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Friday, April 23, 2010

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Australia Unveils a Brine Shrimp Farm

Biomass Production First—Then the Egg!



In cooperation with the Australian Government, Cognis Australia, Pty., Ltd., a worldwide supplier of specialty chemicals and nutritional ingredients (more below), has unveiled a state-of-the-art brine shrimp farm capable of producing carotenoid-enriched brine shrimp (Artemia) biomass!  Shrimp hatcheries worldwide use brine shrimp and brine shrimp products as starter feeds and broodstock feeds.  The new farm, located in Hutt Lagoon, Western Australia, is a joint venture funded by Australia’s Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (FRDC), the Department of Fisheries in Western Australia (DoFWA) and Cognis.


Using closed systems and naturally hyper-saline conditions, Cognis is able to produce brine shrimp in a way that greatly reduces biosecurity risks.  They will be marketed under the trade name NutremiaTM, or through licensed distributors.  Boyd King, Nutremia Project Manager, said, “The sustainability of this project is due to an elegant integration between Cognis’ high-salinity natural algal cultivation lagoons that produce carotenoids and the brine shrimp that thrive on the algae.  ...We are currently targeting the Australian market and actively seeking international distribution partners for our products.”




In an email to Shrimp News, King said, “High quality cyst production and incorporation of the biomass into non-marine based, all-natural attractants is next.” 




Tony Charles, hatchery manager at Australian Prawn Farms, said, “Nutremia has become an important component of our balanced hatchery diets, and the shrimp feed on it aggressively.”


About Cognis in Western Australia: Cognis has 500 hectares of algal production lakes in Hutt Lagoon, Western Australia, where it grows Dunaliella salina algae and extracts natural betacarotene for dietary supplements and natural food colors from it.  It also dries the algae for incorporation into animal feeds—including shrimp feed.  If you have Google Earth installed on your computer (free, but you must download it from Google), you can view the farm at: 28° 9’56.13” S, 114°15’19.67” E.


About Cognis: Worldwide, Cognis employs about 5,600 people and it operates production sites and service centers in 30 countries.  In 2009, it had sales of about $3.6 billion.


Information: Boyd King, Project Manager, Cognis Australia (phone +61-3-9581-1403, email boyd.king@cognis.com).


Information: Sonja Kampfer, JP KOM, GmbH, Grafenberger Allee 115, 40237 Düsseldorf, Germany (phone +49-211-687835-26, fax +49-211-687835-30, email sonja.kampfer@jp-kom.de, webpage http://www.jp-kom.de).


Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp News International from Sonja Kampfer on April 13, 2010.  2. Email to Shrimp News International from Boyd King on April 19, 2010.


Shrimp Prices Are Rising!


In case you haven’t noticed, wholesale shrimp prices in the USA have been gradually rising ever since the end of 2009, and in the last couple of weeks, prices of some farmed, shell-on tails from Latin America and Asia have made big jumps:

Exports prices from Ecuador, as the following table shows, are also up:



Click here for Ecuador’s March 2010 price report.


Sources: 1. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International.  Frozen, Shell-On Tails.  January 1, 2010 and April 16, 20102. Boletin Informativo (Ecuador’s Cámara Nacional de Acuacultura).  Editor, Jorge Tejada (jtejada@cna-ecuador.com).  Precios Preferenciales del Camarón.  April 14, 2010.



Country Reports



GROWfish, Free Aquaculture Information


On April 17, 2010, GROWfish, the free, news service on world aquaculture came back online after being offline for several months while it worked on computer problems.  GROWfish, also referred to as the Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network, or GAIN, frequently carries news stories on world shrimp farming.  Check it out by clicking on the links below.


Sources: 1. GROWfish (Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network, Inc.).  GROWfish eNewsletter (subscribehtml@growfish.com.au).  We’re Back.  April 17, 2010.  2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, April 17, 2010.


Large Volume of Polychaetes Available for Immediate Delivery


Solid Blue Company, Ltd., has flash frozen bloodworms (Glycera dibranchiata) available for immediate delivery at $9 a kilogram for orders of ten metric tons, FOB Qingdao, China.


