brine Shrimp (Artemia franciscana) from Pathogenic Vibrio harveyi.  R. Crab, A. Lambert, T. Defoirdt, P. Bossier and W. Verstraete (, Laboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET), Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium).  Issue 344, October 15, 2010.


La Niña


On November 4, 2010, the U.S. Climate Prediction Center reported: La Niña is expected to last at least until March 2011.


Source: Climate Prediction Center.  El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Diagnostic Discussion (a downloadable PDF or Word file).  November 4, 2010.


Cyclone Giri Wipes Out 30,000 Acres of Ponds


According to a team of relief workers from the International Rescue Committee, Cyclone Giri, which struck the northwestern coast of Myanmar during the last week of October 2010, destroyed over 30,000 acres of shrimp and aquaculture ponds in the state of Rakhine.


Source: The International Rescue Committee.  IRC Comes to Aid of Myanmar Cyclone Victims.  November 4, 2010.


Demonstration Shrimp Farm in Indus River Delta


At a cost of $374,000, the government has set up a 56-hectare pilot/demonstration shrimp farm in Gharo, Sindh Province.  It will be used to attract investors to shrimp farming.


Source: Daily Times.  Shrimp Farming Project Launched at Gharo.  November 7, 2010.

New Zealand

Huka Prawn Park, Video


For a nifty, 30-second, promotional video of Huka Prawn Park’s geothermal freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) farm/restaurant/park, click on the link below.


Source: YouTube.  Huka Prawn Park.  November 4, 2010.


CP Foods Expects Sales of $6 Billion by Year End


Charoen Pokphand Foods (CPF), with shrimp feed mills, hatcheries and farms around the world, has set its 2011 investment budget at $200 million, $134 million to finance its farms and farm-related businesses in several developing markets, especially India, Russia and Turkey, where demand for meat remains strong and market potential is high.  The budget represents a 20% increase from the $167 million earmarked in 2010, of which domestic and overseas operations shared an equal amount.


CPF said its total sales in the first nine months of the year were $4.7 billion, an increase of 19% over 2009.  Net profit rose 42% year-on-year to $385 million.


CPF president and chief executive Adirek Sripratak expects revenues of $6.2 to $6.4 billion by the end of 2010, up from $5.5 billion in 2009, thanks to strong results from its overseas operations, high meat prices and shrimp prices!


Shrimp prices have increased 30% in 2010 and are expected to remain high over the last quarter due to falling supplies from Indonesia, Mexico and Brazil.  Natural disasters in Vietnam and China should also lift demand and prices of shrimp by 10-15% in the first quarter of 2011, said Pisit Ohmpornnuwat, executive vice-president, of CPF!


Source: Live Trading News.  Charoen Pokphand Foods PLC TPE:1215 BAK:CPF to Hit 50 Bhat in 2011.  Woraphop Viriyaroj.  November 13, 2010.


Share Prices of Shrimp Farming Corporations Drop on Weather News


Reuters: On November 5, 2010, encouraged by the USA Federal Reserve’s plan to provide further stimulus to the USA economy, Thailand’s stock market hit a new 14-year high, but shares of Thai Union Frozen Products and Charoen Pokphand Foods, both heavily invested in shrimp farming, dropped after analysts said flooding in the south, where 40 percent of the country’s shrimp is grown, had swamped the shrimp business.


Source: Business Recorder.  Thai Stocks Index Up.  No date.  Around November 6, 2010.

United Kingdom

Scotland—Xyrex Restrains Rytium


Glasgow-based Xyrex, Ltd., has obtained a restraining order against rival company Rytium Technology, preventing Rytium from manufacturing, distributing or selling its “Natur AD Shrimp Treat”.


Xyrex, Ltd., is the manufacturer of “Prawnfresh” and “Prawnfresh Plus”, products that prevent discoloration on shrimp shells after the shrimp are harvested.  The blackspots do not affect the meat, but they do lower the market price of the product.


