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Friday, February 27, 2009

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George Chamberlain

One of Six Nominees for “2009 Person of the Year”


Acknowledging his visionary work to advance the cause of responsible aquaculture worldwide, IntraFish Media has named Global Aquaculture Alliance founder and President George Chamberlain, PhD, as one of its six nominees for “2009 Person of the Year”, a nomination that GAA’s Executive Director Wally Stevens termed “a great honor, well-deserved.”


“We are absolutely delighted that George Chamberlain has been nominated to this prestigious competition,” Stevens said.  “He has never lost sight of the importance of science and of involving stakeholders in building a sustainable future for the global seafood supply that features aquaculture.”


Stevens described Chamberlain as “unique among the nominees for his success in building an international organization that has become the leading standards-setter for aquaculture seafood.”  He added, “George Chamberlain was and continues to be ahead of his time in understanding the importance of addressing issues that are important to the marketplace—food safety, the environment, traceability, animal welfare and social justice.”


IntraFish Media described Chamberlain as “Mr. Perseverance” for his continued efforts to advance GAA’s Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) program, which now certifies tilapia and channel catfish farms as well as shrimp facilities.


Chamberlain, who has led GAA since its founding a decade ago, said his nomination symbolizes the strides the organization has made in advocating responsible aquaculture around the world.  Through the growing international acceptance of BAP standards, more than 200 facilities have been certified around the world.  “This nomination is less about me personally and more about the visionary leaders in industry, academia and the NGO community who have come together to create standards that work today,” Chamberlain said.


The winner of the Person of the Year award will be decided by the votes of IntraFish readers.  To vote for Chamberlain or your favorite nominee, visit http://www.intrafish.com and click the “Cast your vote now” banner.  You have until the end of March to cast your vote, but don’t delay—vote now.  The winner of the award will be announced at the European Seafood Exposition in Brussels, Belgium, in April 2009.


Information: George Chamberlain, Global Aquaculture Alliance, 5661 Telegraph Road, Suite 3-A, St. Louis, Missouri 63129, USA (email georgic@gaalliance.org, phone 314-293-5500 webpage http://www.gaalliance.org).


Information: Jeanne McKnight (Media Contact for the Global Aquaculture Alliance), PhD, President, McKnight and Company Strategic Communications, 7225 Southeast 36th Street, Mercer Island, WA 98040 USA (phone 1-206-230-0404, cell 1-206-963-6478, email jmcknight@mcknightpr.com, webpage http://www.gaalliance.org).


Source: The Global Aquaculture Alliance.  News Release.  Global Aquaculture Alliance President and Founder George Chamberlain Nominated for IntraFish “Person of the Year”.  February 26, 2009.


Earthcare Aquaculture, Inc.


Michael Mogollon, who managed OceanBoy’s shrimp hatchery in Florida, has opened a new shrimp hatchery in central Florida.


Shrimp News: What’s the name of your hatchery?


Michael Mogollon: Earthcare Aquaculture, Inc., in the Clewiston area, south of Lake Okeechobee.


Shrimp News: Are you on the OceanBoy site?


Michael Mogollon: No, this is a new facility on a new site.  About a year ago, when OceanBoy closed its doors, I purchased some its best SPF broodstock, the line that I had been working on for four or five years while I was production manager there.  Now I’m able to continue with that line, which really does well in terms of growth and survival.  In a biosecure system, it outperforms all the other commercial stocks of Penaeus vannamei.


Shrimp News: What’s your plan?


Michael Mogollon: I want to become a supplier of postlarvae to small-scale shrimp farms in the United States.  We’ll have postlarvae available every month of the year.  I think the people that understand the potential of year-round, intensive, shrimp farming in the USA will lead the way to a new industry, and I plan to service that industry.  I want people who are thinking about getting into shrimp farming to know that I’ll be there with seedstock.  Our hatchery is biosecure, zero-discharge and completely recirculating, similar to the one I developed at OceanBoy.


Shrimp News: Do you have PLs for sale now?


Michael Mogollon: Yes.  My production capacity is currently two million PL-9-10s a month, right now, but I will be able to expand that to 6 million if the demand is there.  We can FedEx them anywhere in the continental United States.


Information: J. Michael Mogollon, Earthcare Aquaculture, Inc., 4334 Fox Ridge Drive, Weston, Florida 33331, USA (phone 1-863-599-0603, fax 1-954-349-9344, email jmmogollon@aol.com).


Source: Telephone conversation with Michael Mogollon on February 19, 2009.

