Shrimp News

Friday, December 24, 2010

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There will be no Shrimp News next week, Friday, December 31, 2010.

Shrimp News will return on Friday, January 7, 2011.


Everyone Gets a Little Blue at Christmas


Leike ( from Aquaculture Farming Technology in the Netherlands says: We have a small, indoor, zero-exchange, biofloc shrimp farm in the Netherlands where we do research on the giant tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon).  It’s very dark in our facility, just enough light to feed the shrimp.


Our results are good, growth is good, the feed conversion ratio is good, and the monodon work well in the biofloc system.  The only problem is that some shrimp turn blue while others retain their natural color.  We tried extra astaxanthin in the feed, but it did not work.


Does anyone know what’s going on here?



Information: Leike, Aquaculture Farming Technology, Poststraat 8, 5801 BC Venray, The Netherlands (phone +31-0-6-14-898-768, fax +31-0-478-550054, email, webpage


No Christmas for Australian Prawn Farms


Heavy rains and low temperatures have forced Australian Prawn Farms, a shrimp farm south of Mackay, Queensland, to postpone its harvest of giant tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) until after Christmas.  Matt West, farm manager, thinks they’ll get a pretty good harvest, just a little later than normal.  The farm will sell most of its crop through supermarket chains in 2011.


Source: ABC Rural Report.  Rural News and Information for Tropical North Queensland/Makay Prawn Farm’s Harvest Delayed Due to Weather.  Nicky Redl.  December 10, 2010.



Country Report


Hatchery Job


Seaking Hatchery, Ltd., in Cox’s Bazar, has a position open for a shrimp hatchery technician.


Requirements: Bachelor of Science degree with a minimum of three to five years working in Penaeus monodon shrimp hatcheries.  Preference will be given to those familiar with probiotics and are fluent in Bengali.


Job Description: Broodstock and water quality management.  Efficient production of high-quality larvae.


Closing Date: Saturday, January 1, 2011.


Information: S.M. Shaha Alam (, Seaking Hatchery, Ltd., North Nidania, P.S.-Ukhiya, P.O.-Inani, Marine Drive Road, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.


Source: AquaNic (The Aquaculture Network Information Center, a gateway to the world’s electronic aquaculture resources).  Jobs Directory in cooperation with the WAS Employment ServiceSearch jobsMonodon Shrimp Hatchery Technician.  December 7, 2010.


Virus Detecting Equipment Not Working


Almost $30 million worth of shrimp sits in freezers in Khulna and Chittagong waiting for export clearance from the government, but it can’t be cleared because the Fishery Department’s equipment for checking shrimp for antibiotics is now nonfunctional.  Shrimp exporters say they face huge financial losses in the European Union and elsewhere for missing “contracted” shipping dates.


Experts from India, America and Vienna have not been able to fix the equipment.  Humayun Kabir, the Director of Frozen Foods Exporter Association, said that the machines should be ready for the next peak season in shrimp exports.


Source: The Financial Express.  Shrimp Export Held for Snag in Testing Machine.  December 12, 2010.


European Union Inspection in March 2011


In March 2011, a top EU team will visit shrimp farms and processing plants in Bangladesh to find out whether the country’s seafood exports meet European standards.


Withdrawal of the 20 percent, mandatory testing requirement that the EU authority imposed on Bangladeshi shrimp exports in July 2010 largely depends on a positive report from this visit.


Exporters and officials have termed the visit by the European Union (EU) Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) a crucial test for the shrimp industry, saying it would determine the fate of the country’s third largest export earner.


Maksudur Rahman, vice president of Bangladesh Frozen Food Exporters Association (BFFEA), said the FVO team’s visit will also confirm whether nitrofurans occur naturally in crustaceans.


During its week-long visit from March 24 to April 2, 2011, the team will investigate antibiotic residues and the control of veterinary medicinal products.


The team will also inspect implementation of public health and residue control in aquaculture products from the distribution level right through to the pond so harmful health drugs do not get into the shrimp, officials said.


