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Friday, August 10 2007

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Shrimp Farming in Indonesia

540,000 Tons by 2009!

This USA Department of Agriculture report predicts a huge increase in the production of Indonesia farmed shrimp over the next two years.


In 2005, Indonesia’s shrimp farming area was estimated at 132,800 hectares, with Penaeus monodon farms accounting for 65 percent of the hectares and P. vannamei farms for 35 percent.  This report predicts the number of hectares will almost double by the end of 2009.  P. monodon hectarage will increase over 60 percent, but will only account for a little over half of total shrimp farming area.  P. vannamei shrimp farming area will increase 160 percent and account for 47 percent of total farm area.  Most of the development will be on eastern and central Java, southern and northern Sumatra, and western Kalimantan.



Farmed Shrimp Production in Indonesia by Species and Year
(metric tons)





2004 2005
Black Tiger Shrimp 103,603 112,840 133,636 131,399 134,686
White Shrimp (not Vannamei) 25,862 24,708 35,249 33,797 27,088
Metapenaeid Shrimp 19,093 21,634 22,881 19,929 13,731
White Shrimp, Vannamei ----- ----- ----- 53,217 103,847
Mysids 610 415 700 226 164
149,168 159,597 192,466 238,568 279,543



The Indonesian government has announced its 2006-2009 strategic plan for shrimp farm development with the goal of producing 540,000 tons of farmed shrimp in 2009.  To meet this goal, the industry will require:


• 52 billion postlarvae (9.7 billion monodon and 42.5 billion vannamei)

• 600,000 imported specific pathogen free broodstock

• 300,000 locally produced broodstock


Currently, seedstock is supplied by large and small hatcheries.  The total number of shrimp hatcheries is 810 (521 small-scale, 264 private and 25 government).  Some of the broodstock is imported from the USA (Hawaii and Florida).  To reduce its dependence on shrimp broodstock imports, breeding centers are being developed on the islands of Java, Sulawesi and Sumatra.



Farmed Shrimp Production in Indonesia in 2005
by Species and Province (metric tons)

(not Vannamei)
Sumatra 61,822 2,801 609 94,708 11
Java 29,306 19,839 10,433 1,782 153
Bali-Nusa Tenggara 1,200 536 18 5,183 -----
Kalimantan 9,284 3,489 45 1,489 -----
Sulawesi 32,611 406 2,626 712 -----
Maluku-Papua 459 17 ----- ----- -----
134,682 27,088 13,731 103,874 164



In 2005, shrimp feed mill capacity was 450,000 tons a year.  Estimated sales during 2005 were 240,000 tons, excluding feeds produced by large farms with their own feed mills.  Shrimp feed is produced by 20 companies.  To meet government targets for 2009, an additional 128,000 tons of shrimp feed will be needed.  Total demand will be 182,000 tons of shrimp feed for monodon production and 395,000 tons of shrimp feed for vannamei production.  The Indonesian Shrimp Feed Association forecasts that imports of fishmeal, much of it used in shrimp feeds, will reach 850,000 tons in 2007, up 21 percent from an estimated 700,000 tons in 2006.  Feed can represent over 50 percent of the production cost in intensive shrimp farming in Indonesia.


In most cases, fishermen and traditional shrimp farmers do not have access to a wide range of buyers, processors, and cold storage providers.  Most deliver their harvests to the closest processor, where it is stored in plastic drums layered with ice.  Others sell to private traders called “collectors”, who buy shrimp pondside and then deliver it to processors, supermarkets and other institutions.  Some collectors work at the village level and pass on the raw materials to regional collectors.  Collectors often provide loans to shrimp farmers to ensure the farmers remain loyal to them.  Throughout Indonesia, there are 443 cold storage facilities that process fish and shrimp.  About a fourth of them specialize in shrimp processing.  This represents a drop in the number of fish and shrimp processors due to small margins and limited supply.


Cold storage facilities that meet government requirements get an approval code and test their shrimp to make sure it meets health requirements.  In 2005, there were 14 laboratories in Indonesia equipped with PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) testing capability, and six of them had ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay) testing capability.  In addition, the European Union provided three LCMSMS machines (Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry/Mass Spectrometry) for use in government laboratories to test for nitrofuran residues.  The antibiotics and hazardous chemicals that the European Union found in Indonesian shrimp are thought to have come from shrimp feed and from shrimp seedstock that originated at small hatcheries.  To address export market trade restrictions due to antibiotics and pesticides, the government is introducing farmers to biosecurity practices.