Orders are also accepted for smaller polychaetes (Perinereis sp, at $9 a kilogram).  For orders placed in April 2010, Solid Blue can supply 100 metric tons in the next six months.


The polychaetes can be freeze-dried and vacuum-packed for an extra fee of $1,500 a metric ton.  For another fee, freeze-dried polychaetes can be treated with gamma irradiation to guarantee 100% biosecurity.  On request, pathogen tests on polychaetes can be done by Dr. Donald Lightner at The University of Arizona.


Information: Ms. Jing Ding, Marketing Manager for Solid Blue Company, Ltd., No. 3-1 East Zaoshan Road, Laoshan District, Qingdao, Shandong Province, China 266000 (phone 0086-532-88822556, fax 0086-532-88822553, email solidblue1@gmail.com, webpage http://www.solidblue.net.cn).


Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp News International from Ms. Jing Ding.  April 7, 2010.  2. The Webpage of Torkild Bakken.  Nereidinae (Polychaeta, Nereididae).  Website visit on April 15, 2010.


Costa Rica

Farm For Sale


Camaronera La Reina Ranch, a 27.5-hectare shrimp farm/hatchery on the Gulf of Nicoya, with eight ponds ranging in size from 1.8 to 4.5 hectares, is for sale.  Year-round harvests.  Property in the area sells for $50,000 per hectare.




• Pump station with pumps

• Aerators

• Farm tractor with PTO aerator

• Electricity, fresh water and telephone service

• Warehouse

• House

• Container/Office/House

• More information and pictures on request


Information: Jairo Álvarez Vargas (mobile phone 506-8817-5342, phone 506-8816-0407, email alvarezj07@gmail.com).


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Jairo Alvarez on April 12, 2010.


Evacuation of Illegal Shrimp Farms Begins


The occupants on more than 7,000 hectares of shrimp farms that have been operating illegally will begin evacuating their farms on April 7, 2010.  Once notified, the shrimp farms will have 60 days to withdraw their equipment and machinery.


According to Jaime Ayala, National Directorate of Aquatic Spaces, there are 234 farms, occupying 3,047 hectares, that are illegal because they initiated their activities after 1999, when the creation of new farms became illegal.


In addition, the Ministry of Environment said that another 4,000 hectares of illegal shrimp farms exist in ecologically protected areas.


The government is still processing information on more than 700 applications that were submitted in the two weeks prior to the end of the registration process, which began on October 15, 2008, and ended on March 31, 2010.


Cesar Monge, president of the National Aquaculture Chamber (CNA), described the current registration process as just the beginning of the shrimp industries’ problems.  He said there is a Law of Waters bill that could but the entire industry out of business.  Monge warned, “They speak of evacuations and regularization, but there is a bill that looks to prohibit the operation of aquatic species farming in beaches and bays.  We will all be evacuated from the shrimp farms.”


Source: FIS United StatesEvacuation of Illegal Shrimp Farms Begins.  Analia Murias (editorial@fis.com).  April 8, 2010.



El Niño


El Niño conditions are expected to continue through April/May 2010.  Most computer models predict that El Niño will begin fading during the summer of 2010.


Source: Climate Prediction Center.  El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Diagnostic Discussion (a downloadable PDF or Word file).  April 8, 2010.



Video—Shows Automatic Feeders and Ponds Enclosed in Nets


This two-and-a-half-minute video shows an intensive shrimp pond completely enclosed in netting—top and sides.  The pond has independent aerators and long-arm aerators that are powered from the bank.  At the very end of the video, you get a peek at some automatic feeders.


Source: YouTube.  Biosecurity of Vannamei Farm-www.stac.com.my.  April 2, 2010.