Xyrex claimed that Rytium’s product is a copy of Prawnfresh.


Rytium argued that its managing director and owner, Ruary McGregor (a former employee and shareholder in Xyrex), invented Prawnfresh and is entitled to manufacture and sell it.  At the hearing, an affidavit by McGregor was produced in which he claimed he had invented the key element in Prawnfresh in his kitchen using nothing more than ordinary kitchen equipment.


Xyrex disputed that claim.


In his decision, the judge commented that McGregor’s explanation “did not sit easily” with the findings of Professor Duncan Burns of the School of Chemistry at Queen’s University Belfast who had produced a report on behalf of Xyrex that said chemical knowledge would be required to produce this product, along with scale-up and formulation skills, at least to the equivalent of a good honors, graduate-degree level.


In granting the restraining order, the judge said that on the basis of the information presented at the hearing he was persuaded that Rytium’s contention “that Mr. McGregor invented the process concerned was unlikely to be established”.


He also advised that he was satisfied that Xyrex had “set out a good prima facie case [first look] to demonstrate that the defenders’ product is a copy of the one developed and marketed by them”.


The full ruling can be viewed at


Source: Fishnewseu.comPost-Harvest Shrimp Treatment Spat Leads to Court Case.  November 4, 2010.

United States

Mississippi—Pictures of Shrimp Research Facility


Granvil Treece, an aquaculture extension agent at Texas A&M University, reports in Aquanotes, the newsletter of the Texas Aquaculture Association: While at a USDA external review of the US Marine Shrimp Farming Program on October 12-15, 2010, held at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL) in Ocean Springs, Mississippi, I had the opportunity to see the new $25 million expansion of the aquaculture research laboratories there.  The GCRL has repaired the shrimp raceway system that was damaged during Hurricane Katrina.  It houses twelve raceways where recirculating aquaculture research is conducted.


The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory's shrimp research facility. Actually,
there are five attached modules right behind the one
you see here. In the picture on the right, you can see where all six
modules meet in the central hallway, making harvesting easy.


Information: Granvil Treece, Aquaculture Specialist, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 2700 Earl Rudder Freeway South, Suite 1800, College Station, Texas 77845, USA (phone 1-979-845-7527, fax 1-979-845-7525, email, website


Sources: 1. Texas AquaNotes.  Gulf Coast Research Lab Has a New $25 Million Expansion for Aquaculture Research.  Granvil Treece.  Volume-22, Number-3, Page-11, November 2010. 2. Pictures, Granvil Treece.

United States

Texas—Landry’s Restaurants Gobbles Up Bubba Gump Shrimp Company


On November 8, 2010, Houston-based Landry’s Restaurants, Inc., announced it had acquired Bubba Gump Shrimp Co, which has 32 restaurants, mostly in tourist spots like the Universal City Walk in Hollywood, California, and Times Square, New York.  In 2009, Bubba Gump, which has 19 shrimp items on its menus, generated about $200 million in sales, averaging about $7.2 million per restaurant.


Also see: Shrimp Bites Hollywood.


Source: The Daily News.  Landry’s Snaps up Bubba Gump.  Laura Elder.  November 8, 2010.

United States

Texas—New Shrimp Farm


Alejandro (“El Terco”) Herrera is a McAllen, Texas, resident who owns three seafood restaurants and a 21-acre shrimp farm on a 1,200-acre family ranch in Mexico.


In Aquanotes, the newsletter of the Texas Aquaculture Association: Granvil Treece, an aquaculture extension agent at Texas A&M University, said “I had the distinct pleasure of assisting Alejandro about seven years ago when he was considering setting up a larval rearing section on his farm in Mexico.  Tony Reisinger and I went to his farm and ate Pacific white shrimp, Penaeus vannamei, at his restaurant overlooking the farm.”