Indonesian exporters have found that the Japanese prefer monodon to vannamei.  Europeans, however, like monodon and vannamei equally well, while Americans prefer vannamei to monodon.


Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.  GAIN Report Global Agriculture Information Network.  Indonesia Fishery Products Shrimp Report 2007 (http://www.fas.usda.gov/gainfiles/200707/146291660.pdf).  GAIN Report Number: ID7024.  Approved by Elisa Wagner, USA Embassy.  Prepared by Fahwani Y. Rangkuti.  July 8, 2007.


Country Reports



Lawmaker Grabs Shrimp Farm


 In January 2007, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) was removed from power by the military.


On July 29, 2007, ex-BNP lawmaker Mah Salim and 14 other BNP leaders were sued for extortion and the grabbing of shrimp farms.  Mejbahuzzaman Tipu, the owner of a shrimp farm in Rampal Upazila, filed a case against Mah with the Rampal police station.  Mejbahuzzaman alleged that Mah, at the behest of BNP leaders, demanded a protection fee of $14,571.  Mejbahuzzaman said: “As I did not pay the money, the accused ransacked my shrimp enclosure on May 7, 2002, and took away $8,014.29 from the cash box.  They also beat up the workers, drove them away and occupied the shrimp farm.”


So far 13 cases have been filed against Mah on charge of extortion and the grabbing of land and shrimp farms.


The military arrested Mah in Dhaka on March 7, 2007.


Source: The Daily Star.  Ex-BNP MP Salim sued for extortion (http://www.thedailystar.net/2007/07/31/d70731014429.htm).  July 31, 2007.


Integrated Aquaculture International


Integrated Aquaculture International (IAI), a technology company dedicated to improving the efficiency and sustainability of aquaculture, is pleased to announce two additions to its team of experts.

Dr. Kerry Claydon recently joined IAI as the Director of Aquatic Animal Health.  Kerry obtained her doctoral degree in microbiology from James Cook University in Queensland, Australia.  Her Ph.D. research specialization was crustacean cell culture.  She is experienced in immunohistochemistry, histopathology, DNA extraction and sequencing, viral isolation and purification and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).  Kerry will be managing the Aquatic Animal Health Laboratory in IAI’s joint project with the Department of Fisheries (DOF) of Brunei Darussalam to produce specific pathogen free shrimp lines.

Dr. A. Victor Suresh recently joined IAI as the Director of Nutrition and Feeds.  Victor received his bachelor’s, master’s and Ph.D. degrees in fisheries and aquaculture in India, Thailand and the USA, respectively.  He has 11 years experience in commercial feed formulation, product development, technical service, research program management and new business start up.  Victor will be based in his home country, India, and travel internationally to support IAI’s clients in Asia, Europe and Latin America.


Drs. Claydon and Suresh will participate in the International Shrimp Health Workshop, organized by IAI and DOF in Brunei Darussalam on August 13-15, 2007.


Integrated Aquaculture International, LLC® (IAI), was founded in 2004 by technical experts Dr. George Chamberlain and Christopher Howell and agribusiness leader Kenneth Morrison on the premise that in real production environments, meaningful solutions require a holistic approach integrating such disciplines as health, genetics, nutrition and sound management.


IAI, headquartered in Hastings, Nebraska, USA, is assisted by a team of technical advisors including pathologist Dr. Donald Lightner of the University of Arizona, USA; geneticist Dr. John Rocha of Genearch Aquaculture, Brazil; and nutritionist Dr. Ronald Hardy of the University of Idaho, USA.  The company also extends its integration philosophy to its network of clients in the Americas, Europe and Asia to help them benefit from the synergy of collaboration.


Information: George Chamberlain, Integrated Aquaculture International, 5661 Telegraph Road, Suite 3A, Saint Louis, Missouri 63129 USA (phone 314-293-5500, fax 314-293-5525, email georgec@integratedaquaculture.com, website www.integratedaquaculture.com).


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from George Chamberlain (Georgec@gaalliance.org) at Integrated Aquaculture International.  Subject: IAI Press Release.  July 27, 2007.



