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November 17, 2006

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Shrimp and Cheesecake

I've found that it is hard to find good shrimp,
so I've started farming

According to Wikipedia (the free online encyclopedia,, Nigella Lucy Lawson is a journalist, author, food writer and a host of televised cooking shows in the United Kingdom. More than two million copies of her books have been sold worldwide. Her style of presentation is sometimes gently mocked by comedians and commentators who think that she plays upon her attractiveness and sexuality as a device to engage the viewers of her cooking shows.

In January 2004,
Pitchaya Sudbanthad, spoofing Lawson's style, wrote a piece about shrimp farming the way he thought Nigella would present it:

"As much as I love seafood, I wasn't always one to care for where it came from. I trusted my fishmonger, and that was that. Recently, though...something in the air made me think about shrimp. Ever since I was a little girl, I have adored the taste of shrimp. I can taste the ocean in a shrimp nicely grilled over coals; the flesh is taut, plump and divinely sensual."

"I've found that it is hard to find good shrimp, so I've started farming them. To the inexperienced onlooker, two-phased intensive shrimp farming might seem like a daunting task. While it is hard work, I always feel rewarded. ...I just love the marine smell of raw feed on my hands. From hatchery to growout pond, I am responsible for keeping out disease, looking after salinity conditions and making sure that there is enough circulation in the water. When I look into my special concrete larval tanks, I am looking at thousands, if not millions, of potential shrimp kabobs. It is the perfect blend of embracing nature--my private bountiful sea--and expectantly knowing that I'll be feasting on lemon-buttered scampi over linguini that results ultimately in blissful domestic satisfaction."

"Sometimes I like to swim with my darlings. Wearing my ivory-colored two-piece, I slide into one of the tanks and swim gentle laps. I love the feel of thousands of shrimp flowing over my body, their little legs flicking lightly against my skin. It's good to set aside time to enjoy this kind of activity because it makes you feel so unbelievably human in such a rushed modern world."

"Shrimp from the backyard has a different taste. It is guaranteed fresh. The meat is juicy and succulent, never rubbery. Some people may be more puritanical about where they get their shrimp. They say shrimp raised in a phalanx of converted deluxe massage-jet hot tubs could never taste as good as shrimp from the sea. But I don't think that they'll ever realize the raw pleasure of coming home to a luxurious tank full of shrimp, of starting from scratch, of seeing millions of nauplii, and eventually larvae, seductively whirl before their very eyes. As they grow into adult shrimp, I see so much beauty in their changing form. Shrimp are very sexy. I can taste them, even before I plop one in my mouth, and then another, and then another, until my voracious appetite is fully and absolutely sated."

Sources: 1. Wikipedia. Nigella Lucy Lawson ( November 10, 2006. 2. The Morning News. An Ocean of Instant Gratification ( . January 20, 2004. 3. Raincoaster. The Way of Nigella/Picture ( November 10, 2006.

Country Reports

Feed Attractants

This study measured the chemo-attractability of nine substances on shrimp:

VDB80 (80%-crude protein dried vegetable biomass)
VDB68 (68%-crude protein dried vegetable biomass, plus glutamate and betaine)
CAA (a complex of the amino acids alanine, valine, glycine, proline, serine and histidine, plus glutamic acid, tyrosine and betaine)
CFSP (condensed fish soluble protein)
SLM (squid liver meal)
BET (betaine)
DFSLH (low histamine dried fish solubles)
DFSHH (high histamine dried fish solubles)
WSPH (whole squid protein hydrolysate)

CFSP, CAA, SLM and WSPH stimulated the highest number of positive responses. Overall, shrimp detected more quickly and spent more time feeding on the complex of amino acids (CAA) than any other ingredient. There was a positive relationship between percentage of CFSP and increased attractability. A combination of cadaverine and histamine appeared to enhance attractiveness when combined with some of the other ingredients.