Sonora—Consultores Profesionales Corporativos


On April 12, 2010, Consultores Profesionales Corporativos (CPC), a company that has been operating shrimp farms in the Mexican state of Sonora for six years, announced plans to open a new shrimp processing facility.  CPC has been producing and exporting white shrimp to the USA market since 2004, and in 2009 it ventured into the European market with great success.  Product will be marketed under the CPC Aqua Proceso’s “Sonora Shrimp” label.  The new processing facility will also package shrimp for private labels.


CPC Aqua Proceso has already been assigned a registered facility number from USA/FDA, which will allow it to export to the USA, and its products will be fully HCAPP and European Union certified when it starts operations during the summer of 2010.


Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Sonoran Shrimp Producer CPC Announces First Processing Plant, Will Expand Direct Sales to US, EU.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 1-781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  April 12, 2010.


South Africa

For Sale—Sort Rite Shrimp Processing Plant


For sale, a complete Sort-Rite shrimp processing plant that has never been used and is currently stored in a warehouse in South Africa.


Information: Andries van Tonder, Group Chief Financial Officer, Bosasa Operations, Pty., Ltd., Mogale Business Park, No 1 Windsor Road, Luipaardsvlei, Mogale City, 1739 South Africa (email andries@bosasa.com, phone +27-11-662-6002, fax +27-11-662-6320, mobile +27-82-607-1591).


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Cherise Helena.  April 8, 2010.



Biofloc Workshop


On June 17, 2010, the Asian Aquaculture Network (AAN), a regional professional network, will conduct a one-day workshop in collaboration with Kasetsart University titled “Learn More about Biofloc and Recirculating Aquaculture System”.  Dr. Tzachi M. Samocha, engineers from AquaOptima, and Dr. Chalor Limsuwan will give presentations.  The event will be held at Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, and is open for registration.


Information: Komtas Kaewchaijaroenkit, Marketing and Communication Manager, Asian Aquaculture Network, 599/114 Ratchadapisek Road, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand (phone +66-2-192-1787-8 , # 11, fax +66-2-192-1787-8, # 10, email info@asianaquaculturenetwork.com, webpage http://www.asianaquaculturenetwork.com).


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Komtas Kaewchaijaroenkit on April 12, 2010.

United Kingdom

The Truth about Cholesterol


Recently published research has finally shattered the old wives tale that eating shrimp can raise your cholesterol.  A study headed by Professor Bruce Griffin from the University of Surrey showed that people who ate 225 grams of shrimp a day showed absolutely no effect on their blood cholesterol levels.


The research team fed healthy male volunteers 225 grams of coldwater shrimp over a period of 12 weeks.  The shrimp diet contained nearly four times the dietary cholesterol of the control group.  Blood samples were taken at the beginning and end of the study to determine any changes to blood cholesterol levels.


Professor Griffin said: “The study found that the consumption of shrimp produced no significant effects on the blood cholesterol level relative to the control....  There was also no significant effect on LDL (bad, low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol levels compared with the control group.”


The research provides further evidence to support the now established scientific understanding that saturated fat in the diet (most often found in pastry, meat, biscuits and cakes) is more responsible for raising blood cholesterol than cholesterol-rich foods, such as shrimp.


Source: FishNewsEU.com.  New Research Shows Shellfish Consumption Doesn’t Affect Cholesterol Levels.  April 9, 2010.


United States

California—Shrimp News, New Article on Free Reports Page


Hi, I’ve uploaded a new report to the Free Reports Page.  Titled pH Control in Biofloc Ponds, it’s based on a discussion from The Shrimp List, an online mailing list for the shrimp farming industry.  The discussion got rather technical and sometimes strayed to other topics, so I tried to keep it as simple as possible and focus on pH.


Click here to check it out.


Source: Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, April 22, 2010.

United States

Florida—Shrimp School


The University of Florida’s annual Shrimp School, conceived and organized by Dr. Steve Otwell, a SeaGrant seafood specialist, held its first training program in 1995, and it has run a Shrimp School every year since then.  The school is dedicated to advancing shrimp product quality and safety and has become the leading academically based training program for shrimp processors and regulators worldwide.  The technical program features current and basic topics through lectures and actual hands-on training.  The optimal class size is 25 participants, although registration is cut off at about 30.  Annual demand for the school always exceeds the number of seats available.