Dumping Duties Dropped


On July 27, 2007, Ecuador became the first country to win total suspension of the shrimp dumping duties that were imposed by the USA Department of Commerce.  The latest date on which the duties will be abolished is August 20, 2007.  The USA Customs Department will release all bonds and refund all cash deposits to importers on or after the effective date.  Ecuador won its case at the World Trade Organization by arguing that the practice of “zeroing” [a statistical procedure that leads to artificial and inflated dumping duties] was illegal.  The lawyers representing Ecuador, Warren Connolly and Michael Kaye of Akin Gump, said the decision was final.  No further appeals will be allowed.


Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Ecuador shrimp duties to be revoked by Aug. 20th, as SSA appeal fails.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  July 27, 2007.





Ocialis is the aquaculture business of Evialis.  Evialis became a significant player in aquaculture feeds in 1996 with the construction in Brazil of a extruded fish feed mill, followed by a shrimp feed mill in 1998.  In 1995, it started fish feed production in Indonesia.  In 2003, it started shrimp and fish feed production in Vietnam, and, in 2006, it tripled production capacity at its Vietnamese aqua feed mill.  Ocialis’s feed mills in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, produce feeds for the black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon), the western white shrimp (P. vannamei) and the freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii).


Source: Aqua Culture AsiaPacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com).  Relationships, partnerships and innovation in aquaculture marketing.  Volume 3, Number 4, Page 34, July/August 2007.


Pescanova Purchases Ladex


Pescanova, the largest shrimp distributor in Europe, has purchased Ladex Corp, which offers shrimp fishermen and farmers in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and Venezuela a way to band together and market their products in the USA and Europe.  Ladex’s 400 customers include retailers Costco and Albertsons and food distributors servicing hotels and restaurants.  It’s a vertically integrated operation that allows it to capture several layers of profit margins.  All told, Ladex markets about 60 million pounds of shrimp a year, generating more than $100 million in annual income, for which it receives a fixed commission of 5% to 7%.


Rafael Bru, the new President and COO at Ladex, says, “We are excited to be part of one of the world leaders in our industry.  ...Combined with Ladex’s market expertise in the USA and Pescanova’s diverse and plentiful production, we are poised for strong growth over the next five to seven years.”


Domingo R. Moreira, Ladex’s previous president and CFO, will continue as Chief Executive Officer.  At 60, Moreira looks at the future of the shrimp industry and sees something that resembles the present poultry industry.  The Moreira family has interests in feed mills, a shrimp hatchery, a processing plant and two Guatemalan shrimp farms.  It markets shrimp under the “Maya” and “Sunday’s Best” brands.


Sources: 1. Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Ladex comments on Pescanova deal; Moreira to stay on as CEO.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  July 25, 2007.  2. Florida Trend.com.  Shrimp Giant (http://www.floridatrend.com/print_article.asp?aID=44830).  Mike Vogel.  July 1, 2006.



Orissa—Shrimp Farms To Be Demolished


 In the state of Orissa (northeast coast), Arabinda Dhali, state unit president, has demanded immediate demolition of shrimp farms near Balasore because they restrict the flow of floodwater to the ocean.  After visiting flooded areas of Balasore and Bhadrak, Dhali told the media that shrimp farms along the Balasore coast caused large-scale damage to the people during recent floods.


Source: NewIndpress.com.  Demolish prawn gheries at Balasore: Dhali (http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEQ20070727015248&Page=Q&Title=
ORISSA&Topic=0).  July 27, 2007.



New Shrimp Hatchery Feed


Tuticorin...The Fisheries College and Research Institute (FCRI) has developed a unique single cell diet that can be used as a cost-effective substitute for microalgae and Artemia cysts at shrimp hatcheries.  Called “Marine Single Cell Detritus (MSCD)”, it was derived from seaweed by a team scientists at FCRI led by S. Felix, a professor at FCRI’s Biotechnology Centre.


V.K. Venkataramani, the FCRI Dean, said that Felix’s team uses a two-stage process to make MSCD.  In the first stage, seaweed is treated with an enzyme that breaks it down into single cells.  In the second stage, the single cell mass is fermented with bacteria and yeast to form the product.  According to Dr. Venkataramani, a series of tests conducted by the institute proved that MSCD had distinct advantages over traditional feeds like microalgae and Artemia cysts.  MSCD is 20 percent less expensive than Artemia and its manufacturing process is simpler than the one for microalgae culture.  In addition, the new diet possesses bioremediation properties that protect animals from disease and improve water quality.