“Alejandro has a very nice operation with campgrounds, a four-wheeling area and large reservoirs that hold the effluent from the shrimp ponds, where catfish and largemouth bass could be caught and prepared by his on-site chef.”


“With the border unrest, Alejandro no longer feels safe going to his farm in Mexico and wants to move his shrimp farm and fee fishing operation to the Raymondville area of Texas.”


“Recently I looked at his potential site, located about five miles west of Raymondville on the Raymondville water supply canal, where he hopes to locate an earthworm farm, shrimp farm and fee fishing operation.  Raul Flores, an engineer in Raymondville, and an Aggie graduate, is assisting Alejandro with the permitting and design of the new farm.  Alejandro had made a bid on the 80-acre property, but had not yet obtained it when I was there.  He plans to produce shrimp, tilapia and drum [a fish] to supply his restaurants.  One of his restaurants is in an up-beat shopping mall in McAllen, Texas, and I had some fresh shrimp and some of Harlingen Shrimp Farms redfish there.  Both were fantastic.  No wonder El Terco has repeat customers.  The restaurant, El Terco, is named after what his friends call him, which means ‘the persistent one’.  We wish Alejandro and family all the best with his business move to Texas.”


Information: Granvil Treece, Aquaculture Specialist, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 2700 Earl Rudder Freeway South, Suite 1800, College Station, Texas 77845, USA (phone 1-979-845-7527, fax 1-979-845-7525, email, website


Source: Texas AquaNotes.  The Newsletter of the Texas Aquaculture Association.  Potential New Shrimp Farmer in Texas.  Granvil Treece.  Volume-22, Number-3, Page-10, November 2010.


Farmed Shrimp Exports Up


In September 2010, Vietnam exported 27 thousand tons of shrimp, worth $249 million, up 15.8% in volume and 34.1% in value over September 2009.


Giant tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) exports reached 17.5 thousand tons, worth over $186 million, up 32% in volume and 56% in value; white shrimp exports (Penaeus vannamei) reached 6.4 thousand tons, valued at $43 million, up 15% and 34%, respectively.


In the first 9 months of 2010, Vietnamese shrimp exports reached 167 thousand tons, valued at $1.42 billion, up 14% in volume and 22% in value over the same period last year.  Giant tiger shrimp exports reached 97 thousand tons, valued at $969 million, up nearly 50% in volume and 64% in value; while white shrimp exports reached 43.7 thousand tons, worth $283.5 million, up 43% and 58%, respectively.


In the first 9 months of 2010, Japan and the United States were Vietnam’s biggest markets, but shrimp exports to China showed the highest growth rate, up 67.5% in volume and 62% in value over the same period of 2010!


Source: Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP) WebsiteShrimp Exports Increased 22%.  No Date, about November 7, 2010.


Binh Dinh Province—Crab/Fish/Shrimp Polyculture


Binh Dinh Province has come up with an eco-friendly, extensive, polyculture system that includes shrimp, crabs and fish, and it appears to be working.


In April 2010, Ngo Van Giao, a shrimp farmer in Huynh Gian Bac Village, was selected to implement the polyculture model in an area of 8,000 square meters, 5,000 square meters for farming and 3,000 square meters for a sediment pond.  He prepared the ponds under the stringent supervision of a local authority, stocking 50,000 giant tiger juveniles (Penaeus monodon), 1,000 crabs and 250 milkfish.


“At first, I was not confident because this farming area used to be hit by epidemics every year.  However, with the valuable assistance of technical experts, the stocked shrimp, crab and fish developed well after one month of implementation.  By then my confidence started to come back,” Giao said.


After three months, Giao harvested 600 kilograms of giant tiger shrimp (400 kg at 33-count per kilo, 100 kg at 40-count per kilo, and 100 kg at 70-count per kilo), 30 kilograms of crab and 70 kilograms of fish.


“Deducting $2,000 spent on seedstock and feed, I earned a profit of $1,437.  If I continue to harvest, I will have $1,000 more.  ...I saved $360 of oil expense as this model required no aeration.”  He added that many people came to see his pond during the harvest and all of them seem to be amazed at the outcome.


