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November 3, 2006
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Wanted--Penaeus Indicus Broodstock
On October 13, 2006, Udaya Ram Jothy (firstname.lastname@example.org) posted to the Shrimp List:
For a client in Yemen, we are looking for suppliers of Penaeus indicus broodstock in the Middle East.
Tolentino Geovanni (email@example.com): Try contacting the following companies:
3. Hatchery Manager: firstname.lastname@example.org
Glen Bieber (email@example.com): Do you have any interest in using disease-free East African broodstock? They work well for us in Oman.
Aidashams72@yahoo.com: There are lots of experts on P. indicus in Iran, and they are close to you. Follow this link http://www.shilat.com. Whoops, I just followed that link, but I could not find anything in English, maybe you could contact them and they could connect you to other experts.
Udaya Ram Jothy (who posed the original request): Good to hear the various comments. Yemen does have indicus broodstock, but my client has tried it and found that it did not perform well in his hatchery. No one wants to import infected broodstock, so it's important that my client gets disease-free broodstock. Here's some information that I received off-list:
M.E. Esmaeili (firstname.lastname@example.org): Iran was hit by whitespot because of carelessness. We now have strong quarantine polices and the shrimp farming industry is doing well. We can't say that viruses are not here, but we see no signs of them. All our broodstock is from the east coast and quite clean. The National Prawn Company in Saudi Arabia does not sell broodstock. A company named Almarjan has indicus broodstock for sale in Yemen.
Udaya Ram Jothy: Do you have a contact at Almarjan? I don't know if my client is aware of them.
John Ixyne (email@example.com, in another off-list email): Iran is infected with whitespot. Exporting Iranian broodstock to Yemen would be very dangerous. I would like to remind members of the Shrimp List that importing broodstock from areas where viral diseases are present is not safe and not a responsible way of doing business.
Morteza Heraji (firstname.lastname@example.org, in another off-list email): In Iran, we work exclusively with indicus. Please tell me how many you need, at which stage and when.
Finally, responding on the Shrimp List, Hervé Lucien-Brun (email@example.com): Indicus is one of the easiest shrimp to work with in the hatchery. I suggest that you analyze why your client's local strain of indicus does not perform well before you consider importing broodstock from another country.
Ninety percent of the shrimp disease transfers between countries have occurred because of PL and broodstock transfers. No certified disease-free indicus postlarvae or broodstock exists!
Since you have access to broodstock from the Red Sea, the Aden Gulf and the Arabian Sea, you should be able to find some clean animals for broodstock.
No one wins in the import lottery. If your client wants to develop a sustainable and profitable business, he must select broodstock from the Yemen coast and then initiate a domestication program. There's no other way.
Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "firstname.lastname@example.org"). Subject: [shrimp] P. indicus broodstock. October 1315, 2006.
Vannamei Seedstock Prices
In China, certified SPF Penaeus vannamei PLs sell, on average, for $1.85 per 1,000.
Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "email@example.com"). Subject: [shrimp] Indoor Re-circ. From: firstname.lastname@example.org. October 20, 2006.
On October 16, 2006, Marcus Thon (email@example.com) posted to the Shrimp List: I'm the biologist in charge of shrimp trials at MariFarm, a R&D facility operated by the Ecomares Group in Germany. For several years, we've been developing and testing recirc systems for the intensive production of tropical shrimp. As soon as possible, we want to start a complete production cycle in our new pilot-scale system. We're urgently searching for SPF Penaeus vannamei postlarvae (or stocks with a clear and reliable history of being clean). We have a consistent demand of 100,000 PLs every two months, and we're very interested in a regular supply of postlarvae. Our facility in Kiel is pretty close to the Hamburg airport.