MSCD has 35 percent crude protein, and it can be stored at room temperature for a year.  Dr. Venkataramani said that the institute planned to commercialize its production after obtaining a patent.  “We will disseminate the technology through training sessions to hatchery owners who are interested in mass production,” he added.


Source: The Hindu.  Unique diet developed for shrimp (http://www.hindu.com/2007/07/31/stories/2007073157820100.htm).  R. Vimal Kumar.  July 31, 2007.



CP Prima


On July 31, 2007, shrimp farmer PT Central Proteinaprima (CP Prima) announced that its net profit for the first half of the year surged 36.2 percent to $17,399,136, from $12,771,763 a year earlier.


In the first half of 2007, sales rose to $278,394,785, compared to $256,897,118 in the first half of 2006.  Operating profit rose to $26,869,933, from $19,733,783.


Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Indonesia’s CP Prima first-half year net profit up 36.2 percent on higher sales.  Ken Coons (phone 781-861-1441, email kencoons@seafood.com).  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  July 31, 2007.



Shrimp Farm Ponzi Scheme Exposed


On July 31, 2007, the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department searched the offices of World Ocean Farm, an investment company, on suspicion that it fraudulently raised $500 million from about 40,000 people for a shrimp farming venture in the Philippines.


World Ocean Farm was established in July 2001 and had branch offices in Osaka, Nagoya, Fukuoka and other cities.  It started holding nationwide information sessions on the project in 2005.  Prospective investors were told that if they invested $842 they would receive dividends every 10 days, with their money doubling within a year.  Only a fraction of the investors’ money went into the development of the Philippine shrimp farm; the rest was used to pay dividends and line the pockets of the developers.


World Ocean Farm started to miss dividend payments in the autumn of 2006 and in January 2007 informed investors that it would no longer pay dividends.


The MPD launched its investigation in June 2007 after about 50 people filed complaints.  Probes revealed that the Philippine-based company involved in the project was a small firm operating on a far smaller scale than investors had been led to believe.


Sources: 1. Daily Yomiuri Online.  Investment firm searched over 60 bil. yen shrimp scam (http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/20070801TDY02008.htm).  Yomiuri Shimbun.  August 1, 2007.  2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, August 7, 2007.





In Sonora, whitespot has been completely controlled, and there is no evidence of its reappearance.


About a third of Sonora’s shrimp farms are ready for “preharvest” says Miguel Huberto Olea Ruiz, president of the local sanitation and quality control committee that sets harvest policy for shrimp farms in Sonora.  Of the 18,000 hectares under cultivation, about 6,288 hectares, representing 37 farms, have received preharvest permits.  Olea Ruiz said that farms must prove consistent good quality and proper salinity and sanitation practices as a prerequisite to obtaining a preharvest permit.  Those who do not follow proper salinity and sanitation practices could be severely sanctioned by the State Government in accordance with state agricultural laws.


Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  5,777 tons of Mexican farmed shrimp cleared for ‘preharvest’ from Sonora shrimp farms in August 2007.  Translated by Angel Rubio Canas.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  July 25, 2007.



Job—Shrimp Farm Manager


Bentoot Seafood Company has a job opening for a shrimp farm manager:


Salary: $5,000 a month.

Requirements: 16 years of experience in Penaeus monodon farming, a diploma in fisheries technology and a thorough understanding of international trade.

Closing Date: September 29, 2007.


Information: A. Kumar (phone 00-91-9842-433130, fax 00-91-4331-253070, email haks_2005@yahoo.co.in).


Source: AquaNic (The Aquaculture Network Information Center, a gateway to the world’s electronic aquaculture resources, http://aquanic.org/index.htm).  Jobs Directory (http://www.aquanic.org/Text/job_serv.htm)/In cooperation with the WAS Employment Service.  Search jobs (http://aquanic.org/jobs/search.asp).  Shrimp Farm Manager (http://aquanic.org/jobs/jobinfo.asp?jobid=2382).  Posted July 27, 2007.



Prawn Farm For Sale


A fully operational, 10-hectare aquaculture farm (8 hectares of milkfish ponds and 2 hectares of prawn ponds) with a small warehouse, a 200-square-meter modern resthouse and fruit-bearing trees, in Dagupan City, Pangasinan, is for sale for $697,751.  Offer expires on January 24, 2008.