Nguyen Huu Hao, Deputy Director of Binh Dinh’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said, “The most significant thing happened in this year’s first shrimp crop was that all farmers have complied with the farming schedule we provided.”  In the first six months of this year, the shrimp farming area in Binh Dinh Province totaled 2,260 hectares, up 3.5 percent over the same period of 2009.  The area dedicated to white shrimp farming (P. vannamei) farming increased 29.7 percent over 2009.


Year to date, Binh Dinh farmers have harvested shrimp 1,304 hectares, mostly in the districts of Hoai Nhon, Phu Cat, Phu My and Tuy Phuoc.  Total output hit 2,919 metric tons, up 47.87 percent over the same period in 2009.  The export value also rose 36.1 percent over 2009.


Source: Vietnam Seafood Trade Magazines.  Vietfish International.  Environmentally Friendly Shrimp Farming in Binh Dinh.  Dung Minh and Ngọc Diep.  Volume 7, Issue 5(7), September/October 2010.




Japan has been Vietnam’s largest shrimp export market for over 10 years, according to the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP).


Nguyen Nhu Tiep, Director of Administration of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery (NAFIQAD), said Vietnam should check for trifluralin (an herbicide) residues on 100 percent of the shrimp that it exports to Japan.


The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development will restrict the use of trifluralin in aquaculture by November 15, 2010, said Tiep.


Businesses have proposed that VASEP and other related agencies strengthen the inspection of products containing trifluralin for aquaculture to ensure that export products are trifluralin-free.


Source: VOV News.  Vietnam Should Strengthen Inspection of Shrimp Exported to Japan.  November 5, 2010.


Government Prohibits the Use of Trifluralin in Aquaculture


On November 5, 2010, Cao Duc Phat, Vietnamese Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), signed Directive No. 3632/CT-BNN-TCTS, which controls the use of trifluralin in aquaculture.  Aquatic farm suppliers will no longer be able to import trifluralin and aquatic farmers will not longer be able to use it on their farms.


Source: Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP) WebsiteDirective on Strengthening to Control Trifluralin Substance Used in Aquaculture.  November 5, 2010.


Freshwater Prawn Production Plummets


In 2010, the number of hectares dedicated to freshwater prawn farming in the Mekong Delta dropped drastically because of low water levels, especially in An Giang and Dong Thap provinces, where the farming area decreased by 75%, compared to 2009.


Source: Vietnam Seafood Trade Magazines.  Giant Freshwater Prawn: Output Down, Price on the Rise.  November 5, 2010.


Ben Tre Province, Prices for Tiger Shrimp Soar


In Ben Tre Province, farmers sold 25-count giant tiger shrimp at the record price of $10.26 a kilo and 40-count shrimp at $6.16 to $6.42 a kilo, double the price in 2009.


Shrimp farmers can earn an average profit of $10,264 to $ 17,962 per hectare.  Some farmers were reported to earn a much higher profit, like Nguyen Van Nhi, a farmer in Village No.7, Thanh Phuoc Commune, Binh Dai District, who earned nearly $35,925 from his nine-metric-ton harvest from a 5,500-square-meter pond.


Source: Vietnam Seafood Trade Magazines.  Ben Tre: Price of Black Tiger Shrimp Soars.  November 4, 2010.


Government Money for Shrimp Farmers Who Want to “Modernize” Their Farms


In a new program, the Vietnamese Government will offer two-year, interest-free loans through the Vietnam Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development to fish and shrimp farmers who want to modernize their equipment.  The government will then cover 50 percent of interest payments in the third year of the program.  To be eligible for the loans, the aquaculture businesses must purchase 60 percent or more of their new technology in Vietnam.


Source: FIS United StatesGovt Loans Given to Aquaculture Firms for Upgrades.  Natalia Real (  November 2, 2010.

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