How Much $$$$ for a Million Postlarvae?

What If I Need 5,000 PLs in Northern California?

A Discussion from The Shrimp List


Rodrigo Gonzalez (indumarsa1@yahoo.com): What’s the price for one million PL-12s (Penaeus vannamei) around the world?


Ramon Macaraig (monmac52@yahoo.com): On the island of Cebu in the Philippines, one million PL-12s would cost approximately $4,000.  With airfreight, handling, shipping mortality and testing, the average cost for our farms on the island of Mindanao is $5,000 per million.


Jorge Jalil (jalilperna@yahoo.com): In Ecuador the price is $1,200.


Michael Hedenland (sludgemaster@sbcglobal.net): What would be the price to ship 5,000 PLs to northern California, USA?

Dallas Weaver (deweaver@scientifichatcheries.com): Note...Shipping aquaculture animals into northern California, USA, requires approval from the California Department of Fish and Game, which wants to know the health status of the animals.  As a tropical fish importer, however, you could import them as aquarium animals without F&G approval.


Michael Hedenland (sludgemaster@sbcglobal.net): Thanks for your comments.  I spoke to my local Fish and Game office out at the Sacramento Nimbus Dam.  All he said was Grass Valley is an interesting place to be raising shrimp.  I’m just looking for a few thousand juvenile shrimp to grow out, not for resale, just for my own hobby.  Do you know of any SPF suppliers that can sell me the shrimp here in California?  I’ve spent six months looking for a source for Penaeus vannamei and Macrobrachium rosenbergii; but still have not found anyone that can actually sell me shrimp.  Perhaps I should grow my own SPF shrimp here in California?


Josh Wilkenfeld (josh.wilkenfeld@gmail.com): Try contacting Lorenzo Juarez at Shrimp Improvement Systems in Islamorada, Florida, USA (ljuarez@shrimpimprovement.com).  Shrimp Improvement Systems produces Penaeus vannamei broodstock and has a long-established SPF breeding program.  As part of that work, it is always producing some PLs, and during the peak USA stocking season (April-June), it produces for shrimp farmers.  You should have no problem getting the number of PLs you mentioned...and your PLs will be certified high health, with veterinary certificates on their health and origin.  Since the PLs are born and bred in the USA, there are no import hurdles to clear, although the above certificates are still required by most states.


Sean Mulvey (smulvey1@rochester.rr.com): You can buy PLs from Harlingen Shrimp Farms in Texas and Miami Aquaculture in Florida.  A few years back, I went through the same process that you’re going through now.  Here’s some good advice.  Get ready for your first delivery of PLs.  Once you make a deal with one of the hatcheries, you must have a tank or large aquarium set up at the right water temperature to receive the bags of postlarvae.  You have to slowly acclimate them to your water, but you can’t keep them in the delivery bags very long.  You may need a bottle of oxygen to give them a little boost during the acclimation process.


Dallas Weaver (deweaver@scientifichatcheries.com): Shrimp Improvement Systems (1-305-852-0872) in Florida and some producers in Hawaii have SPF shrimp that qualify for a California F&G import permit.  Devin Bartley (1-916-651-7824) is the Aquaculture Coordinator at California Fish and Game and can help you with the details.  If you call the PLs ornamentals and take delivery of SPF animals via FedEx, there should be no issues.


Louis Botero (botero_fernando@yahoo.com): Here is Michael Mogollon’s contact information (phone 1-863-599-0603, email jmmogollon@aol.com).


Roberto Chamorro (acua_rjc@yahoo.com): Back to the original inquiry: $4.00 per thousand, FOB Panama, certified free of WSSV, IHHNV, NHP and IMNV.  If you’re interested, contact me off list.


Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers).  PL-12 Price.  January 29 to February 21, 2009.


Country Reports



Ceara—Update, Statistics and Projections


Cristiano Peixoto Maia, president of the Shrimp Sector Chamber (an association of shrimp farmers, founded January 23, 2009, in the state of Ceara), thinks the new association will help farmers increase production by 30% in 2009—in spite of the international economic crisis.  He predicts production of 26,000 metric tons in 2009, compared to 20,000 tons in 2008.


For that forecast to come true, the industry will need some favorable rulings from the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Renewable Resources.  Over the last five years, farmed shrimp production in Ceara has fallen 33%, from 30,000 tons in 2003 to 20,000 tons in 2008.  According to Maia, the USA dumping tariffs only partly explain the plummet in exports.  Shrimp diseases, the depreciation of the USA dollar and an increase in domestic consumption also contributed to the drop.  In 2003, 80% of the crop was exported.  Today, 90% is consumed in the domestic market.  Maia said regulations, environmental permits and credit were the industry’s biggest problems.