Source: Sulit.com.ph.  Prawn Farm & Bangus Fish Pond For Sale (http://www.sulit.com.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/39968/prawn+farm+&+bangus+fish+pond+for+sale).  July 28, 2007.



Wants Help from Indonesia with Shrimp Farming


Jakarta...On July 28, 2007, Mohammad Al Amin Kabashi Isaa, Sudan’s minister of agriculture and forestry, said, “We wish to cooperate with Indonesia, especially in shrimp pond farming.”


Source: Sudan Tribune.  Sudan cooperates with Indonesia to develop fishery sector (http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article23042).  July 30, 2007.



Bioshield Protects Shrimp from Whitespot


The “bioshield” team from Mahidol University won the Best Niche Technology award at a recent entrepreneurs competition in Taiwan.  The team has developed a substance called “bioshield”, which, when mixed with shrimp feed, protects shrimp from whitespot.


Source: The Nation.  Two Thai teams win global TIC Talentrepreneur awards (http://nationmultimedia.com/2007/07/28/business/business_30042786.php).  August 1, 2007.



Jobs—High Health Thailand


Thai Union Feed Mill, a subsidiary of Thai Union Frozen Products and a leading producer and exporter of shrimp and fish feeds, has formed a joint venture with High Health Aquaculture, a USA-based broodstock facility, to produce specific pathogen free, fast-growing, Taura-virus-resistant shrimp nauplii and postlarvae in Thailand.


Dr. Jim Wyban, president of High Health Aquaculture in Hawaii, says, “We recently finished construction and are beginning operations.  We are now hiring technical and administration staff.”


Information: James Wyban, Ph.D., High Health Aquaculture, Inc., P.O. Box 1095, Kurtistown, HI 96760 USA (phone 808-982-9163, fax 808-982-9163, email jim.wyban@gmail.com, webpages www.hihealthshrimp.com and www.spfgenetics.com).


Sources: 1. The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, “shrimp-subscribe@yahoogroups.com”).  Subject: [shrimp].  From: wyban@hawaiiantel.net.  July 29, 2007.  2. Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). Thai Union expands vertically integrated shrimp production with joint broodstock venture High Health.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com). March 9, 2007.



A Penaeus vannamei Farm


lnteqcFeed Co., Ltd., a top shrimp feed manufacturer, owns seven shrimp farms in Thailand.  Saksahakorn Khongsamat who runs Inteqc’s “IT Farm 11” in Phang-Nga Province says the switch to Penaeus vannamei from P. monodon required many changes in the farm’s growout strategy.


The 17-hectare farm has nine half-hectare ponds and three reservoir ponds totaling 1.6 hectares.  Ponds are 1.8 to 2 meters deep.  Water intake for the farm is from a canal 5 kilos from the open sea.  Reservoir water is treated with potassium permanganate and manganese oxide and is filtered through 90-100 micron nets before it enters the shrimp ponds.  Pond water is only exchanged during poor water conditions or when brown algae proliferate.


The average salinity is 20-25 parts per thousand, but it can sometimes increase to 38 ppt.  The lowest average daily growth rate at the farm (0.1 gram a day) was attributed to high salinity.  The farm plans to use an underground, freshwater source to better control salinity.  Variation in water temperature is another problem.  Saksahakorn said that this problem would be addressed in the deeper ponds (3 meters) that are under construction.


All ponds are stocked with PL-12s at 125 per square meter.  Kuna Labs, a sister company in Phuket, supplies the PLs.  SPF and GSR-Taura broodstock (specific pathogen free and Taura syndrome resistant) are supplied by Kona Bay Marine Resources, in Hawaii, USA.  Postlarvae sell for $2.40 to $3.00 a thousand.


With five feedings a day, the shrimp reach at least 15 grams in two months on a vannamei diet containing 36-38% crude protein.  Feeding starts on the twentieth day of growout, at 40% of body weight per day, which is reduced to 7% after one month.


In Phuket, Phang-Nga and the surrounding areas, small-scale farmers use partial harvests to offset the high cost of stocking large numbers of PLs.  The first harvest is usually carried out at two months when shrimp reach 100-150 animals per kilo.  The second harvest comes a month later at 60-70 animals per kilo and the third follows in the fourth month at 50 animals per kilo.  The fourth harvest comes after five months and produces 40 animals per kilo.