Bangladesh exported $348 million worth of shrimp in its 2009-2010 fiscal year, and the EU accounted for nearly 50 percent of it.


Shrimp farming is a key employer in the country’s poorest southwestern coastal region.  According to industry representatives, the country’s 130 shrimp processing plants and tens of thousands of farms employ over one million people.


Source: The Financial Express.  Crucial Tests for Shrimp Exports to EU in March.  Monira Munni.  December 11, 2010.


Crab Hatcheries Needed


Because of a shortage of wild juvenile crabs for stocking farm ponds, Brunei wants to establish crab hatcheries.


Shortage of wild juveniles for stocking crab farms has become a problem in many countries in Southeast Asia.


Hatchery-produced crabs are being produced in the Philippines, Vietnam and China.


Hatchery technology has been developed for producing mud crabs (Scylla serrata), a very tough species.  See Thailand below.


On farms, crabs are fed wild feeds like mussels, marine worms, fish and squid.  Some farms use commercial feeds as a supplement.  Each feed is given separately to prevent the crabs from selective feeding on preferred diets.


Juvenile crabs are fed minced mussel meat or fish at 40 to 50 percent of biomass daily, or to satiation.


Source:  Hatcheries Needed to End Crab Supply Shortage.  Fitri Shahminan.  November 23, 2010.


Oceanaa Gets Into Contract Farming


The Oceanaa Group, a conglomerate with retail stores and shrimp hatcheries, has signed an agreement with the Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) for extending loans to shrimp farmers in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry for a contract farming program with white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei).


Addressing a press conference, Joseb Raj, chairman and managing director of Oceanaa, said farmers with at least one hectare of land and a license from the Coastal Aquaculture Authority would be eligible for the program.  He said the company wants to sign up 200 farmers and a total of 400 hectares of ponds.  He  hopes to produce 10,000 to 15,000 metric tons of shrimp.  IOB will advance $7,000 for each hectare and the farmer must put up $1,000 for each hectare.  A farmer with one hectare of land could make a profit of about $6,600 over a six-month growout period.


Oceanaa will sell the farmers their seed, feed and aqua health products and provide free technical services.  At harvest, it will buy back the shrimp at prevailing market prices.


In the city of Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Oceanaa owns nine seafood retail outlets under the brand name “Fish N Fresh”, and it plans to open 16 more outlets in and around the city and in two other cities.


Source:  Oceanaa Signs MoU with IOB for Doing Shrimp Culture.  December 10, 2010.


CPF Expansion


In 2010, the Charoen Pokphand Group, Thailand’s largest agricultural and retail business conglomerate, began spending almost $500 million on its development projects in China.


In India, it expects to invest around $50 million in three aquatic feed mills.  Feed sales in India are expected to rise at least 20% in 2011 from the $500 million projected for 2010.


Source: AllAboutFeeds.netCPF to Start China Development in 2011.  December 9, 2010.


President Inaugurates World’s Largest Broodstock Facility


On December 6, 2010, in Bali, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono inaugurated the world’s largest shrimp broodstock production facility, capable of producing 675,000 animals per year.  He said, “In...2010-2014, we expect shrimp production to increase by 74.7 percent from 400,000 tons to 700,000 tons.”


In 2009, Indonesia’s shrimp exports reached $1.58 billion, representing 63 percent of fishery exports.


Source: The Jakarta Post.  President Inaugurates Shrimp Breeding Center.  Desy Nurhayati.  December 7, 2010.


FAO— Guidelines for Aquaculture Certification Finalized


The first global guidelines for aquaculture certification have been adopted by the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).  The guidelines set minimum standards for animal health, food safety, the environment and socio-economic issues relating to aquaculture workers.  They will probably be approved by FAO’s Fishery Committee when it meets in Rome in January 2011.


If the guidelines are adopted, consumers at retail markets will know if the shrimp they are buying were raised without damaging the environment, if farm workers were paid a fair wage and if the shrimp is free of contamination.  The guidelines will benefit consumers and those working in connection with domestic and international seafood markets.  Taken along with the FAO Guidelines for Ecolabeling Fish and Fishery Products (which cover wild-caught fish), FAO now has set minimum standards for the labeling of all fish available in the marketplace, whether captured or farmed.