In 2008, the industry produced 20,000 metric tons of shrimp from 5,665 hectares of ponds, averaging 3,600 kilograms per hectare per year.  Currently, there are 180 shrimp farms in Ceara (32 in Acarau, 20 in Coreau, 12 in Mundau-Curu, 86 in Baixo Jaguaribe and 30 in Medio Jaguaribe).  The state has 23 large farms, 78 medium-sized farms and 79 small farms.


Source: FIS United StatesCeara shrimp producers out to vitalise sector.  Analia Murias (email editorial@fis.com, webpage http://www.fis.com).  February 12, 2009.


British Virgin Islands

Lobster Farm Scheduled to Harvest First Crop in 2009


Caribbean Sustainable Fisheries (CSF), a lobster farm on the island of Tortola, hopes to market its first crop of spiny lobsters in 2009!


The Venulum Group (a multi-national private wealth management firm) is a major shareholder in CSF.  Venulum specializes in alternative investments that are often not available to the general public.  It was formed in 2002, and now has offices in four countries.  It has a substantial number of clients in the USA.


Information: Chris Pattison, CJP Intelligent Marketing, 53–54 Brooks Mews, London W1K 4EG, United Kingdom (phone +44-(0)-207-491-4443, email enquiries@pr-sending.co.uk, webpage http://www.letscreate.it).


Source: eNewsWire.  British Virgin Island’s Sustainable Fisheries Project links up with University of Plymouth’s Marine Institute for PhD Placement.  Anita Rienstra.  February 10, 2009.



Graduate Student Positions in Lobster Health


The AVC Lobster Science Centre has four research positions open for students in the area of lobster health.


Three of the positions involve the use of a recently developed American lobster (Homarus americanus) DNA microarray to explore changes in lobster gene expression.  The fourth position will examine the role of hemolymph biochemistry panels to evaluate nutritional, molt recovery and female reproductive status.


Familiarity with field sampling techniques, lobster biology and basic laboratory skills are desired, but not required.


Students are expected to develop a thesis, take graduate courses and present their results at regional, national and international meetings and publish in high-quality journals.


Positions to begin as early as September 2009 with funding for two years.


Interested students are expected to have a BSc or DVM degree.  Students possessing a DVM degree are strongly encouraged to apply.  All applicants must submit a letter profiling their research interests and outlining practical experience, course work in marine biology, molecular biology, biochemistry, aquaculture, aquatic biology and related subjects.  University transcripts, an updated curriculum vitae, and the names and contact information for three professional references are also required.


Submit questions and applications to: Dr. Spencer Greenwood, Microarray Projects/Hemolymph Biochemistry Projects, AVC Lobster Science Centre and Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue Charlottetown, PEI C1A 4P3, Canada (email sgreenwood@upei.ca, phone 1-902-566-6002).


Source: Crust-L, an email-based mailing list for crustacean scientists (To subscribe, send an email to LISTPROC@VIMS.EDU.  In the body of the email, put SUBSCRIBE CRUST-L).  Subject: Lobster health positions.  From: Jeffrey Shields (jeff@vims.edu).  February 18, 2009.



Enzyme Allows Reduction of Fishmeal in Crustacean Diets


Jefo Nutrition has introduced a new product called “AG 175”, a stable protease enzyme that optimizes protein utilization in fish and crustacea, allowing for the reduction of fishmeal and the increase of alternative proteins in aquatic diets.


Source: AllAboutFeeds.netJEFO Nutrition Inc. introduces new feed additive.  February 11, 2009.



Andhra Pradesh—News


Tiger Shrimp News: On February 12, 2009, Shri Sharad Pawar, India’s Agriculture Minister, said, “I am happy to inform you that there is considerable progress in the construction of a multiplication centre for tiger prawn in Srikakulam District of Andhra Pradesh.”  The work is under the technical guidance of Moana Hong Kong and Moana India.  It is expected that the first shrimp seedstock will be available by January/February 2010.  Meanwhile, a jump-start program to demonstrate the usefulness of SPF shrimp seed has been initiated and the results have been encouraging.


White Shrimp News: In collaboration with the Marine Products Development Authority (MPEDA) and the Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture, the Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) is establishing a quarantine facility in Chennai for testing SPF Penaeus vannamei broodstock.  CAA has registered hatcheries and farms and has initiated rules for importing broodstock.  Some farms will stock P. vannamei in 2009!