Prices for small shrimp are on the decline.  For counts less than 100 shrimp a kilo, the price was $3.35 in 2006 and $2.28 in 2007.  Production costs are generally around $3.35 to $4.02 a kilo based on a survival rate of 80%.  Feeds account for 40% of production costs, energy 20%, labor 10-15%, and chemicals/water treatment 5%.  Ten long arm aerators are used for each half-hectare pond.  No probiotics are used at the farm.


At a minimum, the farm expects to produce 18 metric tons per hectare per crop.  So far, it has managed to increase yields to approximately 30 tons per hectare per crop!  All the ponds at the farm are functional.  With decreasing prices, the farm is compelled to increase yields.  It will increase stocking densities to 187 PLs per square meter in its newer, deeper ponds and extend the growout period to six months to produce larger shrimp, 50 animals per kilo, which will sell for an estimated $4.35 a kilo.


Source: Aqua Culture AsiaPacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com).  The importance of setting KPIs in P. vannamei farming in South Thailand.  Zuridah Merican.  Volume 3, Number 4, Page 13, July/August 2007.


United States

California—Shrimp News International—Print Me


Hi, I’ve reformatted this page so that it prints out nicely.  Just hit the print button on your computer, and you’ll get a newsletter that you can read anywhere.


Source: Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, August 10, 2007.


United States

Maryland—Alec Forbes


From 2004 through most of 2006, Dr. Alec Forbes, a shrimp farming consultant who has developed innovative shrimp farms all over the world, worked for Namibia’s (southwest Africa) Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources.  Alec wanted to try shrimp farming in Namibia.  In late 2006, however, he was medivacked to Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, USA, with a severe lung problem that required a transplant.


On August 5, 2007, the Forbes family reported:


Hi all, just a quick message to let you know that Alec went in for his lung transplant surgery on July 24, 2007.  After a few complications, he is starting to recover.  He is on dialysis because his kidneys suffered some damage from all the drugs during the surgery.  He is starting to wake up now.  He just recently started responding to commands to squeeze hands, which means he is understanding more now.


On August 6, 2007, I chatted with Anthony Forbes, Alec’s eldest son, who said the current prognosis was that Alec would have a slow, three-month recovery, but that he was “not out of the woods yet” and that the kidney problem could mean long-term dialysis.


[Editorial note: I’ve posted an interview titled Diving Shrimp Ponds with Alec Forbes to the Free Reports section of this webpage.]


Information: Anthony Forbes (phone 540-891-5586, email forbesfamily@comcast.net).


Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp News International from the Forbes Family on August 5, 2007.  Subject: Alec in Hospital.  2. Telephone Conversation with Anthony Forbes on August 6, 2007.  3. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, August 6, 2007.


United States

Missouri—Global Aquaculture Alliance


Drafts and audit forms of the Global Aquaculture Alliance’s Best Aquaculture Practices certification standards for seafood processing plants are now available for review and public input at http://www.gaalliance.org/comment1.html.  All parties are welcome to complete the online form and fax or email in suggested changes before the two-month comment period ends on September 25, 2007.  At that time, committee members will review the submitted comments and integrate recommendations into a final draft that will be approved by a consensus of members before implementation.


The Best Aquaculture Practices continue to be based on requirements for sanitary and therapeutic controls, complete HACCP plans and accurate recordkeeping.  We’ve also addressed waste products from fish species and oil and grease in effluents.  The product-sampling procedures for food safety verification have also been clarified.


Auditors accredited by the Aquaculture Certification Council have already audited over 60 shrimp processing plants in Thailand, Indonesia, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, India, Bangladesh, Ecuador, Honduras, Colombia and Madagascar as conforming to GAA’s Best Aquaculture Practices standards.


To continue in the BAP program, plants must be audited every year.  As facilities certified under the original shrimp-specific certification standards come up for review, the plants will be evaluated under the new seafood standards.  Their resulting BAP “seafood” certification will enable them to process all types of farmed seafood that originates from BAP-certified culture facilities.  Information: Daniel Lee: (phone 44-(0)-1248-713591, email dangaelle@aol.com).


A July 24, 2007, article in the Wall Street Journal reported that GAA’s Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification is helping guide Thailand’s aquaculture industry through an “environmental overhaul”, thanks largely to Wal-Mart’s endorsement of the BAP program as part of the company’s push for environmental sustainability.  Wal-Mart buys more shrimp than any other USA company.  It has announced that it will buy all its farmed shrimp from BAP-certified facilities by the end of 2007.  GAA President George Chamberlain said that due to the Wal-Mart directive, “we went from trying to convince individual facilities to become certified to having long waiting lines.”