The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) thinks the school provides a great training program for shrimp processors and importers, and it sends from two to four instructors to the school every year.  All other training is conducted by experienced experts from the University of Florida and private industry.


The training combines lectures with daily laboratory experience and demonstrations.  Discussions cover the latest processing and regulatory issues.  This three-day school is useful for experienced and new suppliers, processors, buyers, importers, exporters, inspectors or quality control managers and others in the private industry from management through production.


Shrimp News: The Shrimp School is already completely booked for its next session, scheduled for May 11 to 13, 2010.  If you interested in attending the school in 2011, I recommend that you make your arrangements now.  Click here to view the Agenda for 2010.  The course registration fee is $450.


Information: Laura Garrido, Shrimp School Coordinator (phone 1-352-392-1991, extension 308, email lrg@ifas.ufl.edu), or Zina Williams, Senior Assistant, Shrimp School, University of Florida, Aquatic Food Products Lab., P.O. Box 110375, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA (phone 1-352-392-1991, extension 301, fax 1-352-392-8594).


Source: University of Florida Website.  Shrimp School.  Website Visit on April 9, 2010.


United States

Florida—Video “Shrimp–Searching for Pink Gold”, With Music


For an eight-minute video with music and flashing still pictures of shrimp that advertise the new book, Shrimp—The Endless Quest for Pink Gold, click on the link in the Source (below).  It’s a long video.  If you get bored, skip ahead to minute-1:44 and listen to the Dead Shrimp Blues.


Information: Jack and Anne Rudloe, Gulf Specimen Marine Laboratories, Inc., P.O. Box 237, 222 Clark Drive, Panacea, Florida 32346, USA (phone 1-850-984-5297, fax 1-850-984-5233, email gspecimen@sprintmail.com, webpage http://www.gulfspecimen.org).


Sources: 1. YouTube.  Shrimp Photo Stream_0002.wmv.  April 4, 2010.  2. YouTube.  Dead Shrimp Blues [Remastered] Robert Johnson (1936) Delta Blues Guitar Legend.  No Date.  YouTube Website on April 14, 2010.

United States

Oregon—Howard Newman, Desert Lake Technologies


On April 8, 2010, Howard Newman, president and owner of Desert Lake Technologies, whose shipments of brine shrimp cysts from China were temporarily detained by the FDA in January 2010, reported: Our attorneys today informed us that the FDA considers Artemia cysts (brine shrimp eggs) as being widely used in aquaculture and ornamental fish farming prior to 1958, and therefore they do not require GRAS certification.  Our attorneys also advised us that the industry should petition AAFCO to include Artemia cysts and biomass in its list of “approved feeds”.  There is still work to be done as it is unclear if all Artemia products will be granted this “grandfather” status.


The incident with FDA cost Newman $45,000 in legal fees.


Information: Howard Newman, Desert Lake Technologies, Inc., P.O. Box 489, Klamath Falls, Oregon 97601, USA (phone 1-541-885-6947, fax 1-541-885-6951, emails bshrimp@aol.com and hwnewman@desertlake.com, webpage http://www.desertlake.com).


Source: Emails to Shrimp News International from Howard Newman on April 8 and 16, 2010.

United States

Utah—Brine Shrimp Company Moving


Great Salt Lake Artemia, a cooperative brine shrimp processing and distributing company with about 15 members that harvests brine shrimp cysts from the Great Salt Lake, will move its operations from Mountain Green, Utah, to the Industrial Park, in Ogden, Utah, during summer 2010.  It is finalizing the purchase of two buildings that encompass about 60,000 square feet.  The company will also build a 26,000-square-foot freezer storage facility next to the buildings.  Don Leonard, the company’s chief executive officer, says the co-op exports brine shrimp eggs to 62 countries, with its largest markets in Asia, Europe, Central America and South America.  The co-op’s move to Ogden from Mountain Green, scheduled to be completed in September 2010, will put it closer to its fishing facilities at Promontory Point on Great Salt Lake, Leonard said.