Josh Wilkenfeld (firstname.lastname@example.org): You can try contacting Shrimp Improvement Systems (SIS) in Florida, USA. Contact Ed Scura at email@example.com, or Nikki Frisbie at firstname.lastname@example.org. There is also a much less well-known line in Mexico developed by Dr. Heinz Holtschmit of Tec de Monterrey. These animals have a long history of being disease free, but have never been officially certified. The hatchery in Guaymas where these animals were kept for more than seven years was recently shut down, but it's possible that Dr. Holtschmit may have been able to find a way to keep the line going at some other location. You can contact him at email@example.com. There is one commercial hatchery in Sonora that may still work with this line of disease-free P. vannamei--Aqualarvas--and I believe the email address of the director is firstname.lastname@example.org, but Dr. Holtschmit can verify that for you.
To the best of my knowledge, however, if you specifically want certified SPF PLs and you need small numbers on a regular basis throughout the year, SIS is probably your best bet.
Lorenzo Juarez (email@example.com): I believe I supplied PLs to your project a few years ago from the GMSB hatchery in Florida. I'm glad you are still pursuing the project. For your current needs you may want to contact Glen Illing at SyAqua/Thailand (firstname.lastname@example.org). It may work if you have a direct flight from Bangkok to Hamburg. I know Glen has sent PLs as far as Lebanon, so Hamburg should be a lot easier.
Jim Wyban (email@example.com): We have a joint venture hatchery in the Dominican Republic that has been SPF since opening eight years ago. It uses SPF broodstock from our Hawaii Breeding Center and produces SPF P. vannamei PLs year round.
Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "firstname.lastname@example.org"). Subject: [shrimp] Request for PL of L. vannamei. October 1618, 2006.
The Gold Coin Group and Godrej Agrovet Limited
In July 2006, the Gold Coin Group and Godrej Agrovet Limited (GAVL), which has shrimp feed mills in Chennai and Vijaywada, signed an agreement to consolidate their aquafeed businesses in India. The new company will be called Godrej Gold Coin Aquafeed Limited (GGCAL), with 51% shareholding by Gold Coin Group and 49% by GAVL.
The Gold Coin Group, a subsidiary of the Zuellig Group (USA), is one of Asia's best-known and most successful multinational feed companies, with over 50 years' presence in many Asian countries. Today, Gold Coin operates 20 feed mills in Asia, each with its own state-of-the-art laboratory, chemists, nutritionists and veterinarians.
Godrej Agrovet, Ltd., is part of the $1.3 billion Godrej Group of India. It is a leader in the Indian agricultural sector with a large presence in cattle, poultry and aquafeeds. With revenues close to $200 million, the company employs more than 1,600 and has over 40 manufacturing and processing facilities across India.
Sources: 1. India Infoline. Godrej Agrovet ties-up with Taiwanese firm (http://www.indiainfoline.com/news/news.asp?dat=58047). May 3, 2005. 2. AquaCulture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email email@example.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com). Joint Venture in Aquafeed Business in India. Volume 2, Number 5, Page 5, September/October 2006.
IPO for CP Prima
PT Central Proteinaprima (CP Prima, the Indonesian shrimp farming unit of Thailand's Charoen Pokphand Group) will offer $80 million worth of stock to the public to finance 2,000 new shrimp ponds. Currently it has 3,732 ponds. In the Jakarta Post, CP Prima said it expects to earn a net profit of $40 million in 2007. It reported a net profit of $22.3 million in 2005, 62.5% higher than in 2004. It operates shrimp feed mills, hatcheries, farms and processing plants across Indonesia. It is the largest exporter of frozen shrimp to the USA, the European Union and Japan.
Source: AquaCulture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email firstname.lastname@example.org, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com). IPO for CPPrima. Volume 2, Number 5, Page 6, September/October 2006.
WTO Launches Investigation into USA Dumping Duties
On September 28, 2006, the Associated Press reported from Geneva, Switzerland: The United States temporarily delayed a World Trade Organization investigation into the dumping duties on Thailand's shrimp exports. The United States said it was "premature" for Thailand to ask the World Trade Organization for an investigative panel to be set up. Thailand will have a second chance to ask the Geneva-based trade body to start the inquiry--a move that Washington would not be able to block.