Source: NOAA Aquaculture Program Website.  Guidelines for Aquaculture Certification Finalized.  December 9, 2010.


Shrimp Virus Vaccines?


From Abstract: “Recent applications of RNA interference technology against the whitespot syndrome virus (WSSV) were found to be promising and effective antiviral strategies.  In the present study, a gene-specific full-length double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was prepared for the WSSV-VP28 gene using the in vitro transcription method.  Challenging experiments were performed by an intramuscular injection of VP28-dsRNA in Marsupenaeus japonicus, followed by WSSV infection after 24 hours, expecting 95–100% mortality within nine days....  The results revealed that the protective efficiency of VP28-dsRNA against WSSV infection is more than 85%, 25 days post infection.  Various assays including bioassay, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, immunohistochemistry (IHC), histology and 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining were performed to confirm the knockdown of the VP28 gene.  No positive signals were observed in the gill and heart tissues of VP28-dsRNA/WSSV-infected shrimp seven days post infection by RT-PCR and western blotting.  No infection was observed in the VP28-dsRNA/WSSV-infected group through histology and IHC.  DAPI staining of haemocytes revealed no signs of condensation and fragmentation in the VP28-dsRNA-administered group.  The unrelated YHVGP116-dsRNA had no significant effect on the expression of the VP28 gene, confirming that the knockdown is specific to VP28-dsRNA.”


Source: Aquaculture ResearchDouble-Stranded RNA-Mediated Silencing of the White Spot Syndrome Virus Vp28 Gene in Kuruma Shrimp, Marsupenaeus Japonicus.  Raja Sudhakaran, Tohru Mekata, Tomoya Kono, Mari Inada, Shogo Okugawa, Maki Yoshimine, Terutoyo Yoshida, Masahiro Sakai and Toshiaki Itami (, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, 1-1, Gakuen Kibanadai-nishi, 889-2192 Miyazaki, Japan).  Early view of articles in advance of print.  First published online on November 11, 2010.


Mud Crab Susceptibility to Whitespot Is Species Dependent


Based on a report on one species of mud crab (Scylla serrata), it is widely believed that all mud crabs are relatively resistant to whitespot.  To test this hypothesis, researchers subjected two other species of mud crab (Scylla olivacea and Scylla paramamosain) to whitespot to see if they were susceptible.


They concluded that S. olivacea and S. paramamosain show a wide variation in their response to the whitespot virus.  Both are susceptible to the disease, but olivacea is more susceptible than paramamosain.  Based on single-challenge and serial challenge results and on previous published works showing that serrata is relatively unaffected by whitespot infection, the researchers proposed that susceptibility to whitespot disease in the genus Scylla is species-dependent (and may also be dose-history dependent).  In practical terms, this means that olivacea and paramamosain may pose less threat as WSSV carriers than serrata.  For crab farmers, the results suggest that rearing of serrata would be a better choice than paramamosain or olivacea in terms of avoiding losses from seasonal outbreaks of whitespot disease.


Source: 7th  Mud Crab Susceptibility to Disease from White Spot Syndrome Virus Is Species-Dependent.  November 20, 2010.

United Kingdom

Dragon Feeds’ Tony Smith Talks Fish, Not Shrimp


In an interview conducted by Jason Holland for the World Fishing and Aquaculture Website, Tony Smith, managing director of Dragon Feeds, which produces a unique fishmeal alternative that contains polychaetes (ragworms, Nereis virens) and vegetable proteins, talked about farming ragworms.  In the past, Dragon Feeds concentrated its marketing efforts on the shrimp farming industries, now it appears to be concentrating on the fish farming industries.


Jason Holland: Would you tell our readers a little about how your worms are grown, what goes into the feed and explain why it’s a sustainable alternative to fishmeal?


Tony Smith: Our worms are grown in large raceways approximately 11 meters wide, 150 meters long and 60 centimeters deep.  They go through a seven-month growout cycle, consuming products that would normally be dumped in landfills, like wastes from the brewing and baking industries and trim waste from whitefish processing.