Source: Standard.net.  Brine Shrimp Co-Op Moving into Ogden.  Scott Schwebke.  April 7, 2010.

United States

Virginia—8th International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture


The Eighth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture will be held at The Hotel Roanoke Conference Center in Roanoke, Virginia, on August 20-22, 2010.  Over 80 papers will be presented during the event.  There will be at least one session on penaeid shrimp culture, and many of the other sessions, like those on algae, feeds and water chemistry, relate to shrimp farming.


Information: Ms. Terry Rakestraw (phone 1-540-553-1809, fax 1-540-231-9293, email aquaconf@gmail.com, webpage  http://www.recircaqua.com).


Information: George J. Flick, Jr., Virginia Tech, Food Science and Technology Department, Duck Pond Drive, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA.


Sources: 1. RecircAqua.com.  The Eighth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture.  No Date.  Website visit on February 25, 2010.  2. Email to Shrimp News International from George Flick.  Subject: Call for Abstracts—Deadline Extended!  February 24, 2010.


Shortage of Shrimp for Processing


Vietnamese seafood processing plants operate at reduced levels because they can’t get enough product.  Huynh Minh Tuong, Deputy General Director of seafood processor Baseafood, said that every year it needs 20,000 to 25,000 tons of seafood for processing, but that domestic sources can usually only supply 70 percent of it.  Tuong said, “We have been moving heaven and earth to get materials....  The volume of materials caught from wild cannot increase and has even decreased.  Baseafood and other companies use imports from other countries, but even then they can’t get enough.”  According to the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers, the material shortage may last until the end of 2010, especially for shrimp and tra (a finfish).


According to the Ca Mau Province’s Department for Agriculture and Rural Development, seafood-processing plants in the province are now running at 50 percent of designed capacity due to the lack of shrimp.  Fourteen out of 26 plants have had to cut back production or ask workers to stay home.


In An Giang Province, 60 percent of ponds are idle, and the majority of the 23 seafood-processing plants in the province are running at 50-60 percent of capacity.  Farmers, who incurred heavy losses in previous years, have given up farming, which means no material for processing plants.


Tuong from Baseafood said that to overcome these obstacles, his company has changed its business strategy.  Baseafood now focuses on value-added products, allowing it to reduce the volume of materials used while ensuring the same turnover and profit.  The company has also built large cold storage areas so it can accommodate large influxes of product when they occurs, and it is using more farmed product as wild catches decline.


Source: Vietnam Net Bridge.  Seafood Processing Factories Thirsty for Materials.  April 9, 2010.



Minh Phu Processing Company


On April 12, 2010, Minh Phu Corp, Vietnam’s biggest exporter of shrimp products, said its first quarter revenue rose 35.64% from a year earlier, to $31.13 million.  Minh Phu exported 2,904 metric tons of frozen shrimp products between January and March 2010, up 34% from a year earlier.


The firm expects a net profit of $14 million on revenue of $184 million in 2010, compared with a net profit of $12.8 million and revenue of $163 million in 2009.


Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Minh Phu, Vietnam’s Biggest Shrimp Exporter, Says 1st Quarter Revenues Jump 36%.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 1-781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  April 12, 2010.



Farmer Brands His Shrimp


Vo Hong Ngoan, a shrimp farmer in Bac Lieu Province (Mekong Delta), has received an exclusive brand name certificate for “Clean Prawn Farming Sau Ngoan Vietnam” by the National Office of Intellectual Property.  Vo Hong Ngoan farms over 30 hectares of ponds and does not use antibiotics and chemicals.  Many European and Japanese companies have come to his farm and signed contracts to buy shrimp at a price that is 15-30% higher than the market price. [Editor, What does the caption under the picture say?]


Source: Nhan Dan.  First Shrimp Farmer Holds Exclusive Brand Name.  April 13, 2010.


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