In October 2006, at the request of Thailand, the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched a formal investigation into the USA dumping duties on Thai shrimp. The USA delayed the start of the investigation by 30 days, but on Thailand's second request, the WTO was required to act.
In a separate matter, Thailand, India, Brazil and Japan have joined the European Union as parties to a WTO investigation of the USA practice of "zeroing" to determine dumping duties. Previous WTO panels have found that zeroing leads to artificial and inflated dumping duties. Without zeroing, the USA would be unable to justify its dumping case.
Sources: 1. The International Herald Tribune. U.S. blocks Thai request for WTO to investigate U.S. shrimp duties (http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/09/28/business/EU_FIN_ECO_WTO_US_Shrimp.php). September 28, 2006. 2. Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). World Trade Organization (WTO) launches formal investigation into US shrimp anti-dumping duties. Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email email@example.com). October 26, 2006.
NuPro® from Alltech® is a yeast extract enriched with nucleotides, amino acids and vitamins. It stimulates faster feed consumption and improves growth rates and survival. NuPro helps farmers achieve better yields, better feed conversion ratios and higher profits--and it does it all with natural products!
Information: www.alltech.com (scroll to the bottom of the home page and click on Alltech Aquaculture).
Sources: 1. Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email firstname.lastname@example.org, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com). Advertisement: Alltech Aqua. Volume 2, Number 5, Page 3, September/October 2006. 2. Alltech webpage on October 18, 2006.
Two Indian companies plan to invest $12 million in freshwater prawn farming (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) in Uganda. M/S Angelique has proposed an investment of $4 million and another firm will invest $8 million to set up a commercial prawn/fish farm. Both projects will have joint venture partners in Uganda. Freshwater prawns are new to Uganda, and initially all production will be for export.
Source: The New Vision. Indian companies to invest in fish farming (http://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/13/527530). Milton Olupot. October 19, 2006.
William R. "Dickie" Odom has been raising shrimp in Greene County since 1999. His well is 650 feet deep and produces water with 5 parts per thousand salinity, as opposed to seawater, which has around 35 parts per thousand. The growing season for pond-raised shrimp in Alabama is anywhere from 120 to 150 days. Odom operates six ponds spread over two acres, and each pond produces between 7,000 to 8,000 pounds of shrimp a year. His average production is 35,000 pounds of shrimp annually. Harvesting usually starts in the first week of October.
Odom said, "This year, we sold 26,000 pounds fresh shrimp to the public. In fact, some of the shrimp were still alive an hour before they were bought. The other pounds are sent off for processing. ...They are processed to be headless, or peeled and deveined. The shrimp are individually quick frozen."
"In each pound, there are 16 to 20 jumbo shrimp, and each one has an average length of six to eight inches."
"We harvest for four weeks, and during that we have three public sales. We sell our shrimp for $3 per pound. The business for fresh shrimp doubles every year, and we have to build into the future to meet that demand. ...Most of our customers have been primarily from Marengo, Greene, Sumter and Hale counties. ...One buyer...was a shrimp boat captain from Bayou LaBatre, Alabama."
Odom gets his shrimp from a hatchery in south Florida. "We get them specific pathogen free. The chance of them having the diseases from coastal regions is not impossible, but it is relatively slim to none," said Odom.
Source: The Demopolis Times. News: Local farmer grows shrimp in aquifer (http://www.demopolistimes.com/articles/2006/10/19/news/news87.txt). Jamie Alich. October 19, 2006.
Oregon--View Shrimp on a Treadmill Video
Dr. David Scholnick, a researcher at Pacific University, has invented and built an underwater treadmill to measure the activity of "jogging" shrimp for a set period of time at known speeds and oxygen levels. Scholnick says: "As far as I know this is the first time that shrimp have been tested on a treadmill and it was amazing to see how well they performed. ...Healthy shrimp [Penaeus vannamei] ran and swam at speeds of up to 20 meters per minute for hours with little indication of fatigue." To further challenge the healthy shrimp, Scholnick put a small "backpack" made of duct tape on the shrimp's back. With the extra weight and lowered oxygen, shrimp jogged for up to an hour. When sick shrimp were put on the treadmill, they showed elevated blood lactate levels after jogging. Lactate is produced during exercise as a by-product of metabolizing glucose. Infected shrimp are unable to remove it from their tissues efficiently and therefore did not recover from jogging as quickly as healthy shrimp.