Source: World Aquaculture Society. The CD of the Aqua 2006 Abstracts (Florence, Italy, May 2006). Measure of Feeding Stimulation of Commercial Attractants for the White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei through Behavioral Bioassays and Ingredient Chemical Profile. Alberto J.P. Nunes (, Marcelo V.C. Sá, Felipe F. Andriola-Neto, Gabriela Oliveira and Daniel Lemos (Instituto de Ciências do Mar, Laboratório de Ração e Nutrição de Camarão Marinho, Av. da Abolição, 3207 – Meireles Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, 60.165-081). Information: John Cooksey, World Aquaculture Conference Management, P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 USA (phone 760-751-5005, fax 760-751-5003, email, webpage

SemBioSys Genetics

SemBioSys Genetics, Inc., a public corporation registered in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, produces high-value proteins from genetically modified safflower seeds. Its shares are listed on the TSX Venture Exchange in Toronto under the symbol SBS. For the past two years, some farms in the state of Washington (USA) have grown the seeds as an ingredient for shrimp feeds sent to South America. The goal is to boost the shrimp's immune system and protect them from viruses, said Rick Keon, a company spokesman.

During the first half of 2007, SemBioSys plans to scale-up the production of ImmunoSphere™, a shrimp feed additive, and get it ready for a product launch.

Information: Andrew Baum, President and Chief Executive Officer, SemBioSys Genetics, Inc., 110-2985 23rd Avenue, Calgary, Alberta T1Y 7L3, Canada (phone 403-250-5424, fax 403-250-3886, email, webpage

Sources: 1. CNW Group, Ltd. (Canada NewsWire Group, online news releases). SemBioSys announces 2004 year-end operational and financial results ( March 15, 2005. 2. Washington farmers raise modified safflower for drug firm ( October 10, 2006. 3. CNW Group. SemBioSys announces third quarter results ( November 6, 2006.

El Nino

For a long report on shrimp farming and El Niño
Click Here.

In its November 9, 2006, monthly report, the USA Climate Prediction Center continued to forecast El Niño conditions for the remainder of 2006 and the first quarter of 2007. To receive email notifications of the monthly report, send an email to The next report is scheduled for December 7, 2006. Weekly updates of the report can be viewed at

For a Spanish version of the November 9, 2006 report go to

Information: Climate Prediction Center, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, NOAA/National Weather Service, Camp Springs, MD 20746-4304 USA; and NOAA/National Weather Service, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Climate Prediction Center, 5200 Auth Road, Camp Springs, MD 20746 USA.

Sources: 1. Climate Prediction Center ( El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Diagnostic Discussion ( November 9, 2006. 2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, November 9, 2006.


Global Satria S/B, a shrimp and fish farm in East Malaysia (on the north coast of Borneo, an island occupied mostly by Indonesia) has over 350 ponds, 5 hatcheries and 1 processing plant. It plans to start a project "using photobioreactors for CO2 sequestration". It has a number of openings for interns. Candidates will be selected to intern in shrimp farming, fish larvae culture or photobioreactor work. Internships will last 18 months after which promising candidates may be offered five-year contracts with the company. Interns should have Third World experience, a B.Sc. in Marine Biology or Aquaculture and be willing to work under all weather and field conditions. Salary: $400 [a month ?]. Closing Date: Wednesday, November 29, 2006.

Information: Ung Eng Huan, Chief Technology Officer, Global Satria S/B Company, Tawau, Malaysia (email, phone 6-019-8615377, webpage

Source: AquaNic (The Aquaculture Network Information Center, a gateway to the world's electronic aquaculture resources, Jobs Directory (, in cooperation with the WAS Employment Service, search on "shrimp"). Internship ( October 10, 2006.

NACA--Spanish Version of Responsible Principles

Encouraged by a group of United Nations agencies and the World Bank, the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA), which represents 17 countries across Asia, has prepared a set of eight principles for responsible shrimp farming. The principles address issues on location, design, construction, feeding, health and nutrition. They also set down standards for managing mangroves, handling food safety issues and sharing a shrimp farm's benefits with surrounding communities.