Insurance News: Shri Sharad Pawar also said, “I am of the view that insurance coverage becomes a prerequisite for liberal working capital flow from the banks.”  He said the National Fisheries Development Board should negotiate a workable model for shrimp farming insurance with the involvement of public and private companies.  If needed, NFDB may subsidize shrimp farming insurance for a couple of years.


Source: Press Information Bureau.  Target to Increase Fish Production by 50 Percent in Three Years/National Fisheries Development Board Meets Today.  Shri Pawar.  February 12, 2009.


Sonora—Maritech To Be Resurrected!


Backed by the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), the National Aquaculture and Fisheries Commission (CONAPESCA) and $1.7 million in new investment capital, Maritech, a 560-hectare shrimp farm at the top of the Gulf of California, formerly run by Mark Rosenblum, will be resurrected.


Source: 1. FIS United StatesFishers invest USD 1.7 mln in shrimp farm.  Analia Murias (email editorial@fis.com, webpage http://www.fis.com).  February 11, 2009.  2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, February 19, 2009.



Sonora—Shrimp Farm Site For Sale


Juan Fernandez (juanfernandez150@gmail.com): For Sale...500 hectares of raw land with two kilometers of beachfront in Bahia de Kino, Sonora, Mexico.  Topography and environmental studies are available.  The owner of property lives in El Paso, Texas, and can be reached at 1-915-373-7944.  He will consider a joint venture, a long-term lease or an outright sale.  Proposed shrimp farm plans are available.


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Juan Fernandez on February 12, 2009.


United States

Arizona—2009 Shrimp Pathology Short Course


Sponsored by the University of Arizona Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology and in cooperation with the USDA Marine Shrimp Farming Program, Dr. Donald Lightner’s “2009 Shrimp Pathology Short Course” will be held on June 1-12, 2009.


Registration is limited to 30.


Deposit ($100) and early registration deadline April 1, 2009.


Cost: $1,500 if deposit is received on or before April 1, 2009; $2,000 if deposit is received on or after April 2, 2009.


Accommodations: Both single and double rooms are available at the nearby Sheraton Four Points Hotel at $65.00 per night.  On campus dormitory rooms are also available for $27.00 per night for a single room and $46.00 per night ($23.00 per person) for a double room.


At least two lectures are scheduled each day.  The following topics will be covered:


1. Course introduction, purpose, scope and schedule.

2. Introduction to gross anatomy and normal histology.

3. Whitespot disease (WSSV).

4. The baculovirus and baculo-like virus diseases including MBV, BP and BMN.

5. Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus, hepatopancreatic virus and
other parvovirus diseases.

6. Taura syndrome, infectious myonecrosis, yellowhead and other RNA viral diseases.

7. Bacterial, rickettsial and fungal diseases.

8. Surface fouling diseases.

9. Nutritional diseases.

10. Toxic and environmental disease syndromes.

11. Diseases of unknown or uncertain etiologies.

12. Parasitic diseases.

13. Methods of disease prevention and treatment.

14. New diagnostic procedures.


There will be two lab sessions per day.  Topics to be covered in the labs include:


1. Fixation procedures for routine histology.

2. Standard histological techniques.

3. Normal histology and post-mortem change of principal organs and tissues.

4. Wet mount diagnostic procedures.

5. PCR/RT-PCR and gene probes for diagnosis of viral diseases.

6. Antibody-based methods for diagnosis of viral diseases.

7. Isolation, culture, identification and antibiotic sensitivity of bacterial isolates.

8. Histopathology of viral, bacterial, rickettsial, fouling, parasitic, toxic and nutritional



Staff at the Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology


D.V. Lightner, PhD, Professor, Specialist in the diseases of farmed shrimp.

C.R. Pantoja, PhD, Associate Research Professor, Shrimp Pathologist.

K.Tang-Nelson, PhD, Associate Research Professor, Molecular Virologist.

L.L. Mohney, MS, Microbiologist.

S.A. Navarro, BS, PCR Techniques, Microbiologist.

R.M. Redman, HT, Histotechnologist.


Information: Rita Redman or Dr. Donald Lightner, The University of Arizona, Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, Aquaculture Pathology Laboratory, 1117 E. Lowell Street, Room 102, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA (phone 1-520-621-8414, fax 1-520-621-4899, email ritar@email.arizona.edu or dvl@email.arizona.edu).


Source: The newsletter of the United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program.  Headline News.  Register Now!  Shrimp pathology short course at Univ of Arizona June 09.  Donald Lightner.  February 15, 2009.