Unbeknownst to Scholnick, Pacific University's director of online communications, Richard Sipe, spotted the film on the professor's faculty webpage. He uploaded it to Youtube.com, a popular video-sharing website, and before long the clip was enjoying incredible popularity. At last count, Scholnick's nimble crustacean had been viewed more than one million times and generated several spin-offs in which people added music or re-cut the footage to make it look as if the 5-inch-long shrimp is dancing.
View the Video at: http://www.pacificu.edu/as/biology/faculty/DavidScholnick.cfm.
Information: Dr. David Scholnick, Pacific University, 2043 College Way, Forest Grove, OR 97116 USA (phone 503-357-6151, fax 503-352-2933, email email@example.com).
Research: D.A. Scholnick, K.G. Burnett and L.E. Burnett. Impact of exposure to bacteria on metabolism in the Penaeid shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Biological Bulletin (in press).
Sources: 1. Live Science.com. Scientists Put Shrimp on a Treadmill (http://www.livescience.com/animalworld/061018_shrimp_treadmill.html). Sara Goudarzi (a LiveScience staff writer). October 18, 2006. 2. Pacific University Webpage. Department of Biology: David Scholnick (http://www.pacificu.edu/as/biology/faculty/DavidScholnick.cfm). Site visit on October 19, 2006. 3. YouTube.com. Site visit on October 25, 2006. 4. News-Times. It's a shrimpathon! (http://www.forestgrovenewstimes.com/news/story.php?story_id=116240438211390100). Mateusz Perkowski. November 1, 2006.
South Carolina--David Brune Wins Clemson Award
Dr. David Brune, 54, a professor at Clemson University, has received the school's highest agricultural honor, the Godley-Snell Award for Excellence in Agricultural Research. Brune developed an environmentally friendly "partitioned aquaculture system" that produces high densities of fish and shrimp. Clemson University holds the USA patent on the system. Brune is the 20th faculty member to receive the Godley-Snell Award, which includes a cash prize of $4,031. As a member of Clemson's Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Brune holds the Charles Carter Newman Endowed Chair of Natural Resources Engineering at Clemson.
In September 2006, Clemson University was awarded $431,203 to research "Organic Farming of Marine Shrimp: A Holistic Approach to Management of Feeds and Microbial Dynamics."
Information: David Brune, Professor, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Clemson University, 225 McAdams Hall, Box 340357, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 USA (phone 864-656-4068, fax 864-656-0338, email firstname.lastname@example.org, webpage http://www.clemson.edu/agbioeng/pages/faculty/brune.htm).
Sources: 1. Aquafeed.com (The free E-zine for aquafeed professionals, http://www.aquafeed.com). Marine shrimp research gets slice of $4.5 million organic agriculture grant (http://www.aquafeed.com/article.php?id=1703§ionid=1). Editor, Suzi Fraser Dominy (email email@example.com). Issue-30, Volume-6, September 14, 2006. 2. SeaWeb Aquaculture News (firstname.lastname@example.org). Clemson University Professor Earns Award for Successful Research on Improving Pond Aquaculture. October 19, 2006.
Shrimp Prices Rising
Seafood processors are complaining about a shrimp shortage, and shrimp prices have skyrocketed in Soc Trang, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau and Tra Vinh, the country's primary shrimp farming areas. In mid-October 2006, 30 count per kilo shrimp sold for $7.14 to $7.47, while bigger shrimp sold at $9.37 a kilo, $0.65 to $1.00 higher than September 2006 prices.
Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). Vietnam producers see sharp rise in shrimp and tra prices, with some material shortages. Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email email@example.com). October 25, 2006.