Now the principles have been translated into Spanish and will soon be translated into several other languages. Click her to download the 26-page Spanish version of the principles.

Los Principios Internacionales para el Cultivo Responsable de Camarón han sido desarrollados por el Consorcio sobre Cultivo de Camarón y el Ambiente, el cual consiste de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO), la Red de Centros de Acuicultura en Asia y el Pacífico (NACA), el Programa Global de Acción para la Protección del Ambiente Marino frente a Actividades Realizadas en Tierra del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (UNEP/GPA), el Banco Mundial (WB) y el Fondo Mundial para la Vida Silvestre (WWF).

For a copy of the principles in English, go to

On November 8, 2006, the principles received a "Green Award" from the World Bank. The Annual Green Award was instituted in 2001 to recognize leadership and personal commitment to environmental sustainability.

Sources: 1. Reuters Alert Net. New shrimp farm rules aim to save Asian mangroves ( Clarence Fernandez. August 22, 2006. 2. Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific Webpage. Shrimp: Principios Internacionales para el Cultivo Responsable de Camarón ( Posted by koji_Y. November 8, 2006. 3. Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific Webpage. Shrimp: Green Award recognises NACA work on shrimp farming ( Posted by koji_Y. November 11, 2006.

United States
Hawaii--SPF Shrimp Broodstock Association

Under the leadership of Dee Montgomery-Brock, an independent contractor employed by The Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture at the Oceanic Institute, broodstock suppliers from around the islands gathered at OI recently and formed the SPF (specific-pathogen free) Shrimp Broodstock Association, which will establish standards and codes of practice to enhance and protect the reputation of SPF shrimp broodstock from Hawaii. The Center for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture, a United States Department of Agriculture program that's headquartered at the Oceanic Institute, provides funding and support for the new association.

Here are the names of some of the Hawaiian broodstock companies that have joined the new association:

Kona Bay Marine Resources (Hai Yuan)
Molokai Sea Farms (Steve Chaikin)
High Health Aquaculture (Jim Wyban)
Pacific Aquaculture and Biotechnology (Joe Tabra)

Information: Dee Montgomery-Brock, President, SPF Shrimp Broodstock Association, The Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, C/O The Oceanic Institute, 41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, HI 96795 USA (phone 808-927-0091, fax 808-259-8395, email, webpage

Sources: 1. Industry Briefs (The newsletter of the United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program). Paula Bender, Editor and Webmaster ( Hawai'i Broodstock Growers Set Standards. V-12, N-4, P-7, October 2006. 2. Telephone conversation with Dee Montgomery-Brock on November 15, 2006.

United States
Texas--USMSFP, WAS Aquaculture 2007

The United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program (USMSFP) will sponsor the shrimp sessions at "Aquaculture 2007", a World Aquaculture Society meeting scheduled for February 26 through March 2, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. In addition to sponsoring the shrimp sessions, Anthony Ostrowski, Ph.D., director of USMSFP, said USMSFP will host a special reception for the United States marine shrimp farming industry that will encourage one-on-one contact with program scientists. Early registration ends January 5, 2007.

Information: Anthony Ostrowski, The Oceanic Institute, 41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, HI 96795 USA (phone 808-259-3109, fax 808-259-3121, email, webpage

Information: John Cooksey, World Aquaculture Conference Management, P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 USA (phone 760-751-5005, fax 760-751-5003, email, webpage

Source: Industry Briefs (The newsletter of the United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program). Paula Bender, Editor and Webmaster ( See you at WAS Aquaculture 2007--Science for Sustainable Aquaculture. V-12, N-4, P-7, October 2006.

United States
Texas--Tentative Program for the Bio-Floc Session at Aquaculture 2007

At the World Aquaculture Society Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA (February 15, 2006), a special, all-day session brought people from around the world together to discuss bio-floc shrimp farming. They formed a working group within WAS to facilitate communications among interested parties, gave the technology its name--"bio-floc" aquaculture--and established a home for the group at the Agricultural Engineering Society's website (, click on Bio-Floc Workgroup in the left hand column).