The worms go into the ponds when they are very small—pinhead size.  Each female produces millions of eggs and the survival rate of the eggs is now over 80%.  If we had a 100% survival rate of just one female’s offspring, we would be able to produce 70 tons of worm protein.


Polychaete worms are not a replacement for fishmeal, but they do supply some important amino acids and other nutrients in the formulation we use to make our fishmeal replacement.  We also use proteins from soy, sunflowers, peas and lupines to make sure we get the right balance of amino acids.  We don’t use any fish or fishmeal in our products.


Fishmeal is a very volatile commodity.  At one point in 2010, it hit $2,000 a metric ton.  It’s currently down to about $1,460, but even at that price we’re very competitive with fishmeal.  Some of the proteins we use fluctuate in price, but not like the wild gyrations in the fishmeal prices.  Our feed is a lot more consistently priced than fishmeal, and we can forecast future prices with a fair degree of accuracy.


Source: World Fishing and AquacultureQ&A with Tony Smith, Dragon Feeds.  Jason Holland.  December 9, 2010.

United States

Arizona—Earmarks for Shrimp Farming


For fiscal year 2011, members of the United States Congress from Arizona have proposed earmarks of $4.2 million for shrimp aquaculture research at the University of Arizona.


Source:  Proposed Earmarks Include Ariz. Shrimp Study.  Sarah Buduson.  December 7, 2010.

United States

California—Job at San Francisco Bay Brand


San Francisco Bay Brand, Inc., a supplier of brine shrimp products and other feeds for the aquarium industry, has a position open for a person with experience in aquatic feed formulation and water quality control.  The position requires a Bachelor of Science degree (or equivalent) and at least three years of experience working on feed products and formulations.  Knowledge of chemistry, water conditioning, lab management and staff training are a big plus.  The job will require transferring equipment from Thailand to California and travel to countries like China for one to three weeks a year to do quality control work.


Information: Andy Schmidt, San Francisco Bay Brand (


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Andy Schmidt at San Francisco Bay Brand on December 16, 2010.

United States

California—Shrimp News News


At some point in 2011, I’m going start charging a fee for access to the Shrimp News Website.  Until that time, access to the site will be free, but to get ready for running an online business and to clean up some security problems, I’m asking that everyone register.  Yeah, I know, I hate passwords and registration as much as you do, but, unfortunately, there’s no other way to do what I want to do.  So, very soon, I’m going to institute a very simple registration process, requiring your name and email address, along with your choice of a user name and password.  If you are ready with a user name and password, the registration process will take less than a minute!


Your user name, which is also called your “log in name” on the registration form, must be four or more characters in length, and can only contain lowercase letters, numbers and the underscore “_”; no spaces, no capital letters.  Your password must be four or more characters, no spaces.  Once you complete the registration, your access to the Shrimp News Website will be just like it was before.  You won’t be required to enter any information or passwords.  You’ll land right on the Shrimp News Home Page when you enter into your browser’s address bar.


Source: Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International.  December 23, 2010.

United States

California—Contessa Premium Foods


Contessa Premium Foods, a distributor of frozen seafood, maintains a zero-tolerance policy for illegal chemicals and antibiotics in its farmed shrimp products.  Decades ago at multiple levels of the harvest and production process, it implemented vigorous testing programs on all its shrimp products.


Routine inspections of its processing facilities by numerous international third-party auditors have consistently earned the company superior scores, and years ago, in partnership with the United States FDA equivalents in the Thailand and Vietnam governments, Contessa developed and implemented a food safety and sustainability program to educate shrimp farmers on best practices.


In February 2010, as the result of these efforts, Contessa became the first and only importer of farmed shrimp to be recognized as “sustainable” and a “Good Alternative” by the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch program.


In Thailand and Vietnam, in-house and internationally accredited third-party laboratories test Contessa’s shrimp.  During every part of the production process, the company’s quality assurance staff ensures that all products comply with Contessa’s food safety criteria.  Upon arrival in the United States, Contessa’s local quality assurance staff conducts verification tests of random shipments that are audited by local third-party laboratories to verify that all prior findings are 100 percent accurate.