On July 24, 2007, Chamberlain appeared on CNN’s “Lou Dobbs Tonight” in a short segment on farmed fish from China that referenced chemical residues in imported product.  Chamberlain said that although antibiotics have been legitimately used to treat farmed pigs, chickens and fish, the ideal way to deal with diseases is through careful system management that avoids the need for such treatments.


United States consumers can now buy packages of frozen shrimp that bear the Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) retail mark at Wal-Mart stores.  GAA President George Chamberlain bought his first bag of BAP-marked shrimp in mid-June at a Wal-Mart near the GAA office in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.  The cooked and peeled shrimp came from Good Luck Product Company, Ltd., in Muang, Samutsakorn, Thailand, which was BAP-certified in October 2006.  “The shrimp were delicious,” Chamberlain said.


Information: George Chamberlain, Ph.D., President, Global Aquaculture Alliance, 5661 Telegraph Road, Suite 3A, St. Louis, MO 63129 USA (phone 314-293-5500, fax 314-293-5525, email georgec@gaalliance.org, webpage www.gaalliance.org).


Sources: Emails to Shrimp News International from the Global Aquaculture Alliance.  1. New Best Aquaculture Practices Standards for Seafood Processing Plants Now Available for Comment.  2. GAA’s Standards Highlighted in Wall Street Journal; Chamberlain Expert Source on CNN.  3. Shrimp Carry BAP Mark in Wal-Mart Stores.  July 26, 2007.

United States

Washington, DC—World Wildlife Fund Hires Jose Villalon


Jose Villalon, a 26-year veteran of the aquaculture industry, is the new director of World Wildlife Fund’s (WWF) aquaculture program.  Villalon’s primary role is to oversee the Aquaculture Dialogues, a set of multi-stakeholder groups developing standards for more sustainable aquaculture production.  WWF is the catalyst for the dialogues.


Villalon’s expertise in aquaculture and extensive experience working with industry leaders worldwide make him the ideal candidate to manage this growing WWF program.


“It is fantastic to have Jose on board,” said WWF Vice President of Markets Dr. Jason Clay.”  He embodies WWF’s commitment to work with the aquaculture industry to improve performance and the bottom line globally.”


Work in aquaculture at WWF began in the mid-1990s with a comparison of the impacts of producing shrimp from aquaculture and trawling.  As a result of the study, WWF decided that aquaculture had far more potential for improvement than trawling.  Our first step, starting in 1999, was to create the Shrimp Aquaculture and the Environment Consortium.  In 2003, standards for shrimp farming were developed by the consortium.


The scope of WWF’s aquaculture program has broadened considerably over the past few years with the addition of salmon, molluscs, catfish, tilapia, basa, tra and trout to the list of species for which WWF is working with partners to develop standards.  WWF also works in priority places around the world to reduce the impacts (or improve the performance) of aquaculture producers.


WWF’s goal is to draft and vet standards for 12 species by the end of 2009, then hand them off to an existing certification entity or create a new one to manage the system.  The goal is that 10 percent of the purchases by retailers worldwide will be from dialogue producers in the first two years after the standards are adopted and 25 percent will be from certified sources within 10 years.


“I am delighted to be part of the growing aquaculture team at WWF,” Villalon said. “WWF has a mature and solid framework for credible standards development and we look forward to accelerating this process.  It is energizing to see how the industry sector has embraced this program and we anticipate working side-by-side with industry to make it a worldwide success.”


Prior to coming to WWF, Villalon operated his own consulting business in Mazatlan, Mexico, for five years.  The firm worked with private industry on technical shrimp production protocols and farm accounting systems.  It also developed and marketed a line of shrimp-based products for a canning company to address the market demand for ready-to-eat products.  Previously, Villalon operated a 470-acre shrimp farm in Mazatlan for two years.  During that period, production increased by 23 percent.


Villalon’s career also includes five years at AquaNova, the wholly owned subsidiary of Desc, which operated a shrimp feed mill and processing plant.  His responsibilities included overseeing new product development and market penetration in Europe and Japan, as well as selling and exporting the farm’s production.