Dr. Yoram Avnimelech has taken the lead in the bio-floc aquaculture movement. Yoram is head of the Sea of Galilee Water Shed Research Unit (Israel), Chief Scientist of the Israeli Ministry of the Environment, and Dean of the Department of Agricultural Engineering at Technion (the Israel Institute of Technology), where he holds the Samuel Gorney Chair. He has done consulting work in Israel, the United States, South America, Australia and Thailand and has been a visiting professor in various countries, including Belgium, the United States, Australia and the Netherlands. He has published more than a hundred papers in refereed journals, edited four books and trained many graduate students.

Yoram is putting together the program for the bio-floc session at the WAS meeting in San Antonio, Texas, USA, scheduled for Wednesday, February 28, 2007. Here's the tentative program. Both the morning and afternoon sessions will be followed by discussions.

Morning Session

Bio-Floc Technology: Microbial Re-Use Systems (Yoram Avnimelech)

Management of Nitrogen Cycling and Microbial Populations in Bio-Floc-Based Aquaculture Systems (Peter Van Wyk and Yoram Avnimelech)

Roselien Crab Added Value of Microbial Life in Flocs (Willy Verstraete, P. De Schryver and Tom Defoirdt)

Nutritional Issues of Floc (A. Tacon, S. Zimmerman, F. Huerta, H. Zambrano and L. Conquest)

Impact of Carbon/Nitrogen Balance and Modeling of the Nitrogen Removal Processes in Microbial-Based Aquaculture Systems (James M. Ebeling and Michael B. Timmons)

Afternoon Session

Biological Treatment of Wastewaters to Generate Microbial Flocs for Shrimp Culture (Sebastian Eixler and Hans-Peter Grossart)

Microbial Aggregation in Natural Systems: Basic Processes and Practical Implications (D.D. Kuhn, G.D. Boardman, S.R. Craig, E. McLean and G.J. Flick)

Effect of Solids Concentration on Performance of Indoor Bio-Floc Mesocosms (John A. Hargreaves and David Wong)

Algal/Bacterial Sedimentation, Degradation and Denitrification Rates in Suspended Culture Aquaculture Systems (David Brune)

Bio-Floc Dynamics in Super-intensive Shrimp Raceways: The Good the Bad and the Ugly (John Leffler, Heidi Atwood, Brad McAbee, Patrick Brown, Steve Morton, Susan Wilde and Craig Browdy)

Open Pond Production at High Densities (100-150 Pls/Cubic Meter/Cycle) with Bio-Floc Zero Exchange Systems (Rod McNeil)

Production of Marketable Size Penaeus vannamei in Greenhouse-Enclosed Raceways Operated with Limited Water Discharge (John J. Austin, Tzachi M. Samocha, Susmita Patnaik, Tim C. Morris and Yin Yiu)

Fish Waste Management by Conversion into Heterotrophic Bacteria Biomass (Oliver Schneider, Vasiliki Sereti, E.H. Eding and Johan Verreth)

Probiotic Effects of Bio-Floc Technology (Yoram Avnimelech and I. Bezerano)

Information: Yoram Avnimelech, Professor (Emeritus), Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Haifa, 32000 Israel (phone 972-3-7522406, fax 972-3-6131669, email

Information: John Cooksey, World Aquaculture Conference Management, P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 USA (phone 760-751-5005, fax 760-751-5003, email, webpage

Source: Email and attachments from Yoram Avnimelech on November 8, 2006.

Shrimp Exports

In the first ten months of 2006, shrimp farms in Ca Mau Province exported 65,000 metric tons of shrimp, generating $500 million in revenue. Provincial authorities predict an additional $140 million in revenue in the final months of 2006.

Source: Vietnam Net Bridge. Quang Ninh aims to attract 4.7mil tourists/Ca Mau economy driven by large shrimp gains ( November 11, 2006.

Click here for previous Free News reports in 2006