Information: Contessa Premium Foods, Inc., 222 West 6th Street, 8th Floor, San Pedro, California 90731, USA (phone 1-310-832-8000, webpage


Source: Vietnam Seafood Trade Magazines.  Carefully Sourced Sustainable Shrimp.  December 8, 2010.

United States

Indiana—Video, A New Shrimp Farm


Darryl Brown has built an indoor shrimp farm in Fowler, Indiana, and his first crop is ready for harvest.  In this two-minute video, you see shots of his equipment and nursery and growout tanks.  Brown says, “I...get shrimp in from a hatchery in Florida.”  He grows them in a nursery tank for 30 days and then moves them into one of six circular growout tanks in his barn, where they remain for four months until harvest.  Each one of the tanks holds about 10,000 shrimp, amounting to about 500 pounds at harvest.  Brown hopes to harvest 250 pounds of shrimp a week and sell them live by the pound.  He says, “We are a zero waste facility; our tanks are recirculating....”  He uses bacteria to break down all the wastes, “so we have nothing that goes out the door, nothing that goes down the drain.”


Information: Darryl Brown, 8615 East State Road 18, Fowler, Indiana 47944, USA (phone 1-765-583-0402).


Source: YouTube.  Benton County Shrimp Farm One of Six in the Country.  December 1, 2010.

United States

Texas—Landry’s Purchase of the Bubba Gump Shrimp Company


On November 8, 2010, Houston-based Landry’s Restaurants, Inc., announced that it planned to acquire Bubba Gump Shrimp Company, which has 32 restaurants, mostly in tourist spots like the Universal City Walk in Hollywood, California, and Times Square, New York.  To pay for the acquisition, the company plans to offer up to $87 million in 11 5/8% senior secured notes due in 2015. (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 1-781-861-1441, email  Landry’s Restaurants Plans $87 Million Private Placement, Primarily to Pay for Bubba Gump.  Ken Coons (  December 14, 2010.

United States

Washington DC—The Food Safety Bill Looks Like a Winner


On December 19, 2010, the Senate approved the food safety bill by unanimous consent and sent it back to the House for approval.  On December 21, the House gave the bill its approval.  The President is expected to sign the bill before the end of the year.


The bill would give the FDA access to internal records at farms and food-production facilities.


The bill is expected to cost $1.4 billion over the next four years, including the expense of hiring 2,000 new FDA inspectors.


The New York Times said the following about the bill:


“Over time, the law will require the FDA to increase inspection of food processing plants in this country and also plants in other countries where food is prepared for export to the United States.”


“The law will require 600 inspections of overseas facilities in the first year, although food safety experts said that may not represent an increase over current levels.  Over the next five years, the number of foreign inspections must double each year.”


The New York Times on the Food Safety Bill

Food Safety Bill Passes Senate, President Obama Supports It

Food Safety Legislation Runs Into Tricky Problem


Sources: 1. (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 1-781-861-1441, email  Senate Passes Food-safety Bill after Sunday Evening Bipartisan Deal (Washington Post, Lyndsey Layton).  Ken Coons (  December 20, 2010.  2. The New York Times.  Shifting Focus of F.D.A, House Passes Overhaul of Food Laws.  William Neuman.  December 22, 2010.


Shrimp Farming in the Mekong Delta


In Tran De District, Soc Trang Province, large shrimp farms are scattered over an area of 5,000 hectares along the banks of the My Thanh River.  Those farms employ thousands of workers and each farm can earn billions of dong [one billion dong equals about $50,000] every harvest season.


Mr. Thong Nhut, a local farm owner, said: “We produce shrimp according to a closely organized and controlled system, including breed selection, breeding-pool design, water supply and treatment, feed, care and harvest, so we can optimize the products’ quality.”


Source: VietnamNetBridge.  Farm Economy Booms in Mekong Delta.  December 12, 2010.



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