United States

Florida—Shrimp Improvement Systems, Postlarvae Available


Shrimp Improvement Systems (SIS), primarily an exporter of specific pathogen free shrimp broodstock (Penaeus vannamei), will be selling SPF postlarvae in the USA throughout 2009.  SIS is owned by Indonesia’s PT Central Proteinaprima (CP Prima), arguably the largest shrimp farming operation in the world.


Information: Lorenzo Juarez, General Manager, Shrimp Improvement Systems, LLC, (and President of the World Aquaculture Society), 88005 Overseas Highway 10-166, Islamorada, FL 33036 USA (phone 1-305-852-0872, ext. 23, cell 1-305-394-3597, fax 1-305-852-0874, email ljuarez@shrimpimprovement.com, web page http://www.shrimpimprovement.com/home.html).


Source: Telephone conversation with Lorenzo Juarez on February 24, 2009.


United States

Maine—SeafoodSource.com Reports on USA Shrimp Imports


According to figures released by the National Marine Fisheries Service, USA shrimp imports in 2008 were 562.5 million kilograms, up 1.3 percent from 2007!  Shrimp imports from Thailand, by far the number one supplier to the USA, reached 182.4 million kilograms in 2008, down 3.2 percent from the previous year.  Imports from Ecuador, China and Mexico were also down.  Imports from Indonesia, now the number two supplier to the USA, neared 84 million kilograms, up an astounding 42.2 percent from 2007.  Vietnam and Malaysia also supplied more shrimp in 2008, with imports up 21.9 and 32 percent, respectively, over 2007.


Source: SeafoodSource.com.  Editor, Steven Hedlund.  U.S. Imports of Shrimp, Tilapia Up, Salmon Down in 2008.  February 12, 2009.

United States

Nebraska—Fish Meal Replacement


This study evaluated “Propak Plus” (H.J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Westport, Connecticut, USA), a commercial animal protein concentrate, as a replacement for fish meal in Litopenaeus vannamei diets.  Propak Plus is composed of prime-grade, low-ash poultry meal, flash-dried blood meal, menhaden fish meal, DL-methionine and lysine sulfate.


Based on the study’s findings, 5-10% of Propak Plus could be used to replace 30-50% of the fishmeal in L. vannamei feeds—if all other nutritional requirements were met.


Source: The World Aquaculture Society Website.  Conferences/World Aquaculture 2009/Program Schedule and Abstracts/Meeting Sessions by Day/Water Quality.  Replacement of Fishmeal by a Blended Animal Protein Concentrate in Litopenaeus vannamei Diets.  A. Victor Suresh (victors@integratedaquaculture.com), Alberto J.P. Nunes, George W. Chamberlain and Steven Gately (Integrated Aquaculture International, 3303 West Twelfth Street, Hastings, Nebraska 68902-0609, USA, Webpage).


United States

Texas—Harlingen Shrimp Farms, Postlarvae Available


Fritz Jaenike, manager of Harlingen Shrimp Farms, reports that he’s getting his hatchery ready for the postlarvae stocking season in Texas and will have postlarvae available for sale outside of Texas.


Information: Fritz Jaenike, Harlingen Shrimp Farms, Ltd., Route 3, Box 300-K, Centerline Road, Los Fresnos, Texas 78566, USA (phone 1-956-233-5723, fax 1-956-233-9779, email hsfbayview@compuserve.com, webpage http://www.harlingenshrimp.com/).


Source: Telephone conversation with Fritz Jaenike on February 24, 2009.


United States

Texas-Farmed Shrimp Production in 2009


Farmed Shrimp Production in Texas in 2008
PLs Used
AAA Michael
Harlingin Shrimp Farms
SS San Tung
Bowers Shrimp Farm
St. Martin
Texas A&M Univ
Permian Sea
Natural Shrimp



Information: Granvil Treece, Aquaculture Specialist, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 2700 Earl Rudder Freeway South, Suite 1800, College Station, Texas 77845 USA (phone 1-979-845-7527, fax1-979-845-7525, email g-treece@neo.tamu.edu, website http://texas-sea-grant.tamu.edu).


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Granvil Treece on February 13, 2009.


United States

Texas—Aerators For Sale


Tommy Ervin (tge53@hotmail.com): Six used aerators for sale.  Four are on floats and two are on axles.  Contact me for pricing, specifications and any other information.  Call Tommy at 1-432-634-9421 or email me at the above address.


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Tommy Ervin on February 18, 2009.


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