Villalon’s aquaculture career began in Guayaquil, Ecuador, where he worked at Marine Harvest International from 1983 to 1994.  His roles there included vice president/technical director of shrimp farm production, with bottom-line accountability for its hatchery, feedmill, and farm operations.


Villalon holds a master of science degree in fisheries biology from the University of Washington in Seattle, USA, and a bachelor of science degree in biological sciences from Florida International University.  He is a former member of the World Aquaculture Society’s (WAS) Board of Directors and a former vice president of WAS’ Latin American chapter.  He also has served as a board member for the Ecuadorian Aquaculture Feed Manufacturers Association.


Villalon lives in Virginia with his wife Anita and children Gabriela and Santiago.  He works at WWF’s U.S. headquarters in Washington, DC.  For more information about the dialogues go to http://www.worldwildlife.org/cci/aquaculture_dialogues.cfm.  For more information about the shrimp dialogues go to http://www.worldwildlife.org/cci/dialogues/shrimp.cfm.


For more than 45 years, WWF has been protecting the future of nature.  The largest multinational conservation organization in the world, WWF works in 100 countries and is supported by 1.2 million members in the United States and close to 5 million globally.  WWF’s unique way of working combines global reach with a foundation in science, involves action at every level, from local to global, and ensures the delivery of innovative solutions that meet the needs of both people and nature.  Go to http://www.worldwildlife.org/ to learn more.


Information: Jill Schwartz, World Wildlife Fund, 1250 24th Street, NW Washington, D.C. 20037-1193 USA (phone 202-822-3458, email jill.schwartz@wwfus.org, webpage www.worldwildlife.org).


Shrimp Standards: For information on WWF’s new shrimp standards, go to http://www.shrimpnews.com/WorldWildlifeFundStandards.html.


Source: Email to Shrimp News International from the World Wildlife Fund.  Press Release: Twenty-Six Year Veteran of Aquaculture Industry Joins WWF Team Jose Villalon to Manage WWF’s Growing Aquaculture Program.  Jill Schwartz. August 9, 2007.



Uni President


Uni President Vietnam, a leading shrimp feed producer, is building a $2 million shrimp hatchery in the central province of Ninh Thuan that will be capable of producing around 600 million postlarvae a year.


It will have biosecure facilities for broodstock and produce black tiger postlarvae (Penaeus monodon) and Western white shrimp postlarvae (P. vannamei).  Additionally, there will be laboratory facilities, complete with PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and other equipment for monitoring diseases.


Jie-Cheng Chuang, assistant vice president of Uni President’s food group, said: “Vietnam’s shrimp production increased to 320,000 tons in 2006.  If we convert that into larvae, each year the demand will be 35 billion postlarvae shrimp with a total value of $100 million.  ...Our idea is to provide quality and SPF postlarvae which can build up farmers’ confidence in shrimp culture.”


Work on the hatchery is expected to start in November 2007.  Broodstock for the production of black tiger postlarvae will be sourced from Africa; specific pathogen free (SPF) broodstock for the production of Western white shrimp will come from Hawaii.  The hatchery will collaborate with researchers at the National Taiwan University on several aspects of shrimp culture, such as the setting up of the laboratory and controlling postlarval quality.


Uni President, a Taiwan-based company, started its Vietnam shrimp feed business in 2001 with a feed mill in Song Than II Industrial Park in Binh Duong Province.  In 2006, with increasing demand for its feeds, the company set up a second feed mill in the Mekong Delta at My Tho Industrial Park in Tien Giang Province.  The production of shrimp and fish feeds at the two mills is expected to reach 200,000 tons a year.


Source: Aqua Culture AsiaPacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com).  Uni President Vietnam/Ground breaking for new marine shrimp hatchery business.  Volume 3, Number 4, Page 5, July/August 2007.



56 Exporters Get Free Pass


Hanoi...On August 1, 2007, the National Fisheries Quality Assurance and Veterinary Directorate (NAFIQAVED) is going to announce a list of 56 exporters that have made ten consecutive shipments of product to Japan that contain no illegal antibiotics.  They will be exempted from 100% testing for antibiotics and chemicals in seafood exported to Japan.  NAFIQAVED will update the list every month.


Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service).  Vietnam exempts 56 shrimp exporters to Japan from antibiotic testing.  Ken Coons (phone 781-861-1441, email kencoons@seafood.com).  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  July 31, 2007.


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